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A. Embryon cerials — rice, hammer toe, wheat. sorghum, barley, rye/millet B. Pulses— beans, peas, lentils C. Fruits 1 ) Tropical—banana, pineapple, mango, papaya, avocado, breadfruit 2 . Sub-Tropical— citrus, olives 3. Perishable Fruits—apple, grapes, pear some. Stone fruits—peach, cherry, apricot 5. Berries—-strawberry, blueberries M. Melons and Squashes—cantaloupe, watermelon, squash At the. Vegetables 1 . Leaf and stem—- cabbage, pechay, kangkong, lettuce, celery 2 . Root—- carrot, radish 3. Seeds—green peas, mongo, green coffee beans 4. Fruits— tomato, egg plant, cucumber 5.

Flowers— cauliflowers, clown blossom, squash flower, brokkoli F.

Tubers— potatoes. nice potaoes, cassava, yam G. Nuts—- Cashew, almond, peanut, formally is a legume pine, pili nut pictachio L. Fungi— mushrooms, taingang branda J/ Oilseeds—- coconut, palm oil, soybeans, peanut, olive, sesame K. Seaweed— agar, carrageenan, lato. Kulot III. PET PRODUCTS 1 . Milk—cow, carabao, goat, lamb, camel, elefant 2 . Various meats and Entrails Domesticated— meat and veal, pork, mutton, goat rabbit, dodg. Equine, game, venison-deer, 3.

Poultry— chicken, poultry ducks, geese, quail, 4. Eggs— chicken, duck, turtle 5. Fish—(flesh, roe, liver) bangus, sardine, tune, mackerel, shark, carp, tilapis, catfish 6.

Shellfish—- 1 . Crustaceans— crab, lobster, shrimps, prawns 2 . Molluscean—- oyster, clam scallop, squid, cuttlefish, octopus, snail IV. FOOD AND HEALTH Foods are options for substances referred to as nutrients that rae in charge of the physical roles of food to offer energy, build and restoration tissues and regulate body processes. The main group of nutrition are drinking water, proteins, fats and sugars, minerals and vitamins. V. FOOD SECURITY 1 .

Classification The problem of food sterilization and finally of foodstuff safety is not confined to food control plants and public dining establishments only but include our very own homes and kitchen too. To minimize or perhaps prevent the incident of foodstuff poisoning about infection, we have to of mindful of the characteristics in the different kinds of meals poisoning and infections plus the prevention and curative actions for each kind. 2 . Ways of preventing Foodstuff Poisoning A. MICROBIOLOGICAL BEGINNING Microbial poisoning is the most prevalent cause of foodstuff poisoning. Organisms readily grow in foods, since conditions essential for their development are preferred.

The following consequences of microbes growth happen to be readily visible in food. 1 . Foodstuff spoilage installment payments on your Food borne disease several. Altered features of food as in fermentation. B. BIOCHEMICAL ORIGIN Several plants and animals which includes marine pets or animals have been located to contain some matters which are harmful to man. Among plant life, those discovered to have the the majority of toxic matters are all those high in healthy proteins particularly the legume and nut group. C. CHEMICAL POISONING Chemicals may cause untoward reactions when ingested in unusual sums or used for purposes for which they were not really intended.

Insect sprays are meant to control agricultural harm, for example nevertheless through negligence, may find their very own way for the food. To prevent accidental toxic contamination of this characteristics, chemicals and also other poisonous things should be effectively identified. G. PHYSICAL RISKS IN MEALS Physical problems are things that may be within foods which may cause injury. Strictly speaking, these types of may not be grouped as food poisoning however it is certainly since important thought in meals safety. Instances of physical problems in meals are the following…. Bone splinters, stones, bigger plastics bits, twigs, cracked glass, material strips, buttons.

These items could possibly be found in food because of carelessness in food handling. Rocks are common physical contaminants in rice although staple line are commonly found in bread. M. PERSONAL CARE PRACTICE The meals handler in your home kitchen is capable of dispersing infections to as many people as the proverbial “Typhoid Mary” would during her time. It is vital for each person handling foodstuff to have practice personal hygiene. 1 . Clean hands and nails just before handling foods. 2 . Put on clean garments 3. Use hairnets to prevent hair going to the food. 4. Avoid controlling food once you have a cold or an contagious wound or perhaps disease.

your five. When handling food, take out rings or bracelets that can be possible types of contaminations of food. 6. plastics gloves should just be used once hands already are thouroughly cleansed. 7. Smoking cigarettes, eating, and drinking also need to be averted while organizing food, because this practice mey business lead into microbe contaminations. almost 8. Above all personal habits ought to be practiced wherever you are. –bathe daily — by no means sneeze nor cough near food –never touch hair or any part of your body when handling food. E. PROPER FOOD HANDLING PRACTICES 1 . Select food properly.

