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Environmental Awareness between Prospective Instructors of Himachal Pradesh Doctor Ajay Kumar Attri Lecturer, Deptt. Of Education, MLSM College Sundernagar, Mandi (HP) ABSTRACT The present study was undertaken to compare the environmental awareness of men and female, technology and disciplines and countryside and city prospective instructors of Himachal Pradesh.

The sample comprised 260 (130 male and 130 female) prospective instructors. For the research Environment Recognition Ability Measure (EAAM) was developed and standardised by Parveen Kumar Jha (1998) contained 71 products was used.

It was found that environmental awareness of prospective professors of Himachal Pradesh continues to be almost the same as considerably as effect of gender, stream and area is concerned. This might be attributed to the simple fact that potential teachers of Himachal Pradesh were learning ‘Education pertaining to Human Value, Environment and Human Right’ as a required subject throughout their B. Education course. ADVANTAGES: India is one of the first countries where the constitution recognized the advantages of harmonizing environmental concerns with development.

Article 48A specifically directs ‘The state shall endeavor to safeguard and enhance the environment and safeguard the forest and wildlife inside the country’ and Article 51A (g) enjoins upon Of india citizens a significant duty ‘to protect and improve the natural. The concept environment can be realized in fully of all pieces surrounding the person i. elizabeth. environment may be the sum of most social, neurological, physical and chemical factors which create the surroundings of man. Every single component of these kinds of surroundings creates a resource where man attracts with a view of promoting man welfare.

In accordance to a Statement of a Seminar of Photography equipment Education at Nairobi (1968) “Environmental Education is to produce an awareness and understanding of the evolving social and physical environment as a whole, its all-natural, manmade, social, spiritual solutions together with the realistic use and conservation of these resources for development. CONCEPT OF ENVIRONMENTAL AWARENESS: The void of environmental understanding is becoming global in mother nature. It has likewise drawn the interest of the general public as environmental degradation and pollution happen to be causing a serious threat to survival of mankind.

There are several factors like thinning of ozone layer, creation of ozone gap, over human population of many growing countries, the ever-increasing normal and scientific disasters and threat of chemical and radiation risks are intimidating to eliminate the mankind from the globe. There are 4 major and integrating components of environmental awareness”knowledge, real life circumstance, conservation and sustainable advancement. Himachal Pradesh Government is trying to promote the introduction of an monetarily and ecologically sound eco-system while endeavoring to improve the living requirements of the persons in the express.

The government is usually conscious of the intrinsic value of the environment and of ecological, genetic, social, economic, technological, educational, ethnical, recreational and aesthetic values there of further the us government of Himachal Pradesh is trying to conserve and enhance the environment and stick to policy of sustainable advancement. Being aware of its central function in leading the development on the sustainable matrix, it telephone calls upon persons of Panchayatiraj, Local physiques, institutions as well as the organs of state pertaining to extending their full co-operation in this hard work.

REVIEW OF RELATED RESEARCH: The amount of research studies have been undertaken by investigators upon environmental awareness of students by various amounts of education and findings of the identical are while: Shahnawaj (1990) found that a very high level of awareness been around on the part of educators and learners and also discovered that environmental awareness was more in urban organizations than in the agricultural group. Santipapwiwatana (1991) concluded that awareness of students was sufficient with respect to environment. Gopalkrishan (1992) inferred that children were inspired via nvironmental education. Patel (1994) observed which the male educators with long institution experience of metropolitan area are definitely more aware about the surroundings education. Vashisht (1995) inferred that the amount of awareness was found to be higher in the case of boys as compared with girls. Bala (1996) suggested that degree of awareness of students especially university boys had been satisfactory with respect to environment. Kumari (1999) identified that private school teachers were more aware about environment when compared with government school teachers.

Sharma (2000) indicated that urban learners were even more aware about their particular environment, regarding forests and environment part as compared to country students. Owena (2000) figured the environmental literacy of downtown middle school teachers were nearly satisfactory. Thakur (2003) figured at major stage both the rural and urban pupils are not much aware about environmental situation. Biasan (2005) concluded that both federal government and private university students have the same level of environmental awareness.

