alcoa firm analysis company description term paper

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Aerospace Executive

Industry Examination, Flat Taxes, Ratio Evaluation, Financial Proportion Analysis

Research from Term Paper:

Anemic returns upon capital and fixed assets – the monetary ratio analysis later through this paper makes this point clear; the company is definitely struggling to gain higher levels of asset usage and therefore maximize gross margins and profitability.


Tail wind growth will certainly significantly grow Alcoa’s business – Inspite of the many concerns in the parts of asset usage and profitability, the company is usually well located to take advantage of the growing with regard to their core products, companies, and programs oriented for the aerospace market.

Growth of a global construction sector – Also this is a significant opportunity for Alcoa to keep to expand all the core businesses through demand for construction items in the many rapidly growing industrialized economies globally. This includes the growth in development throughout Chinese suppliers, India and throughout the Pacific Rim 4Q06 Analyst Display (2006).


Automotive and truck progress continues to not work – This can be impacting every single business product of Alcoa today, specifically the folded steel products and the anatomist services divisions. It is awaited that Alcoa will continue to move far from this sector and completely focus more on aerospace require and assignments according to Investor Analyst Day (2006).

Tightening of environmental polices globally – This is also forcing a higher level of costs on all levels of the Alcoa value string and also raising the costs of mining bauxite and obtaining other raw materials.

Increasing energy prices globally – the rising expense of electricity provides a direct effect on above-the-line business profitability, and it is 25% of the cost of aluminum products, generally, for the last three years. Energy costs will be a significant factor the business will have to make up for going into the near future.

Industry Research

As one of the the majority of pervasively applied metals in global development, aluminums’ influence on many industries is definitely central to their abilities to compete. Because of this, aluminum is known as a staple to get the many of the very most advanced industrial sectors including tail wind, automotive production, and many other segments. Figure 2 defines the employment segments for aluminum products per the International Lightweight aluminum Institute.

Determine 2: End Uses of Aluminum

Aluminium is considered reduced metal due to the weight, corrosion resistance, conductive capabilities, and strength. These factors have made aerospace applications of high fascination for the finish use of this kind of metal.

Global Aluminum Demand

While the total growth of aluminium continues to be sluggish at 2 . 7% each year for the past a decade, many analysts including the Intercontinental Aluminum Institute expect above-trend global light weight aluminum consumption development rates of 7% or more in the 2007-2010 timeframe. This can be primarily because of two factors:

The first is as a result of a lower degree of consumption throughout the early 2000-2002 timeframe and the second is a expectation of higher consumption costs in rising regions of the earth including Chinese suppliers.

Aerospace, vehicles, packaging, building, power lines, and customer durables are factors which have been significantly generating the demand for aluminum both equally domestically and globally. The aluminum sector is cyclical; one of its essential bellwethers may be the trend in industrial production. The relationship between western world aluminum ingestion and commercial production expansion has been 65-70% over the past 4 decades.

Alcoa Monetary Analysis

Despite the slow-down in key portions including client plastics and automotive, top-line revenue growth continues strong for Alcoa, as is displayed in the Annual Income Statement Evaluation, shown beneath SEC Submitting (2006).

Alcoa Annual Income Declaration Analysis


Cost of merchandise sold

Selling, general administrative other exps

Research expansion expenses

Provision for downgrading

Restructuring other charges

Disability of goodwill

Special items

Interest expenditure

Equity income

Interest cash flow

Foreign currency benefits (losses)

Net gain (loss)

Count of personnel

Number of common stockholders

The expansion of architectural services is actually a direct reaction to the company’s achievement in selling in the aerospace market, including the advancement customized products and alloys targeted at the unmet and appearing needs of this sector. The growth of Aussie sales is a significant new driver of total revenue progress, accentuated by the exchange price fluctuations favoring the American dollar of the Australian foreign currencies.

The following research of Alcoa Business Sections shows the distribution of income simply by business sector:

Alcoa Business Segment Examination

Business Segments

Primary Metals

Flat-Rolled Goods

Engineered Alternatives

Packaging Client


Extruded End Products

Alumina Chemical compounds

Geographic Examination


The country of spain

United Kingdom




Finally, a comparison of financial percentages shows the strength of the company in the core parts of Return about Equity and corresponding rise in Return on Investment. Precisely what is troubling even so the lack of durability is in Returning on Resources which inspite of a significant within revenues is still at a few. 81%, very well under sector average. In addition , gross margins are fairly flat when compared with overall revenue growth and the operating margin, while spiking in the most current year, features for the most part recently been relatively flat. The company has also stayed concentrate on the funding through organic and natural revenue growth, and as a result all their debt is definitely staying regular relative to elements. Sourcing for these details is by SEC files SEC Submitting (2004), SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION’S Filing (2005) and SEC Filing (2006).

Alcoa Economic Ratio Research

Profitability Proportions

Return about Equity (%)

Return about Assets (%)

Return on Investment

Low Margin

EBITDA of Income (%)

Working Margin (%)

Pre-Tax Perimeter

Net Profit Margin (%)

Effective Tax Rate (%)

Liquidity Signals

Quick Ratio

Current Proportion

Working Capital/Total Assets

Debt management credit counseling

Current Liabilities/Equity

Total Personal debt to Value

Long-Term Debts to Assets

Asset Supervision

Revenues/Total Possessions

Revenues/Working Capital


Trader Analyst Working day (2006) – Introductory remarks to Purchase Analysts during June 15, 2006 Alcoa Investor Time.

Accessed on the internet on Feb 20, 3 years ago from position: the location:

4Q06 Analyst Business presentation (2006) – Presentation by Alcoa Company officials towards the investment expert community. Seen from the Internet about February 20, 2007 by location:

Desjardins Supplies Conference (2006) – Shown by Alain Belda, Alcoa Chairman and Chief Executive Officer. Seen from the Internet upon February twenty, 2007 from location:

SEC Submitting (2006) – Form 10K Filed while using SEC by Alcoa 5 years ago: Accessed from the Internet on Feb 20, 3 years ago from area:

SEC Filing (2005) – Type 10K Filed with the SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION’S by Alcoa in june 2006: Accessed from the web on March 20, 3 years ago from site:

SEC Filing (2004) – Type 10K Registered with the SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION’S by Alcoa in 2004: Accessed on the internet on Feb . 20, 3 years ago from location:

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