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Craving

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Sexual Dependency, Malnutrition, Drug Addiction, Pharmacology

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Health-related

The World Health Organization (WHO) reported that in 2007 there were nearly 33. 2 million people living with HIV on a worldwide basis. Levi is just one particular individuals. The reason behind choosing Levi’s and Steve’s cases to assess is that they play a personal and empathetic part for the researcher, a role that attaches the investigator and the patient(s) due to the maladies that are influencing both Steve and Levi. The study which includes Levi is definitely one that shows a common fate for HIV positive persons, while the one that includes Dorrie is one that the researcher is very acquainted with having witnessed similar tendencies from high school students on a regular basis (the researcher can be described as high school teacher).

Neither Charlie nor Levi are showing true compulsive behaviors, yet , they both are exhibiting addictive behaviors, with Steve’s in the early stages and Levi’s in the advanced stages. In addition , Levi is suffering from the mental aspects of having contracted HELPS and all the strain that comes with that scenario.

Numerous studies have determined the fact that mental suffering suffered with the onslaught from the HIV or AIDS malware takes a hefty toll within the individual.

A single recent examine found that “living with HIV as well as AIDS and a co-morbid mental disease can be extremely demanding and can trigger immense human suffering” (Moosa, Jonsson, Jeenah, Michael, DeWee, 2009, l. 149).

Levi is showing a number of solid signals that indicate mental stress which should be troubling towards the researcher. The Moosa et al. study determined that an effective way for treating people such as Levi was to talk about their mental issues through group therapy.

In fact , that they wrote it is “imperative that most mentally unwell patients with HIV and AIDSbe a member of a social group as it will assist improve faith and functioning” (p. 147).

Both Levi and Steve are also facing added problems with their continuing drug make use of. There have been a number of studies which have found that continued drug use can result in addiction and risky intimate behavior which include poor sterilization techniques, low condom employ during intercourse and other risky sexual tendencies. (Zhang ainsi que al., 2002, Parviz ou al., 2006, Perngmark ain al., 2005, Bakhbakhl et al., 2010).

Levi particularly seems to be in more danger of progressing towards depression and mental disorders that could affect his all around health and well-being.

Joska ou al. found that “people living with HIV and AIDS have an elevated risk of expanding serious mental illnesses as well as the burden of the second chronic illness” (Joska et al., 2008).

The current literature shows that Levi and Sam are not the exception for the rule with regards to drug use, HIV, ASSISTS and mental illnesses. Actually a wide variety of civilizations around the world begin to see the same results as individuals exhibited simply by Levi and Steve, especially in rural and remote areas, or regions of lower earnings and poverty. This is evenly true in areas of the world where malnutrition and satisfactory nourishment is not as accessible as in the developed countries of the world; and adequate nutrition plays a significant role in both Charlie and Levi’s cases. Many people who choose to use drugs will not maintain a wholesome lifestyle total. Oftentimes, these individuals have lower nutritional principles as well. Guaranteeing a good diet is also harder in areas of poverty and malnutrition.

A number of studies have linked lack to extended and exacerbated problems for drug users. Studies have got determined that micronutrient insufficiencies are very common in people with HIV and this such insufficiencies interfere with defense responses. These kinds of studies have determined the deficiencies happen to be linked to a great accelerated advancement of HIV and HIV related conditions (Cunningham-Rundles ainsi que al. 2005, Fawzi the year 2003, Nerad et al. the year 2003, Dreyfuss and Fawzi 2002).

If approaching Steve and Levi’s health issues from a nutritional standpoint, the research demonstrates nutritional surgery should begin early, especially in Levi’s case as he had been diagnosed with the illness. Additionally , “evaluation of nutritional status needs to be conducted frequently and healthy supplementation ought to forma an essential and integral part of the scientific management pertaining to

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