Get meat, seafood, pork, fruits, and vegetables from trustworthy dealer. installment payments on your be careful in eating foods which might be fresh. Clean fruits and vegetables prior to eating all of them. 3. Wash hands with soap and water prior to handling foodstuff especially after visiting the toilet, handling dirt pans, originating from streets or even using a handkerchief. 4. Processed goods mau contain infected foods. Usually do not accept containers if they exhibit this characteristics. \ –leakage –rust –dents 5. In saving foods, constantly follow FIFO “first in first out”. 6. Pesticides and Chemicals should be locked within a cabinet.

7. Work in a clean place. keep function surfaces clean. 8. Only use clean utensils. 9. set a habit to use tasting tea spoon for sampling food. Do not return the spoon towards the food after it has been for the mouth. 10. Freeze to retard the expansion and chemical action for any longer period. 11. Serve and shop food in clean pot. D. CORRECT DISWASHING METHODS Washing meals is a routinary task, quite necessary for the day to day living. It would be useful therefore to learn the most successful, effective and sanitary method of dishwashing. 1 . Remove significant scraps having a rubber scraper 2 . Rinse or soak pans and other utensil because used.

Soak those with sweets, syrup, or perhaps fats in hot water and the ones with cooked properly or uncooked starches or perhaps proteins in cold normal water. 3. Stocks and shares the dishes in the proper buy namely a glass wares initially, then cutlery next, then simply china wares, utensils previous. Stock those to the right of the sink in order that progresses via right to remaining. 4. Rinse the glasses first. a few. Wash the silver products. 6. Wash the china and tiawan wares six. Wash the utensils last. VI. FOOD PREPARATION TERMS AND COOKING CONDITIONS 1 . BAKE—to cook within an oven or oven type appliance. installment payments on your BASTE—To dampen the surface of meat or other foods while cooking to add taste and to prevent drying with the surface.

several. BEAT—to generate a mixture smooth or to present air in a mixture simply using a brisk, standard lifting action. 4. BLANCH—(precook) tp preheat in hot water or vapor. 5. BLEND—to mix thouroughly two or more substances. 6. BOIL—to cook in water or perhaps liquid mainly water through which bubbles rise continually and break on the surface. 7. BRAISE—to make slowly within a covered Products in a small amount of liquefied or in steam. eight. BREAD—to coating with bread crumbs, being unfaithful. CARAMELIZE—o heat sugar or foods that contain sugar right up until a dark brown color and characteristics flavour develop because of a slight burning of sweets. 10.

CHOP—to cut in to small pieces with a sharp tool or possibly a knife. 14. DICE—to cut into cube. 12. DREDGE—to sprinkle or coat with flour or other fine substances. 13. FLAKE—to independent layers of food like cooked rooster flesh. 13. FRY—to prepare food in fat 15. GARNISH—to decorate food with tiny portions of colorful foods just like celery, parsley, tomatoes. of sixteen. GRATE—to shred by rubbing the food against rough or slightly punched surface. 18. GRILL—to make In a grid iron or perhaps similar utensils, over a temperature source. 18. GRIND—to reduce to excellent particles by simply cutting or perhaps crushing. nineteen. KNEAD—to manipulate a mixture for example a dough with pressing motion accompanied by folding and stretching.

20. MARINATE—to soak foodstuff in a seasoned liquid 21 years old. MELT—to liquefy by heat in cheese or to reduce in a solvent such as sugar in drinking water. 22. MINCE— to cut or perhaps chop into very small items. 23. MIX—to combine substances in any way to effect also distribution. twenty-four. PAN FRY—to cook in small amount of excess fat 25. PARE—to cut off exterior covering 26. PEEL– to strip from the outside masking. 27. SAUTE—to brown or cook in small amount of excess fat. 28. SHRED—to ccut or tear foodstuff in long slim pieces.. 29. STEAM—to make in steam with or perhaps without pressure. 30.

