models of organizational transform essay

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Organizational alter is occurring in an intense price within modern organizations, while demands to be current with technology and marketplace styles are ever increasing. Although understanding exists between management and leadership about the need for alter, the ability to provide the expected effects of recommended changes generally fails. Recent literature in fact suggests that failures are frequently caused by the level of employee involvement and commitment, and this employees actually “play an important role inside the success or failure of change within just organizations (Shin, Taylor, & Seo, 2012, p.


There are various ideas of organizational change, many of which have related models which can be applied to transform processes. Though such ideas have different strategies, the majority of share common elements, to incorporate a clear perspective for the corporation, the function of the innovator in the effort, the connection process between key stakeholders and personnel, and defeating opposition to alter. That said, it’s the intention of this paper to evaluate two certain models of company change, and appraise how each version incorporates all those common elements within their construction.

Kurt Lewin: Three-Phase Alter Theory and Model

Kurt Lewin recommended a three- phase change theory in the 1940’s; however , his theory, together with a corresponding modify model, provides major significance for modern day organizational change initiatives. The three phases in the model are as follows: unfreeze-transition-freeze, and are supposed as a simple approach to organizational change. What is more, Lewin’s version has been utilized by many famous corporations, and has a verified track record of success.

Role from the Leader in Lewin’s Model

According to Lewin, the role of the leader in implementing the three-phase method is mutifactoral, as at each phase, leadership is central. For example , during the unfreezing period, the leader provides an impressive sense of urgency, which is accomplished by producing awareness and understanding of the advantages of change. Also, it is during this period that communication between the innovator, key stakeholders, and workers is essential in order to reach the next step of move.

During the transition phase, the leader is responsible for the introduction of organizational structure and process changes which will ultimately be shaped by simply new behaviours, values and attitudes (“Kurt Lewin a few phases modify theory,  2012, afin de. 3). Once the transition period reaches the actual of powerful re-structuring, the final freeze level must arise, and also become maintained. This is the point from which the leader must be sure that regulation to the change has crystallized, as the chance for the corporation to “revert back to aged ways (“Kurt Lewin a few phases change theory,  2012, para. 3) is available, unless all of the changes are continually reinforced.

Three-Phase Change Unit: Overcoming Level of resistance

Although one could expect quick resistance to alter, this is generally not the case. In fact , during the unfreezing stage, “most staff and management are able to change (“Kurt Lewin 3 phases modify theory,  2012, g. 4); nevertheless , there are still other folks that will require greater provocation. The leader’s role to resistance is within generating inspiration. This is made by dismantling its condition through educational initiatives, as well as the provision of tangible instances of proven success.

Additionally , lines of connection must stay open, allowing for the building of your guiding coalition, and the development of an unwavering cohesiveness. Overcoming resistance as well entails the leader’s personal involvement, focus on empowerment, being open to negotiation, and use of milestones as a means for illustrating successes. Because the cold stage nears, the leader must remain cognizant of virtually any barriers to maintaining the change. Furthermore, a frontward outlook is important, which will be suffered through effective communication, constant observation, training, and even “performance and prize systems (“Kurt Lewin three or more phases alter theory,  2012, s. 5).

Three-Phase Change Version and Connection

Communication is really the most central component to Lewin’s model. It can be highlighted at each of the three phases, with lack of interaction being a obstacle to effectively transitioning among phases. Having said that, it must certainly not be discounted the impact that strong lines of communication have upon successful transform initiatives, while high proportions of alter failures are often attributed to poor communication, hence hindering the transition process (Shin ou al., 2012, p. 727).

Harris’s Five-Phase Model

Ben Harris designed a five-phase organizational alter model inside the mid 1970’s. According to Harris, the phases will be sequential; nevertheless , they often overlap one another (Lunenburg, 2010, g. 4). The five-phases will be as follows: planning & initiation, momentum, concerns, turning point, and termination.

