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Materials, Management

string(196) ‘ 2008 to 2011 because the bank’s share capital increased from \$948 mil in 2010 to \$1, 013 million this summer and the bank’s reserves also increased by \$21, hundranittiotv? in 2010 to \$ dua puluh enam, 327 in 2011\. ‘

Executive Summary:

This report focuses upon the financial risikomanagement of Saint Charles Traditional bank. When inspecting the bank’s financial assertions it is noticeable that the bank is in a sufficient financial position without many evident financial hazards. The bank have not majorly succumbed to operational and market risk but includes a high price of credit rating and fluidity risk in a few areas.

Yet , when comparing the bank’s functionality with Barclay’s Bank, it can be evident that Barclay’s bank has also succumbed to the same types of risk and this may be common intended for banks who have give loans and improvements to other banks and customers. Therefore, this statement recommends that Saint Charles Bank take up the same insurance plan as Barclays Bank and adopt a rigorous credit score system to deal with its credit risk and minimize its degree of short-term loans and developments to manage their liquidity amidst other suggestions.

Introduction:

After the completion of 2011, it is essential to examine the monetary statements of Saint Charles Bank and determine whether there are any financial dangers that the lender may be probably facing in the foreseeable future. If there are certain risks the fact that bank may face, it is advisable for the lender to formulate an appropriate decide to mitigate against those hazards. Thus, this kind of risk management survey will analyze the economical performance of Saint Charles Bank and then commence with an examination of various risks including capital risk, operational risk, liquidity risk, and market risk of Saint Charles Bank in the years 2008 to 2011 respectively. The report will likely aim to assess the economic performance of Barclays Bank with that of Saint Charles Bank in order to determine what areas Saint Charles Bank is definitely comparatively strong in and what areas may be appearing a potential menace in the future (McNeil, Frey, , Embrechts, 2010).

This statement will begin with an examination of the economic statements of Saint Charles Bank in the years 2008 to 2011 and then start off with a great analysis with the different dangers that the bank is facing including various forms of the bank’s credit risk then its liquidity risk. The report unwell then determine with a summary of the key findings with the report and brief recommendations regarding how the bank a great mitigate up against the perceived threats to it is financial secureness (if any).

Financial Functionality of Heureux Charles Financial institution:

Saint Charles’ Bank’s functioning income and profit affirmation from 2008-2011 shows progress over the years since the bank has become able to increase its net interest cash flow steadily from 2008 to 2011. While the increase in net interest salary from 2010 to 2011 was nominal as profits rose via $7, 387 million to $7, 623, there was still improvement which eliminates concern for monetary risk in this area. Similarly, your bank improved inside the areas of net trading salary, net fees and commissions income, and also other operating income. As a result, the financial institution also a new higher working income prior to impairment loss and taxation than past years. The sole area of concern was that the bank’s impairment deficits on financial loans and developments to additional credit risk provisions acquired higher in 2011 compared to the years 2008 to 2010 amounting to $2, 000 , 000, 000. However , your bank had significantly less other deficits from 2010 in 2011 was showed a marked improvement in the bank’s financial risk position. Your bank showed an increase in earnings before taxation this summer compared to 2010 as income amounted to $5, 151 compared to recently being at $4, 568.

Upon analysis with the bank’s “balance sheet”, it is noticeable that the bank’s cash and balances at the central banks has increased considerably by 2007 nevertheless has lowered to a considerable extent coming from 2010 by $24, 161 million to $18, 131 million in 2011 which may jeopardize the bank’s liquidity location. The bank’s financial resources held at fair value amount to $22, 446 mil from $ 15, 425 million-+ this year which shows that the bank can be investing more in financial assets than it previously was which may be grounds for its decreased cash balance. However , the lender has decreased its purchase in offshoot financial devices from 2010 to 2011. A slight area of concern may can be found in the fact the bank has increased its loans and advancements to banks and financial loans and advancements to some other clients as in 2010, loans and advances to banks amounted to $46, 583 million and in 2011 it amounted to $50, 885 million. The increase in loans and advances to customers was greater as it was at $174, 178 , 000, 000 in 2010 and increased to $198, 292 million this year. This may be the of concern intended for the bank in the realms of increasing its credit risk. The bank’s investment securities include increased coming from 2010 to 2011 nevertheless the bank offers decreased their other resources, current duty assets, and prepayments and accrued salary. The bank has grown its property value in regards to interests in associates, goodwill and intangible assets, home plant and equipment, and deferred tax assets. General, the bank’s total possessions have elevated over the years coming from 2008 to 2011 and amount to $436, 653 , 000, 000.