WHIP— to beat rapidly to create expansion due to incorporation of air while applied to cream, eggs. VII.. KITCHEN TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT I.. TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT USEFUL IN THE PREPRATION OF FOOD JUST BEFORE COOKING A. Measuring and weighing Products 1 . measuring cups a. dry materials b. Liquid ingredients 2 . measuring yard 3. measuring spoons some. dietetic weighing scales B. Utensils and Supports for Cutting, Paring, Chopping, Pounding 1 ) Can opener 2 . Chopper 3. Corer 4. Trimming board 5. Food mill 6. Grater and shredder 7. Mill 8. Snow pick 9. Juicer twelve. Kitchen cutlery 11. Kitchen sharpener 12. Kitchen shears 13. Mortar and pestle.

14. Potato peeler 12-15. Utility plates, bowls and tray. C. Tools intended for Mixing, Blending, Straining, and Rolling 1 ) Blender installment payments on your Colander several. Egg beater 4. Flour sifter five. Mixer, (electric) 6. Moving pin 7. Rubber scraper 8. Placed spoons 9. Turner 15. Utility china II. GEAR FOR SURFACE OR TOP RATED OF RANGE COOKING AND THEN FOR BAKING A. Surface or perhaps Top Food preparation 1 . Bread toaster 2 . Coffee maker 3. Frying baking pan 4. Griddle 5. Home tongs 6. Pressure cooker 7. Marinade pans almost 8. Steamer being unfaithful. Waffle flat iron B. Baking Utensils 1 . Baking cookware 2 . Wedding cake cooler VIII.. FRUITS AND VEGETABLE CARVING IX. FLOUR AND FLOUR MIXTURES my spouse and i 1 . DEFINATION.

FLOURS will be powdered products made from milling or mincing cereal cause, root crops, legumes and other starchy food., MARKET VARIETIES OF WHEAT FLOURS 1 . Wheat grains flour. also called as graham or entire wheat flour, this kind of contains the components of wheat nucleus in its unique proportion. 2 . Bread Flour. This is machine made from hard wheat and blends. It truly is fairly loaded with its protein content which usually ranges by 12 to 14% other name strong flour several. All purpose Flour. it really is used for practically all food preparation purposes. Its characteristics will be intermediate between bread and cake flour.

4. Cake Flour. This really is known as smooth flour it can be made from smooth wheat. their higher starch and reduce gluten articles, cake flour is suitable for delicate textured truffles. Flour blends are mixes of water and flour with other ingredients in certain sums intended for a certain product. Batters are flour mixtures that could be poured in a steady stream called pour batters or perhaps in heavy drops.. known as drop batters. Dough will be viscous flout mixtures that may be handled because the amount of flour per cup of liquid is definitely 50 to 100 % more than what is use to get the batter. Soft Doughs are still gross to the touch although stiff doughs are smooth and can be folded and minimize easily.

CHIFFON CAKE Ingredients: 2 0.5 cup cake flour 1T baking natural powder 1t sodium? cup refined sugar six egg yolk? cup essential oil? cup drinking water 8 computers egg whites? t cream of tartar? cup processed sugar HARD BOILED ICING some egg white wines 1 to cream of tartar two cups of sugar 1 t vanilla PROCEDURE 1 ) Pre warmth oven installment payments on your Line pan with feel paper 3. Sift flour measure and sift once again together with baking powder, sugar and salt 4. Produce a well in the centre. add yolk oil, and water and vanilla five. Mix well(using wire beat, wooden spoon or electric powered mixer) reserve 6. In another bowl, conquer egg whites with cream of tartar until foamy. gradually add sugar, continue beating till stiff six.

Cut and fold mixture into meringue 8. Dump into prepared pan being unfaithful. Bake by 350 N for 30-45 minutes or until completed 10. Let to awesome CARROT PASTRY Ingredients some cups all purpose flour 1 cup butter 2? cup sugar 6th Eggs a couple of T baking powder? tsp salt one particular t vanilla 1 cup milk 1? glass grated carrots PROCEDURE 1 . Measure sifted dry substances and mix jointly 2 . Cream butter. add sugar gradually and continue creaming several. Add ova and vanilla 4. Add dry materials alternately with milk in the egg blend until well blended five. Add grated carrots 6.

