anthropology and sociology study composition

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Cultural science

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1 . The sociological perspective, as a way of thinking about the world, comes with the sociological imagination via C. Wright Mills, the beginner’s head from Bernard McGrane, as well as the idea of tradition shock from anthropology. Clarify what all three of these principles have in common.

Response: All three of the concepts share are the notion of breaking down social barriers to find a different perspective on tradition people and behaviors. Every time a person is within a new region where the tradition is different it can be betters to break down walls and keep an open mind they each deal with society and the differences they may have got compared to the a single a person is familiar with.

2 . Sociologists often times have to decide if they are going to adopt a microsociological or a macrosociological approach in just about any given job. Explain how these perspectives differ, paying special attention towards the different assumptions about how society works that are contained inside each point of view. In other words, thinking about the starting point of each perspective, so what do they seek to reveal?

Response: the way in Macrosociology and microsociology change are that they deal with different societal concerns for example Macrosociology deals with problems of bigger groups that affect effect the whole such as medical, war, plus the economy and microsociology searching for more with the small everyday interactions with individuals or perhaps smaller organizations.

To get examples family or schools and other small interactions

three or more. Compare and contrast issue theory with structural functionalism. Pay attention to the way each theory treats the foundation of cultural change.

Response: Conflict theory and strength functionalism are similar in a sense exactly where everyone can agree that somebody or group has more cash or electricity in a world. They are similar in suggestions of a structured society. In which they are different is wherever is stems from the problem of inequality conflict theory is definitely the notion of when people believe that a certain group has to much power plus the resources usually are distributed correctly. Structural functionalism feelsthat for this reason imbalance in power and money (social class, heirarchey, ) there is balance and order in society.

some. Symbolic interactionism is a micro-level approach to sociology. It sees face-to-face relationships as the building blocks of much larger social organizations. Describe how individuals getting together with each other produce larger social institutions. Opt for an example and describe just how specific interpersonal acts may, when repeated by many people, produce large-scale social buildings.

Response: Symbolic interactionism is definitely the process of a micro size situation that deals with actions, meaning, and, change. One example is if I received a new pup and plan to take her on a walk so becomes familiar with her environment, and another person congrats me pertaining to exercising the dog. That meaning affects alter because it now gives me one more to take my own dog out for a walk. My initial reason for choosing my puppy out was so the girl can become familiar with her place if gets lost although because of that discussion with another individual it gave me another reason or meaning for taking her out.

5. Representational interactionism is targeted on communication and meaning. According to representational interactionism, illustrate how important reality is created.

Respone: Meaning ful the truth is not inherent it is not something which is natural or provided meaningful the truth is created through interaction between two or more persons.

6. Strength functionalism attempts to explain the social world through the functions of sociable structures. Explain the types of features that cultural structures can easily fulfill.

Response: structural functionalism can be when compared with that of the body you need most individual parts working together to function properly. For example the food sector. The food sector is a system that allows visitors to buy refreshing produce this method is needed since in a contemporary society where there is not a access to farming and developing their own foodstuff.

7. In accordance to Karl Marx, precisely what is the relationship between your economy and also other parts of world, including intellectual, religious, and political your life?

Karl Marx believes a capitalistic society separates the rich through the poor. organizations that holds the funds hold the capacity to dictate if certain fucntions of world.

8. Describe the main popular features of postmodern cultural theory, and explain both equally positive and negative reactions to these features.

Response: The main features of postmodern social theory is that it can be diverse pluralistic and contingent. The benefits reactions to this theory cognitive relativism which can be summed up to the that conventional reality is illusory and that culture and language make valid and subjective realities. The downsides of postmodernism is that every thing is fragmented there is no buy claims to truth and stability.

on the lookout for. If you were sense very nice to boot manufacturers, you could argue that the manifest function of the development of newer and more expensive athletic shoes is always to increase athletic performance. To get a moment, let’s not be generous. Explain another manifest function with the appearance of new athletic shoes, as well as at least two latent capabilities. Response: an additional purpose of the manifest function could be to display the increased comfort with the shoe with extra footing on the bottom with the shoe among the latent capabilities. Two unintentional latent functions could be the stitching and the top quality of materials on the boot and also the design and how colour work consistently together.

twelve. Identify and describe one of the most pessimistic elements of the theories of the time-honored sociological thinkers”Marx, Durkheim, and Weber. Which presents the most pessimistic eye-sight of modernity? Response: Marx, Durkheim and, Weber all had pessimistic views. Marx believed that most of the electric power and wealth went to organizations and other organizations in electricity. While Weber believed that “contemporary your life was filled with disenchantment.  Weber Desire society to go more to anIndustrial society. he was focused on the work ethic and, productivity of man society. Durkheims Veiw was that no matter what town or place that you are from t people create a genuine. Those bonds maybe distinct because of the region, or cultures but nevertheless bonds are created this individual also experienced that towards a more industrial are bonds were created by work they were performing. 10. As far back as Auguste Comte, the theorist who also coined the term “sociology,  it has been assumed by many sociologists that objectivity is important in studying world. Describe the assumptions surrounding the position objectivity plays in sociology.

Response: reductionism, testability, dimension, reproducibility

12. Every self-discipline that does research about humans has to have a code of ethics in order to protect it is research subjects. While it’s not hard to see that medical research could harm people if not carried out ethically, the risks associated with sociological study may seem even more subtle. Identify these hazards.

Response: the chance of research could stem from the fact that the structure of society might be mislead with wrong data to detect something or possibly a certain condition with the worng information could possibly be detrimental around the function of society.

13. In physics, the Heisenberg uncertainty principle states that to evaluate something is likewise to change that. Sociologists have got observed the same phenomenon”reactivity. Explain the classic sort of reactivity, seen and the result of Elton Mayonaise at the European Electric Hawthorne Plant between 1927 and1932.

Response: the classic example of the reactivity method is when study changes the behaviour of the participant which can replace the productivity from the person or group of people

16. In recent years, ethnography has extended beyond educational and clinical disciplines and is now often used for business purposes. Explain howethnographic methods can help advertisers.

Response: Ethnographic methods may help advertisers mainly because if they will study and research their particular targeted clients and see the actual consumers like and don’t just like they alter their methods on how to advertise their product to enhance business.

12-15. Social research workers, especially ethnographers, sometimes end up faced with challenging moral issues. Chapter 2 describes the truth of the ethnographer John Truck Maanen, who had been subpoenaed to testify about the actions of law enforcement officers he had been studying. What did Vehicle Maanen truly feel was his most important meaning obligation? For what reason?

Response: he felt which the police were starting to maltreatment their power instead of assisting people, they will started to become the bully’s this individual feels we have to watch out for them because they are becoming more aggressive their very own motives have changed via become a community service to more of an ALL OF US versus them mentality.

18. Describe the series of steps that the clinical method or perhaps approach argues will allow research workers to acquire and verify empirical knowledge.

Response: ask something, do research, construct a hypothesis, test out the hypothesis, analyze your data, communicate the results

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