a review of data collection methodologies term
Excerpt from Term Paper:
leadership designs in data at Proctor Gamble and Colgate-Palmolive. The paper will begin with an examination of the different leadership theories. Of particular interest will be surveys that could identify command types. When dealing with leader-member exchanges, the key just for this paper will be to ask both leaders and followers inquiries to determine what command styles will be in use by these two firms. The study technique will be utilized.
You will find four several methods of info collection, which includes questionnaires (surveys), interviews, observations and inconspicuous measures. The questionnaire way for this task has the benefit of being simple to gather and tabulate, in addition to that way it will be fairly inexpensive to assemble large amounts of data. This will make a difference given that the project requires information by many different managers in these two companies. Interviews are more specific, which allows to get the gathering of more potent, more detailed data. Observations can also deliver abundant data, plus they allow the specialist to view with all the same vision. This contrasts with selection interviews and online surveys, where it’s the participant that provides the information; in observation it’s the researcher therefore interpretation is more consistent. Unobtrusive measures are detached, so there is no response bias, and is often simple to gather and quantify.
You will find drawbacks with each of these techniques. The inconspicuous measures only work in which the data exists, which is not often the case. Pertaining to my job, this info is not available, so unobtrusive measures might not be available. Furthermore, observations require a long time to collect, and the paperwork require a large amount of work to process. Findings are the many time-consuming and expensive info to gather, though interviews are not far at the rear of. By contrast, surveys can be comparatively cheap as the respondents may be remote, and respond by their own enjoyment. Interviews and surveys are very similar with these regards, nevertheless interviews need a lot more time to gather the data, since it needs the managers to submit towards the interviews. Both surveys and interviews have trouble with self-reporting tendency, something that would not occur with observations. The bias inherent in self-reporting is a essential issue that undermines both interviews and surveys. Studies also have problems with having established questions; for least interviews allow for the versatility to adapt the questions when required.
The justification for the survey approach lies with the exploratory characteristics of the newspaper. This is an exploratory case study seeking to determine differences in leadership styles among two businesses. This means gathering information coming from leaders about how exactly they understand their own management style, nevertheless also by followers about how exactly they see the command style of all their superiors. This information will be reviewed and as opposed.
Leadership style is suitable for qualitative analysis, rather than quantitative. Not necessarily numerical in nature, although is qualitative in mother nature. It is important pertaining to the effectiveness of the survey which the data collected is in amount, because these are huge companies. The number of the sample needs to be reasonably high in so that it will make determinations about the whole company. Leader-member pairs will be surveyed, and these will have to be chosen at random. From there, the participants will need to be self-selected after having been randomized.
The study questions will have to be based on the literature in order to identify several types of leadership. There are numerous theories, and they are not necessarily contradictory. Indeed, the concept of situational command holds that leadership styles are modified to specific situations. The survey concerns will either be created using existing models to distinguish different command styles, or perhaps they will be built from scratch where no previous models are present. The queries will not be explicit, because the participants either will not be familiar with the terminology, or perhaps the terminology can bias the respondents.
One more justification to get the study technique is that information is usually not available through secondary options. The data will need to be collected specifically for this paper. Where second source data is available, it might usually be acquired in low cost, however in this case which is not possible. Furthermore, there is a have to