Five-Phase Model: Position of the Head

Unlike Lewin’s three-phase model, Harris’s model is less based upon concrete management initiatives at each phase. For instance , per the five-phase style, the role of the leader is accentuated most for phases II-IV; posited by Lunenburg when he acknowledged “the importance of command at several phases of program implementation (Lunenburg, 2010, p. 5). During organizing and initiation, the leader features the suggested change, desired goals, activities, and necessary assets., and “mounts interest among individuals (Lunenburg, 2010, p. 5), which can be dissimilar to Lewin’s creation of a feeling of urgency at the unfreezing stage.

During momentum, solid leadership is emphasized intended for the development of goal-directed activities, as well as the organizing of processes designed to serve as the point where employees experience personal expansion through participation. At the complications phase, leaders must stay focused on upcoming issues, such as complexity of plans, dissimilarities between included parties with regards to perceptions and goals, demands of responsibility, conflict, and individuals certainly not fulfilling duties and requirement (Lunenburg, 2010, p. 5). It is up to the leader to direct the actions essential for the completion of this period in order to begin the turning point.

During the turning point phase, the best choice continues to become facilitator intended for the continued regarding problems, or he techniques the group forward if perhaps problems have already been overcome. Sound leadership is essential here, as the point at which the change coalition should see results of initial preparing, and go through the momentum of the change process. Similar to Lewis’s transition stage, emphasis with this phase is placed on “behaviors, values, and attitudes (“Kurt Lewin several phases alter theory,  2012, pra. 2).

In termination, the best choice must try to break down any barriers towards the success in the change. This phase includes a twofold technique, which similarly addresses potential change failure, and on the other hand, the opportunity for alter success. Also, it is the point at which resistance to change turns into most noticeable; therefore , the investment of leadership is important to this phase.

Harris’s Five-Phase Model: Beating Resistance

There exists very little target within Harris’s five phases on leaders’ overcoming staff resistance to modify. In fact , of five phases, it is not right up until termination that attention to amount of resistance is even highlighted. As opposed to Lewin’s version, which will not allow for shifting between stages if competitors is met, Harris’s model affords for a five-phase transition, even in the face of potential failure. This is an excellent example of a five-phase model weakness, and three-phase unit strength.

Harris’s Five-Phase Style and Interaction

Harris’s version does not particularly stress the importance of communication as does Lewin’s model; nevertheless , it is intended in the information of the leader’s responsibilities at each phase. Noticeably, each of the five phases alludes to the dependence on leaders to effectively and consistently contact staff to ensure certain activities and desired goals to be achieved. The difference; nevertheless , between Lewin and Harris, is that Harris allows for the transitioning between stages even though barriers to success continue.


Since organizations encounter the ever-increasing demands of technology, with the challenges of staying current with marketplace tendencies, the need for

change will stay imminent. With assorted strategies around for the execution of change projects, leaders must stay abreast of the specific requirements of their areas, while as well maintaining sound lines of communication and solid leadership within their companies. It is also important that change versions with proven effectiveness end up being implemented, and that they are well-matched to the situation. Relative strong points and weak point of any kind of change unit will always are present, but through solid and effective leadership, the potential to overcome such weakness and the likelihood of change success is altogether potential.


Kurt Lewin 3 phase change theory universally approved change administration. (2012). Recovered from Lunenburg, N. (2010). Approached to controlling organizational alter. 1, 12, 1-10. Gathered from,%20Fred%20C%20Approaches%20to%20Managing%20Organizational%20Change%20IJSAID%20v12%20n1%202010.pdf Shin, L., Taylor, M. S., & Seo, M. (2012, June 1). Helpful change: the relationships of organizational inducements and mental resilience to employee’s behaviour and behaviours toward organizational change. Senior high of Administration Journal, 55(3), 727-748. Recovered from

You may also want to consider the following: pondy’s model of organizational conflict


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