Another small area of concern when analyzing the bank’s financial position is that the bank’s liabilities include increased through the years in certain crucial areas including deposits by simply banks, increase in customer accounts, debt investments in concern, current taxes liabilities, deferred tax debts, provisions to get liabilities and charges, and retirement benefit obligations. Yet , the bank’s liabilities also have decreased in a few areas that include financial liabilities held at fair worth, derivative economical instruments, other liabilities, accruals and deferred income, and subordinated liabilities and other lent funds. The bank’s total liabilities at the conclusion of 2011 was less than the total amount at the end of 2010 as it amounted to $408, 773 mil in 2011compared to money 412, 373 million this year. Another indication of the bank’s strong financial position is its increase in collateral from the season 2008 to 2011 since the bank’s share capital increased from $948 million in 2010 to $1, 013 million in 2011 and the bank’s reserves likewise increased by $21, hundranittiotv? in 2010 to $ twenty six, 327 this year.

You browse ‘Risk Managing Report: St . Charles Bank’ in category ‘Essay examples’ Similarly, the bank’s group interests increased from $555 million to $ 580 million through the years 2010 to 2011. The bank’s total equity has also improved over the years and amounted to $27, 920 in 2011 in comparison to $ twenty-two, 695 this year.

The bank’s financial position appears to be strong generally speaking but there are some key areas which may create a concern to get the bank’s risk management down the road. The bank’s deteriorating cash balances may pose as being a concern pertaining to an increase in liquidity risk and the fact that your bank has increased loans to consumers and other financial institutions may cause as a matter for credit rating risk in the future. As your bank has diverted many of the assets by cash and other equivalents contact form to purchases of financial securities and other property, the bank has also increased it is market risk to a certain degree (Andersen Bollerslev, T. Christoffersen, P. F , Diebold, 2012).

Nevertheless , as the financial institution has a deteriorating amount of liabilities from year to year and an increasing quantity of possessions, the bank seems to be in a strong financial position presently and the effects of approaching risks may not be as prominent or frequent. The next portion of this survey will examine the bank’s various risk levels independently and identify whether the financial institution is facing a serious menace to succumbing to any from the mentioned dangers.

Operational, Credit, and Industry Risks:

One of the most prominent risk that the financial institution is currently facing is credit rating risk as the bank’s risk-weighted resources holding a degree of credit rating risk will be substantially greater than the bank’s regulatory capital requirement and amount to $173, 315 , 000, 000 in 2011 using a regulatory dependence on $13, 865 million, compared to $ 161, 276 , 000, 000 in 2010 which has a regulatory requirement of $ doze, 902 mil. This embrace credit risk can that are allocated to the bank’s increase in loans to other banking institutions and buyers which as well increases the risk that these banking companies and customers may arrears on their repayments and may not be able to pay their loans backside. The bank is usually facing a particular degree of market risk although the market risk is quite a bit less severe since the credit rating risk since the bank’s regulatory capital requirement stands at $ 1, 593 million and the bank’s risk-weighted assets add up to $ 19, 912. However , the bank’s market risk has significantly increased from 2010 while regulatory capital requirement amounted to 735 million while the bank’s risk-weighted assets amounted to bucks 9, 205 million. This may be because the lender has increased it is investment monetary assets which have increased the bank’s experience of market risk (Cornett, McNutt, Strahan, , Tehranian, 2011).

Saint Charles Bank is usually faced with some degree of operational risk as the regulatory capital necessity in 2011 is definitely $1, 656 million and the bank retains risk-weighted property amounting to $ twenty, 696 even though the bank’s regulating capital necessity in 2010 was $1, 467 million as well as the bank organised risk-weighted possessions amounting to $18, 340 million. However , the bank’s operational risk is still significantly less than the bank’s credit risk and may certainly not pose because serious a threat to the bank because the bank’s credit risk may. Overall, the bank’s total risk level with inclusion of credit risk, market risk, and functional risk is definitely greater this year than 2010 and the bank’s risk-weighted property have also substantially increased from $ 188, 821 million to money 213, 923 million.

