anxiety and panic disorder essay
Everybody has skilled feelings of tension from time to time; and often people receive so stressed, they go to a state anxiety. Anxiety is really a normal human being reaction to anxiety. However , in severe instances, anxiety and panic can be disabling and interfere with daily life. For a teenager, life is previously stressful enough. How does an adolescent, then, live day to day with one or quite a few conditions?
This kind of paper will require an in depth check out what panic, specifically general anxiety disorder (GAD), and anxiety disorder are, signs that just how severe panic and/or anxiety attacks is present in an adolescent, treatment options for the two GAD and panic disorder, and two websites offering advice and treatment for family members with a diagnosed adolescent.
During your stay on island are several types of anxiety disorders including GAD, Obsessive Addictive Disorder (OCD), Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), phobias, and panic disorder, this kind of paper will certainly focus on general anxiety disorder (GAD) and anxiety disorder in the young population.
Before we can discuss any areas of GAD or panic disorder, we must understand just what these two steel disorders will be. Anxiety is definitely the less severe disorder from the two. On the whole, anxiety is present in every person. Feeling restless is a regular circumstance in everyone’s your life and, sometimes, can be beneficial in certain scenarios. Anxiety refers to the brain’s natural respond to danger (Anxiety and Stress Disorders). To most people, this is certainly referred to as each of our “fght or flight response.
When an adolescent is diagnosed with generalized anxiety disorder, or perhaps GAD, the anxiety has been occurring at abnormal levels for at least six months. The anxiousness has no evident trigger, is usually difficult to control, and inders normal daily life (Generalized Anxiety in Referred). Panic disorder is actually a similar, but, more severe disorder than GAD. Panic disorder is definitely diagnosed if the adolescent encounters multiple, unforeseen “panic attacks continuously as time passes. A panic attack is a completely devastating situation.
During an show an individual encounters intense fear, apprehension, or terror, and is often accompanied by an approaching sense of death or insanity (Panic Disorder. NCIB). Panic attacks are actually considered common to a degree, influencing roughly five percent of people at some point within their lives (Panic Disorder. ProQuest). It is the moment multiple anxiety and panic attacks occur during time when a panic disorder medical diagnosis is made. Panic disorder is often present with other mental health problems and/or poor life style choices. Such as GAD, major depression, tobacco employ, alcohol use, drug make use of, and even inherited genes.
These all can easily contribute to and exacerbate symptoms of panic disorder. Generalized anxiety disorder and panic disorder possess similar symptoms, which all of us will look in Generalized anxiety disorder and panic disorder have similar signs and symptoms. GAD is clinically diagnosed when excessive anxiety is constantly present no less than 6 months. Together with the excessive stress and worry, these physical and cognitive symptoms could be present: restlessness, fatigue, attentiveness deficits, irritability, muscle pressure, and sleep problems to name a few. GAD is harder to identify in kids and normally isn’t detected until the teenagers years.
Anxiety in a GAD diagnosed teenage is likely to arise in the presence of normal social, academic, or sports. Fear of View from along with peers hangs heavy on the adolescent’s brain (Connolly, Simpson, and Small 2006). What causes the anxiousness can occur from even more ludicrous concerns as well. This may include concerns of a plague, nuclear warfare, or organic disasters developing. With the mind being boggled from each of the unnecessary concerns by GAD, the adolescent’s academic, cultural, and athletic performance has become at risk of showing signs of damage. Any negative impacts around the adolescent only will escalate the anxiety.
Awful decision making can now occur. 3 common bad decisions are drug, smoking cigarettes, and liquor use. To add insult to injury, if any of these decisions are made, they as well will only intensify the panic from dependency. GAD’s symptoms, however , have less seriousness on efficiency than panic disorder. Panic disorder’s symptoms are more severe and easier to detect. Common symptoms of panic attacks include: heart heart palpitations, sweating, moving, shortness of breath, hyperventilation, choking feelings, chest pain, nausea, dizziness, depersonalization, or feeling a decrease of identity, numbness, chills, sizzling flashes, fear of insanity, and fear of dying.
It is not necessary for the victim to experience all the stated symptoms in a panic and anxiety attack. However , the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders claims that a true panic attack is usually accompanied by at least several of he previously mentioned symptoms. Additionally , the symptoms during a panic attack intensify within the first eight minutes (Matt’s and Ollendick 2002). The symptoms via a panic attack are not any laughing matter. They can give the young helpless. The panic attacks can happen at any minute and make even basic tasks, including driving or eating, extremely difficult.
As mentioned with GAD, social, educational, and athletic performance are at risk; even more so than with GAD alone. Panic attacks have this sort of severity that they may force the adolescent to miss social activities, school, and or sporting events. Drug, cigarettes, and alcoholic beverages use can also be at risk with panic disorder since the young is trying to alleviate symptoms independently. Unfortunately, these will only improve the frequency of panic attacks. So how does an adolescent manage a disorder of this severity? There are better and more effective ways to deal with GAD and anxiety attacks.
While there is not a known get rid of for GAD and anxiety attacks, they can be been able with psychotherapy, medications, or possibly a combination of the 2. One of the more well-known psychotherapies can be Cognitive-Behavioral Remedy (CBT) in which the individual works ith a tuned mental health professional such as a professional, psychologists, or perhaps counselor. CBT has two components. The cognitive aspect helps the adolescent change the way that they perceive their fears even though the behavioral component helps the adolescent change the way they react to circumstances that bring about anxiety symptoms.
The adolescent learns coping methods that reduce stress levels, replace negative or perhaps non-realistic. However , sometimes CBT methods only are not enough to control the symptoms of GAD and anxiety attacks. Sometimes prescription drugs are integrated into the treatment solution. The most commonly prescribed prescription drugs used to handle GAD and panic disorder will be antidepressants. There are lots of classes of antidepressants utilized to treat these disorders including Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRls), Tricyclics, and Monoamine Oxidase Blockers (MAO’s).
SSRls are the newest class of medications and tend to have fewer unwanted side effects than the various other classes of antidepressants. They will work simply by altering the amount of a brain chemical in the mind called serotonin. Some examples of SSRls are Prozac, Zolaft, Paxil, Celexa, and Lexapro. A popular Tricyclic ntidepressant medication prescribed to treat panic disorder is definitely imipramine, or perhaps Tofranil. Adolescents taking MAOIS must be very careful to avoid certain foods and avoid consuming red wine. Additionally, they cannot have many prevalent medications mainly because they can cause life-threatening drug interactions.
Besides antidepressants, anti-anxiety drugs will be another category of medications which can be helpful in managing symptoms of severe anxiety or perhaps panic. Nearly all are Benzodiazepines, which can be usually approved for short term use due to the risk of dependence in prolonged use. A few examples are Xanax, Ativan, and Klonopin (Generalized Anxiety Disorder in Children). Today, there are a large number of websites giving support and resources for children diagnosed with GAD and/or anxiety disorder. However , we should be careful in knowing the trustworthiness of these websites.