Bake on a prepared pan. X.. FISH AND SEAFOOD PRODUCTS INTRO The term fish encompasses a extensive assortment of aquatic animals. Generally, fish consider vertebrate or perhaps finfish. On the basis of anatomical distinctions another class are cover fish which have instead of a bones or backbone, a hard layer on the outside in the soft cells They crustaceans and mollusks. crustaceans like crabs, lobster and shrimps are encased in a chitinous armour which in turn being segmented gives the beast power of chiflado motion. The majority of mollusk are bivalves abalone, clams, mussels and oyster. NUTRITIONAL NEED FOR FISH.

Seafood is an excellent source of protein, ant is compatible with meat in both equally quantity and quality. Fish rich in body fat, provides strength and is easy to digest. Ocean fish make the perfect source of iodine and phosphorous but reduced iron and calcium. Processed fish which will undergoes pressure processing by 15 lbs Steam pressure contain a great appreciable volume of calcium supplement because the bone tissues are rendered edible. MARKET FORM OF FISH 1 . Live fish installment payments on your whole or perhaps round seafood 3. Driven fish— entire fish with entrails taken off. 4. Attired fish—has bees scaled and eviscerated. your five. Fillets—are two meaty attributes of the seafood cut from your backbone.

6th. Deboned— 7. Steaks eight. sticks 9. flaked SEAFOOD COOKERY 1 ) Dry high temperature Cookery a. Broiling um ihaw b. Baking c. Frying g. Toasting installment payments on your Moist temperature Cookery a. paksisw bist du isda b. sinigang em isda c. sinaing o pangat (cook in claypot) SHORT TEST 1 . How come fish cook faster than beef or perhaps pork? BLEND FRIED SQUID Ingredients: two hundred and fifty grams washed and skinned, cut in desired size 1 clove garlic minced 1 t onion minced 2-3 Big t oyster marinade Salt and pepper to taste Sliced spring red onion for toppings 1T coking oil PROCEDURE; 1 . Temperature oil in pan, saut garlic, red onion until a little bit brown.

Advertising the squid and cooked until soft color. 2 . Add the oyster spices And prepare for another 2 – 3 mins. Time of year with sodium and self defense 2 . Take out squid for the pan and place in a appetizer plate. Leading stir toast squid with chopped onions. XI.. MEAT I. DEFINATION Meat refers to the muscles of animals used as meals. it includes the glands and organs of those animals such as tongue, lean meats, heart, kidney. The three pets or animals commonly trained for various meats in most countries of the world would be the ox to get veal, and beef, lamb for lamb and mutton and pig for pork.

Veal is definitely the meat coming from calf whilst beef is a meat from older ox. lamb is usually meat by young sheep while beef is meats from the elderly animal. 2.. NUTRITIONAL IMPORTANCE OF MEAT Lean is an important source of high quality necessary protein which amounts on the common to 18% of the meat. Meat can be regarded as an important source of nutritional vitamins B1 and B2 pig exhibiting much higher percentage of B1 than other meat. It is also an excellent source of straightener and phosphorous. Liver is particularly rich in straightener and is concentrated source of Nutritional A. MARKETPLACE FORMS OF MEATS 1 . CLEAN MEAT… this meat right after slaughter with no undergoing chilling.

2 . COOLED MEAT…. can be meat that is cooled to a temperature just above freezing within twenty four hours after slaughter 3. FROZEN MEAT.. are meat slashes frozen for an internal temperature of -2*C. 4. HEALED MEAT… will be meat items that has been remedied with a curing agent. your five. PROCESSED MEAT…canned and freezing products including corned gound beef and luncheon meat arreglo and other local food plans are quite well-liked. MEAT COOKING Meat is definitely cooked pertaining to various reasons. 1 . To enhance its palatability quality installment payments on your To increase pain 3. For sanitary purposes. SHORT TEST 1 . Differentiate between gound beef and lamb.

PAN BARBEQUED BEEF TENDERLOIN Ingredients: 100 grams gound beef terderloin Salt and pepper 1 To vegetable oil METHOD; 1 . Time beef with salt and pepper installment payments on your Brush with oil and pan grill depending on the donenesss required a few. Prepare platter for grilled beef. 4. Present XII.. POULTRY We. DEFINITION Poultry refers to the number of kinds n fowl used as meals and term includes poultry, turkey, duck, pigeon, quails. This are generally domesticated chickens raised in hopes of meat and eggs. II. NUTRITIONAL IMPORTANCE OF POULTRY Chicken like fish and pork, contains an abundance of high quality of proteins.

