family is losing it is functions article

Category: Law,
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Using materials from Item 2B and elsewhere assess the view that, in today’s contemporary society the family is losing its functions. As stated in Item 2B, the family fulfils a number of important functions for folks and for culture, such as the socialization of children plus the stabilisation of adult people. However , several sociologists claim that, in today’s society, the is losing their importance mainly because these functions are being absorbed by additional institutions; for example , nurseries have an increasingly important role in the socialization of small children whose mother and father are working a lot of the time.

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Functionalists see the family being a particularly crucial sub-system; consider that the indivisible family is the institution since it meets simple needs. Murdock (1949) states that the family members performs four essential functions to meet the needs of society and its particular members. First of all, they offer economic support to provide the children considering the fundamental essentials they require in life e. g. food, shield and normal water.

They too give a stable pleasure of the interest in sex with the same partner, producing their partner feel safer and protect, as well as minimizing the chances of getting STDs. One more purpose can be reproduction from the next generation, without which culture could not continue. Further for this, it also offers the child with 2 function models therefore, they will feel more secured of having both parents. Last but not least, it socialises the young into society’s shared best practice rules and values- without this kind of, society might suffer from negative impacts elizabeth. g. feral children. A criticism to Murdock’s analyze is that it really is out-dated, a large number of sociologists argue that society has now changed and these functions can be performed similarly well by other institutions, or by nonnuclear family structures.

Marxists and Feminists reject his ‘rose-tinted’ opinion view that the family complies with the requires of both wider society and all the members of the family. They argue that functionalists don’t review exploitation and conflict inside society. Marxists argue that the family preserves class inequality and capitalism and so, the functions of the family will be performed strictly for the main advantage of the capitalist system. They cannot see the nuclear family in the same way as functionalists and believe that they disregard the ‘dark side’


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