Barclay’s Bank as well faces some degree of risks in every single risk category which is noticeable from the bank’s risk account. Barclay’s keeps risk-weighted property amounting to $ 283, 308 million which maintain credit risk while the bank’s credit risk capital requirements amount to dollar 22, 665 million. Barclay’s also retains a higher degree of market risk than Heureux Charles Lender as the bank’s capital regulatory requirements amount to $5, 756 million while the bank’s risk-weighted possessions amount to $71, 951 mil. Similar to Heureux Charles Lender, Barclay’s functional risk seems to be the least since the bank’s capital regulatory requirements compare to $ 2, 859 million and the bank’s risk-weighted assets add up to $ 35, 740 mil.

The bank’s total credit risk features substantially reduced from 2010 as Barclay’s credit risk amounted to $304, 861 million this year but offers decreased this summer which shows that the bank can be controlling the level of credit risk effectively. Moreover, the credit risk of Barclay’s traditional bank is a lot more than regarding Saint Charles Bank. This can be attributed to the fact that Barclay’s holds more capital and has more buyers than Saint Charles Lender which means that they give more buyers and financial institutions loans than Saint Charles Bank does. However , Barclays’ operational and market risk are more or less the same from 2010 to 2011 and have not shown significant changes. Therefore, similar to Heureux Charles Lender, Barclays also holds an important amount of credit risk which means that the financial institution must reduce against these kinds of risks in these future in order to avoid major fails in financial loans (Barclays Expoliar 3 Statement, 2011).

Barclay’s Bank’s high credit risk rating can be attributed to the truth that the lender gives out substantive wholesale and retail loans and improvements, and indulges in offshoot contracts with various clients. Other reasons for the bank’s large credit risk rating result from the bank’s trading activities, debt investments, settlement amounts, available for sale possessions and reverse repurchase financial loans. However , the lender aims to manage these dangers by building a construction of handles to ensure credit-risk taking is dependent on appropriate credit rating risk management concepts, measuring and managing credit rating risk properly in each of the bank’s businesses, controlling and planning credit-risk taking with external stakeholder expectations plus the avoidance of undesirable concentrations. The bank aims to monitor credit rating risk and appropriately the actual relevant regulates set simply by central banks and the government, and ensures that every risk and reward aims are achieved properly (Barclays Pillar three or more Report, 2011).

As there are different rates of exposure to credit rating risk in several businesses or perhaps with various customers, it is important for the bank to ascertain where credit rating risk may be the highest and to apply appropriate policies to curb and mitigate from this risk. It truly is evident by Exhibit 4. 2 that credit risk is top in short term loans and advances which can be for a life long 1 year or less as their credit risk exposure quantities to approximately 62. 6%. It is obvious that credit risk reduces as the maturity length of a loan or advance boosts and the lowest credit risk exposure is good for loans more than five years. This craze was also seen in 2010 which means that it is just a continuous pattern showing that loans which may have a longer maturity level probably default less than loans with shorter maturity periods. Furthermore, it is noticeable that financial loans and advancements given to corporations, corporate, and retail areas are the largest defaulters, whilst loans and advances given to the retail sector will probably default the most after a period of 5 years. However , company and establishments are likely to default more when the loan maturity period features 1 year or perhaps less or when it is inside the range of 1 to 5 years. It is important intended for the bank to devise an appropriate credit risikomanagement strategy appropriately in order to decrease the chances of credit rating risk

Barclay’s Bank as well faced a maximum quantity of credit rating risk exposure from loans and advancements to the corporate and business and full sectors because they amounted to $3, 227 million in 2011 for the organization sector and $1, 571 million to get the retail sector. However , Barclay’s Lender did not manage to have all the credit risk exposure coming from institutions as Saint Charles Bank experienced faced.

In addition there are different amounts of credit risk exposure in various countries and it is thus necessary for a bank to manage it is credit risk appropriately, to be able to prevent an increased default price in any region which would affect the bank’s financial risk overall. St Charles Traditional bank is confronted with the highest credit risk direct exposure rate in Asia since that portions to $257, 197 million in 2011 via $ 232, 202 mil in 2010. This is followed by an increased credit risk exposure level in the USA, UK, and European countries, Middle East and South Asia, and the lowest credit risk direct exposure in The african continent. This can be attributed to the fact that Saint Charles Bank will not provide buyers in Africa with a large amount of loans and advances and does not necessarily need to be attributed to the reason why that people in this geographical place do not default upon loans as frequently. However , the high credit risk exposure charge in Asia may be controlled by the fact the bank gives more loans and developments in Asia than in different regions and Asians can also be probably higher defaulters than people surviving in other geographic regions.