Nagra and Dhillon (2006) deduced that Scientific research teachers confirmed higher environmental education consciousness than skill teachers. Nagra, et. ing. (2007) confirmed that secondary school teachers showed significant deviation in environmental education understanding than grammar school teachers. The male and female secondary school instructor showed significant variation in environmental educational awareness. TARGETS: 1 . To learn the significant difference between mean scores of Guy and Female prospective teachers of Himachal Pradesh on environmental awareness. installment payments on your

To investigate the numerous difference between mean scores of Science and Arts prospective teachers of Himachal Pradesh on environmental awareness. 3. To study the significant difference between mean quite a few rural and urban potential teachers of Himachal Pradesh on environmental awareness. IDEAS: 1 . You will see no factor between mean scores of Guy and Female prospective teachers of Himachal Pradesh on environmental awareness. installment payments on your There will be not any significant difference between mean quite a few Science and Arts possible teachers of Himachal Pradesh on environmental awareness.. You will see no significant difference between indicate scores of country and downtown prospective teachers of Himachal Pradesh in environmental consciousness. METHOD AND PROCEDURE: In the present study descriptive survey method of research was used and next method and procedure utilized. POPULATION: All the prospective professors of private M. Ed colleges of Himachal Pradesh constituted the population in the study. SAMPLE: For selecting 260 potential teachers (130 male and 130 female) from the almost 8 private N. Ed educational institutions, method of convenient sampling was adopted.

ADJUSTABLE STRUCTURE: Sexuality, Stream and locale constituted the 3rd party variables whereas Environmental consciousness was the qualifying criterion variable. TOOLS USED IN THE RESEARCH: Environment Awareness Ability Measure (EAAM) was created and standardized by Parveen Kumar Jha (1998) contained 71 things was used. The value of Reliability co-efficient varies among 0. 61 to 0. 84. It absolutely was quite valid as the things in it had already been cured and their articles made relevant by incorporating the suggestions of the various experts. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION:

To try the speculation of the research t-test was performed on the scores of environmental awareness. The summary with the obtained outcomes has been offered in Table-1. It is apparent from the table-1 that the ‘t’-value testing the value of suggest difference among the list of Male and feminine prospective teachers was worked out as zero. 15, which is nonsignificant the two at 0. 05 and 0. 01 levels of confidence, which reflects that mean a mass of Male and feminine prospective educators of Himachal Pradesh will not differ substantially on environmental awareness.

Thus, the null hypothesis that “There will be no factor between suggest scores of total Male and total Female prospective professors of Himachal Pradesh upon environmental awareness is recognized. Thus it might be concluded that Guy and Female prospective teachers avoid differ significantly in their understanding toward environment. Table you Summary in the Statistical Calculations for Obtaining ‘t’-values to find Environmental Recognition among Prospective Teachers of Himachal Pradesh on Gender, Stream and Locale |Group |N |Mean |S.

M. |t-value |Result | |(Prospective | | | | | | |Teachers) | | | | | | |Male |130 |44. 20 |4. 52 |0. 15 | Non-significant at | | | | | | |0. 05 level | |Female |130 |44. 12 |3. 91 | | | |Science |130 |44. 8 |4. 88 |0. 44 | nonsignificant in | | | | | | |0. 05 level | |Arts |130 |44. 05 |3. 45 | | | |Rural |65 |43. 94 |5. 10 | | nonsignificant at | | | | | |0. sixty six |0. 05 level | |Urban |65 |44. 46 |3. 87 | | |

Even more, Table-1 indicates that the worked out ‘t’ worth showing the significant difference inside the mean quite a few Science and Arts potential teachers came out to be 0. 44, that is not significant also at zero. 05 standard of confidence therefore, accepting the null speculation that “There will be simply no significant difference between mean a mass of Science and Arts possible teachers of Himachal Pradesh on environmental awareness. Hence it may be concluded that Science and Arts possible teachers of Himachal Pradesh don’t change significantly about environmental awareness i. elizabeth. they have practically similar awareness toward environment.

