avian bird flu the avian term paper
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The chance to human beings is generally low, however during any break out of Avian Flu between poultry, often there is a possible risk to individuals who have exposure to the infected birds and surfaces contaminated with excretions from the infected fowl (Avian1). The current outbreak of H5N1 among chicken in Asia and European countries is an example of a bird flu outbreak that has brought on human infections and fatality (Avian1). In rare instances, limited human-to-human propagate of H5N1 virus has occurred, however transmission has not been observed to carry on beyond one individual (Avian1). Since all influenza viruses can change, scientists are concerned the fact that H5N1 virus could mutate and invade humans using a strain that may easily distributed from one person to another (Avian1).
Furthermore, in line with the CDC, because these infections do not typically infect individuals, there is little or no immune protection against them inside the human population, as a result if the H5N1 virus were able to infect human beings and propagate easily from person to person, an autorit? pandemic, or perhaps worldwide outbreak of disease, could begin (Avian1). Nobody can predict every time a pandemic might occur, nevertheless experts by around the world happen to be monitoring the H5N1 condition in Asia very closely and they are preparing for the possibility that the computer virus may begin to spread more readily and broadly from person to person (Avian1). Although the H5N1 virus at present in Asia is resistant to the two antiviral medications, amantadine and rimantadine, two various other antiviral prescription drugs, oseltamavir and zanamavir, are believed to be effective for the H5N1 virus, even so the CDC warnings that further studies still need to be required for order to demonstrate their efficiency (Avian1). Presently there is no commercially available vaccine to guard humans against the H5N1 malware that is being seen in Asia and The european countries, but shot development hard work is taking place (Avian1). In fact , research studies to test a vaccine that will protect individuals against H5N1 virus began in 04 2005, and a series of trials is ongoing (Avian1).
The latest risk through the H5N1 virus to Us citizens is low, and even though the virus stress has been seen in Asia and Europe, to date it has certainly not been found in the Untied States and there have been simply no human situations of H5N1 flu reported in the U. S. (Avian1). However , it is possible that travellers returning via affected countries could be contaminated if these people were exposed to the virus, therefore since Feb 2004, medical and public health officials have been tightly watching to look for any such instances (Avian1). And it was in February 2005 that the CDC provided U. S. wellness departments with recommendations for enhanced surveillance inside the U. S i9000. Of the Bird H5N1 (Avian1). Follow-up emails, distributed by the Alert Network, were provided for the health departments in August 2005 and once again in Feb . 2005, both reminding representatives about how to detect, detect, and prevent the spread of the Avian influenza A H5N1, as well as advised measures intended for laboratory assessment for the H5N1 computer virus (Avian1).
The CDC currently advises that travelers to countries with known episodes of H5N1 to avoid fowl farms, connection with animals in live food markets, and any surfaces that appear to be infected with waste from fowl or additional animals (Avian1). At this time, the CDC does not recommend virtually any travel restrictions to influenced countries (Avian1).
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is usually taking part in several pandemic reduction and preparedness activities (Avian1). The CDC is providing management to the Nationwide Pandemic Influenza Preparedness and Response Activity Force that was created in May 2005 by the Secretary from the U. H. Department of Health and Human being Services (Avian1). It is also working together with the Relationship of Public welfare Laboratories in training training courses for express laboratories around the use of particular techniques to determine H5 viruses, and the Authorities of Express and Local Epidemiologists to aid states with the pandemic organizing efforts (Avian1). The CDC is aiding other firms such as the Office of Protection and the Experienced Administration on antiviral amass issues (Avian1). The CDC is also executing laboratory tests of H5N1 viruses, and working with WHO ALSO and the Countrywide Institutes of Health in safety screening of vaccines (Avian1).
Avian1 Influenza. Retrieved November 01, 2005 by Centers to get Disease
Control and Elimination Web site: http://www.cdc.gov/flu/avian/gen-info/avian-flu-humans.htm
Avian Autorevolezza. Retrieved The fall of 01, june 2006 from Globe Health Business Web site: http://www.who.int/csr/disease/avian_influenza/avian_faqs/en/index.html#whatis
History1 from the Avian Flue. The Avian Flu Website. Retrieved The fall of 01, 2006 at http://www.avian-flu-info.org/history_of_bird_flu.asp
History of Bird Flu. Gathered November 01, 2005 for http://www.ringsurf.com/info/Medicine_and_Health/Avian_Flu/History_of_Avian_Flu