Another section of this kind of report can analyze the bank’s fluid position regarding the bank’s perceived liquidity risk and the implications on this.

Liquidity Risk:

Saint Charles Bank’s liquidity risk increased slightly from your year 2010 to 2011 which implies that the bank have not substantially increased its condition of illiquidity. The resources that asked the highest level of liquidity risk in 2011 included loans and advances to customers and investment securities. Followed by these types of categories of property, the highest amount of liquidity risk existed in loans given to banks. Back in 2010, the overall liquidity risk in 2010 amounted to money 435, 068 million as the total liquidity risk this summer amounted to $ 436, 653 million in the business assets.

Inside the liability section, customer accounts held the best value in posing a liquidity risk followed by build up by financial institutions, debt securities in concern, and other debts. The bank confronts the highest quantity of fluidity risk in the short-term and in the category of 3 months or perhaps less mainly because liabilities go over assets greatly in this time period and the net liquidity space amounts to approximately -$150, 958. This kind of trend was observed in 12 months 2010 along with liabilities exceeded assets which has a net fluid gap of $-117, 591. All future maturity levels showed a good trend while assets surpass liabilities and showed not any problems in liquidity or perhaps an increase in fluid risk. Thus, it is noticeable that the bank has to boost its short-term liquidity location in order to lessen its monetary risk.

Evaluation:

The bank’s financial position seems to be adequate and well-managed plus the bank would not seem to be underneath major economical threats since the bank’s market risk and operational risk appear to be under control and are not cause for major matter for your bank. In comparison to Barclay’s bank, Heureux Charles Traditional bank is also executing adequately inside the fields of operational and market risk. However , the bank’s overall performance has shown considerable concern inside the realms of credit risk. This situation also holds true to get Barclay’s Traditional bank as well (Barclays Pillar a few Report, 2011) and can therefore be caused by the fact that banks carry out hold a great immense volume of credit risk after they give financial loans and improvements to customers and other banks (Hermann, 2011). The bank holds the maximum amount of credit rating risk when offering loans to the selling sector, corporate and business sector, and institutions. In addition, the bank retains the highest experience of credit risk in the geographic region of Asia meaning the bank need to focus upon this area specifically when seeking to mitigate against credit risk. Thus, it is necessary for the financial institution to apply particular policies which supports the bank curb and mitigate against credit rating risks during these key regions of concern (Drehmann , Nikolaou, 2012).

Furthermore, the bank would not show a top degree of matter in the area of fluidity risk. Your bank has a substantive amount of assets to protect for its financial obligations at most maturity levels nevertheless is struggling in terms of fluid in the short term. The financial institution has a very high net liquidity gap inside the category of 3 months or much less in both the years 2010 to 2011. This may cause as a main area of concern for the bank if customers begin to demand their particular deposits back again or the traditional bank is in need of some dough quickly. This may also cause your bank to go in the short term bankrupt if it is unable to raise cash instantly (Hartmann, 2010).

Another main area of concern to get the bank is a current financial scenario in the contemporary organization environment in the years 2008-2011. As the amount of bank defaulters have significantly increased and due to the global economic crisis, the complete business environment is in a major state of decline. Because of this it is essential to get the bank to examine its procedures adequately as much customers probably default within their bank loans and advances. Additionally, the economic crisis has strike certain areas harder than it has hit others, as a result it is also important for the bank to revise its policies in certain geographic locations in order to ensure that no particular area causes the bank huge financial matter (Brownless , Gallo, 2010). Moreover, as the bank’s short term fluidity position is in jeopardy, it is additionally essential for the financial institution to create certain policies which will help that improve the short-term fluid position and stop the bank from experiencing challenges in generating cash flow in the short run (Gillet, Hubner, , Plunus, 2010).

The next portion of this report will recommend specific procedures for the bank to use in in an attempt to improve its financial position.