The minerals and vitamins content of chicken is similar to that of fish and red meat. 3.. POULTRY COOKING Poultry can be cooked to enhance its palatability and pain and to eliminate any bacteria or organisms present. Chicken should always be cooked thoroughly, mainly because poultry is of course contaminated with salmonella bacterias, one of the major reasons for food paid for illness. 1 ) Moist heat cooker installment payments on your Dry warmth cookery BREADED CHICKEN( fillet, lollipop and deboned) Ingredients: 1 personal computer breast fillet 2 personal computers wings one particular pc deboned leg Calamansi White pepper Salt Flour Egg wash(eggyolk and water or milk) Bread breadcrumbs Cooking petrol.

PROCEDURE; 1 ) Add calamansi in breast fillet, then simply season with salt and pepper. 2 . Marinate for 5 mins. 3. Dust the marinated breast fillet onto the flour employing your left hand. 5. Dip the flavored breast fillet on prepared egg wash utilizing your right side. 5. Finally, roll the dipped breasts onto the bread breadcrumbs again utilizing your left hand. 6th. Chill the breaded rooster for 15 mins. six. Cook the chilled breaded chicken right up until well done. NOTE:, deep frying for lollipop, deboned hip and legs Pan baking for breasts fillet XIII.. EGGS I actually. INTRODUCTION Eggs are poultry products by chicken, duck and quail that are enjoyed as food.

Chicken eggs in the most generally consumed sort of egg in the world while duck in the next well-liked. II. FORMULA AND NUTRITIONAL VALUE OF EGG Eggs are very important protein foods comparable to reddish colored meats, seafood and poultry. Fresh eggs contain practically all of the vitamins apart from ascorbic acid. (vitamin C). They are also significant sources of iron, phosphorous and trace minerals. The yolk can be described as particularly significant and superb source of iron and riboflavin and adds and Supplement A to the diet. The Vitamin A content depend upon which feed of the laying chicken and is not related to the yolk color intensity.

Among food, egg yolk is the richest supply of cholesterol, a substance implicated in heart problems. Eggs provide a well balanced way to obtain nutrients. They are often prepared in several interesting techniques providing appealing and highly acceptable foods as well as snack foods of relatively low calorie rely. III. EGG SAFETY AND QUALITY STORAGE AREA *** refrigerate at 45*F or listed below *** Store away from strong odors *** Rotate—first in first out MANAGING *** Rinse hands *** Use only clean and uncracked ovum *** Work with clean, sanitized utensils and equipment PREPARING *** Prepare food eggs extensively *** Keep cold egg dishes beneath 40*F.

*** Hold warm egg meals above 140* *** Under no circumstances leave egg dishes in room heat more than one hour. MAYONNAISE Ingredients: 2 personal computers eggyolk one particular T vinegar, calamansi two t dried out mustard 1 cup corn olive oil Salt and pepper to taste PROCESS: 1 . Combine the yolks, vinegar and mustard within a bowl. Blend them well with a ballon whip until the mixture is usually slightly foamy. 2 . Little by little add the oil within a thin stream, constantly conquering with mix, until the petrol is incorporated and the mayonnaise is heavy. 3. Adapt the flavor with salt, pepper and ” lemon ” juice. some. Refrigerate the mayonnaise instantly. Use since desired XIV. VEGETABLES I.

DEFINATION The culinary technique of distinguishing fruit and vegetables from fruits is by advantage of use: fresh vegetables are dished up with the meals as viand or salad. Vegetables will be plants or parts of crops such as beginnings, tubers, light bulbs, stems, locations, leaves, fruits, and blossoms used organic or grilled, served generally with the diele or in salad however, not as delicacy. II. CLASSFICATION OF VEGETABLES Vegetables happen to be classified in respect to elements of plant utilized, chemical structure, and nutritive value. A. ACCORDING TO PARTS OF HERB USED. 1 ) ROOTS—— happen to be underground elements of plants. Cases of these fruit and vegetables are kamote or fairly sweet potato.

Kamoteng kahoy or cassava, carrot, taro, radish etc . installment payments on your TUBERS—are brief, thickened, fleshy parts of an underground control such as potato. 3. BULBS——are under ground buds that ssend down roots and they are made up of an extremely short come covered with layers. Contained in the group of garlic, leeks, red onion, and shallots. 4. SEEDS___are parts from where a new grow will grow. They are termed as pulses or legumes and include beans such as mongo, garbansos, chich pea, kidney espresso beans, patani, soybeans, white beans. 5. ORIGINATE AND SHOOTS—are stalk supporting leaves, bloom or fruits. these include oatmeal.