Table-1 additional shows that the’t’-value reflecting the importance of suggest difference among the rural and rural potential teachers of Himachal Pradesh was determined as zero. 66, which is non-significant for 0. 05 level of assurance. Thus, the null speculation that “There will be simply no significant difference among mean scores of rural and urban prospective teachers of Himachal Pradesh on environmental awareness stands accepted. As a result, it may be concluded from the above meaning that non-urban and downtown prospective professors of Himachal Pradesh no longer differ drastically at environmental awareness i.. locale would not show much effect on environmental awareness of prospective teachers of Himachal Pradesh. Thus, based on the conclusions, it is inferred that environmental awareness of possible teachers of Himachal Pradesh remains almost the same as far as effect of male or female, stream and locale is concerned thereby displaying that gender, stream and locale will not show much impact on their particular environmental understanding. This may be related to the fact that environmental education has become the important part of college as well as university curriculum.

Same is the case with possible teachers of Himachal Pradesh who study ‘Education pertaining to Human Worth, Environment and Human Right’ as a required subject. This provides them complete awareness regarding environment regarding both stream and sex. Also, our findings receive support through the study of Thakur (2003) which reflected that love-making groups got equal recognition regarding the environment. REFERENCES: Bala, I. (1996) A Study of Environmental Consciousness among Students, M. Male impotence. Dissertation, Section of Education, Himachal Pradesh University, Shimla. Biasan, A. 2005) Comparative Study of Environmental Recognition Among Authorities and Private Supplementary School Pupils in Area Kangra of Himachal Pradesh, M. Impotence. Dissertation, Himachal Pradesh School, Shimla,. Metabolic rate of India (Part 4 Directive Rules of State Policy) , Article 48A Protection and improvement of environment and safeguarding of forests. Gopal Krishan, H. (1992) A direct impact of Environmental Education about Primary Young children, Fifth Review of Research in Education (1988-92), Volume. II, NCERT, New Delhi. Kumari, S i9000. (1999) Research of Environmental Awareness amongst Elementary School Professors. M.

Ed Dissertation, Division of Education H. G. U, Shimla. Maheswari, N. K. and Sharma, M. L. (2004) Education for Values, Environment and Human Rights. Merrut: Surya Newsletter, PP. 1-4. Ministry of Education, Authorities of India (1985) Obstacle of education: a policy perspective. Document C06370 Nagra, Versus. and Dhillion, S. Jaiswinder (2006) Environmental Education Recognition among Secondary School Teachers. Point of view in Education, Vol. 21 years old, No . three or more Nagra Vipinder and Dhillion, S. Jaiswinder (2007) Environmental Education Consciousness among School Teachers in Relation to Level and Male or female. Perspective in Education, Volume. 3, Number 2 Nairobi(1968), Third Seminar of Ministers of Education in Africa Member Claims (MINEDAF III) Owena and Marcia, A. (2001) The Environmental Literacy of Urban Middle School Teachers. Feuille Abstracts International, Vol. 61. No . four Patel, Delip, G., (1994) Environmental Understanding of Primary School Teachers in the Progress of Education, Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume. 58 (10-11), P. 234. Santipapwiwatana, Winyoo (1991), Knowledge and Viewpoints Concerning Environmental Conservation of Prathomsuksa, Half a dozen Students in Amphur, Chaiangkham, Phayao Province, Dissertation Abstracts International, Vol. 2 . Shahnawaj, (1990) Environmental Awareness and Environmental Frame of mind of Second and Bigger Secondary School Teachers and College students, Fifth Review of Educational Research, Craze Reports, vol. I, Fresh Delhi: NCERT. Sharma, Rajeshwar. (2000) A report of Environmental Awareness between Primary University Students, Meters. Ed. Feuille, Himachal Pradesh University, Shimla. Vashisht, K. Narinder (1995) A Study of Environmental Understanding among Young Students, Meters. Ed. Texte, Department of Education, They would. P. U., Shimla.

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