Bottom line and Tips:

Saint Charles Bank must focus upon improving the credit risk and fluidity risk situation in order to make sure that its economic performance is about the draw. The 1st risk the fact that bank need to mitigate against is the credit risk. Consequently, Saint Charles Bank may well follow the coverage of Barclay’s Bank and adopt an adequate credit rating plan while looking forward to and calculating credit likelihood of different buyers and also different areas. Barclays Traditional bank adopts a rigorous credit rating policy which usually assesses the level of risk linked to providing loans and improvements to various buyers. The bank then allows these customers being provided with financial loans and improvements from the traditional bank on the condition that they satisfy the bank’s stringent requirements (Van Deventer, Imai , Mesler, 2013). Saint Charles Traditional bank can increase its credit risk placement by requesting lower rating customers to supply extra collateral to make their very own loans safeguarded. Moreover, they will also choose a more rigorous rating policy in the areas of Asia, UNITED STATES, UK, and Europe, and maybe the Middle East as well. Your bank may also reduce the number of loans it gives to the retail sector or decrease the maturity moments of these loans in order to decrease the credit risk. The bank may increase the maturity time of loans given to some other clients in order to improve the credit risk as it was found that shorter maturity occasions substantially increased the bank’s credit risk in other buyer categories besides retail stores (Hoyt , Leinberg, 2011).

In order to improve its liquidity location in the short run, the bank may reduce it is investment in long-term investments in order to make sure that it has enough cash found in the period of time of 3 months or less. The financial institution can reduce its level of investment securities and go with keeping more cash deposits in the central bank. Moreover, giving less initial loans can also improve the bank’s short-term fluidity level (Aebi, Samato, , Schmid, 2012).

Thus, this report proves that St Charles Traditional bank does not have a large degree of dangers embedded in the bank’s economic performance and is performing properly in comparison to their counterpart, Barclays Bank. The bank’s fluidity and credit rating risk could possibly be areas of matter for your bank in the future but do not pose a great menace to the bank’s financial statements.

References

Aebi, V., Sabato, G., , Schmid, Meters. (2012). “Risk management, corporate and business governance, and bank performance in the economic crisis. Journal of Banking , Finance. Volume. 36(12) pp. 3213-3226.

Andersen, T. G., Bollerslev, T., Christoffersen, L. F., , Diebold, F. X. (2012). Financial risk measurement for financial risk management(No. w18084). National Bureau of Economical Research.

Barclays Bank (2011) Barclay’s Entender 3 Statement.

Brownlees, C. T., , Gallo, G. M. (2010). “Comparison of volatility measures: a risikomanagement perspective. Journal of Financial Econometrics. Vol. 8(1) pp. 29-56.

Cornett, M. M., McNutt, J. L., Strahan, L. E., , Tehranian, They would. (2011). “Liquidity risk management and credit supply in the financial crisis. Journal of Financial Economics. Vol. 101(2) pp. 297-312.

Cornett, M. Meters., McNutt, T. J., Strahan, P. Electronic., , Tehranian, H. (2011). “Liquidity risikomanagement and credit supply inside the financial crisis. Journal of Financial Economics. Vol. 101(2) pp. 297-312.

Drehmann, M., , Nikolaou, K. (2012). “Funding liquidity risk: classification and measurement. Journal of Banking , Finance.

Gillet, R., Hubner, G., , Plunus, S. (2010). “Operational risk and reputation inside the financial industry. Journal of banking , finance. Volume. 34(1) pp. 224-235.

Hartmann, P. (2010). “Interaction of market and credit risk. Journal of Banking , Finance. Vol. 34(4) pp. 697-702.

Herman, R. Deb. (2011). The Jossey-Bass handbook of charitable leadership and management. Ruben Wiley , Sons.

Hoyt, R. At the., , Liebenberg, A. S. (2011). “The value of enterprise risk management. Journal of Risk and Insurance. 78(4) pp. 795-822.

Jorion, P. (2010). Financial risk management handbook. Global Relationship of Risk Professionals.

McNeil, A. L., Frey, R., , Embrechts, P. (2010). Quantitative risikomanagement: Concepts, Approaches, and Equipment. Princeton University or college Press.

Truck Deventer, M. R., Imai, K., , Mesler, Meters. (2013). Advanced financial risk management: tools and techniques for included credit risk and interest rate risk management. Ruben Wiley , Sons

Glossary of Terms

Detailed Risk:A risk received by an organization’s activities which may include risks associated with systems, persons, and processes. These hazards include fraudulence, legal hazards, and environmental risks (Jorion, 2010).

Market Risk:The risk of economic losses arising from movements or changes in industry prices. It provides equity risk, interest rate risk, currency risk, and product risk (Jorion, 2010).

Liquidity Risk:The risk that assets may not be traded in quickly enough without preventing a damage to cover a company’s current liabilities (Jorion, 2010).

Credit Risk:The risk a borrower will certainly default on his/her payment in any manner (Jorion, 2010).

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