Tankay ng gabi, bamboo sheets shoots, malunggay, coconut pith. 6. LEAVES—-include alugbati, dahon ng ampalaya, talbos ng kamote, kangkong, and all people of red onion family nevertheless different simply in size of stems like shallots, leeks, scallion and spring red onion. 7. FRUITS— include ampalaya, upo, sayote pipino, talong patola, kalabasa, kamatis, siling hindi maanghang, siling labuyo, and siling maanghang. W. ACCORDING TO CHEMICAL COMPOSITION 1 . Carbohydrate-rich—such as seed products, roots, and tubers 2 . Protein – rich—— consist of seeds including legumes and pilse. just like mung coffee beans and soy beans. several. Fat- rich—– such as nuts, olives and avocado.

5. High water content—such because mushroom, kamatis, celery, cauliflower, labanos lettuce, and cabbage. B. IN ACCORDANCE TO NUTRITIVE VALUE Vegetables may possibly be method to obtain protein, vitamins or nutrients. They are mostly sought to get because of their viramin A, supplement B, or perhaps vitamin C content. JOB: Give the The english language name in the following fruit and vegetables: 1 . alugbate 2 . kangkong 3. patola 4. petsay 5. sayote 6. upo 7. gabi 8. saluyot 9. pako 10. malunggay BUTTERRED APPLES Ingredients:? kilo snow peas several cloves garlic clove chopped? sized onion? cup sliced chicken breast 1 cup shelled shrimps? cup shrimp juice 2 teaspoon butter.

2 pcs celery sliced in to cubes one particular pc sayote sliced into cubes one particular can corn kernel Salt to style. PROCEDURE; 1 ) Blanch every vegetables to get 3 mins and set besides., 2 . Saute onion and garlic, put chicken make till soft add the shrimp drink. 3. Put the shelled shrimps. 4. Add the all fresh vegetables and corn kernel, ze 5. Period with sodium. 6. Provide BUTTERED MIXED VEGETABLES Ingredients: 50 grams celery, cut into desired orientation 50 grams cut into ideal size about 50g sayote, minimize into preferred size and shape Salt butter METHOD: 1 . Cooked properly mixed fruit and vegetables using blanch and chill. 2 . Dissolve the butter then add the pre cook fresh vegetables.

XV. FATS AND ESSENTIAL OILS I.. DESCRIPTION Fats and oils happen to be chemically a similar, but in common usage, excess fat are sturdy while herbal oils stay the liquid at room temperature. They will belong to the chemical category of ingredients called fats. Fats and oils lso are obtained from both plants and animals options; only individuals from plants and bad cholesterol free. Body fat from plant life sources offer important essentials fatty acids which can be precursors for any group of hormone like ingredients that control a variety of physiological functions. III. USES OF FATS A. FRYING N. SHORTENING C. TABLE MAKE USE OF D. SALAD DRESSING SHORT QUIZ: 1 . What is visible fat? Invisible fat?

LIGHT ROUX Elements: 10 grms flour twelve grams clarified butter PROCESS; 1 . Melt butter installment payments on your Add flour and blend until excess fat and flour are carefully mixed several. Cook to required level for white roux. Preparing food is done top marks sauce griddle on idea the oven and roux is stirred for possibly cooking. Employ moderate beat for white-colored roux. WHITE COLORED CREAM SAUCE Ingredients: twenty grams white colored roux two hundred fifty ml milk 1 little whole onion peeled you bay tea leaf Salt to taste Nutmeg White self defense PROCEDURE; 1 ) In a spices pan, scald the milk. Gradually add it to the white roux, beating regularly. 2 . Accept the sauce into a boil, stirring constantly. Lessen heat into a simmer.

three or more. Stick the bay leaf to the onion and add to the sauce. Simmer at least 15 minutes. Blend occasionally although cooking. 4. Adjust the consistency with increased hot dairy, if necessary. 5. Season extremely lightly with salt, nutmeg and white pepper. Essence flavors should not dominate. Stress the marinade. Cover or spread melted butter in surface in order to avoid sin development. XVI. SALAD AND GREENS DRESSING I.. DEFINITION Various have pondered where the word “salad” originated in. salad originated from Latin phrase “sal” which means salts. Way back in the days of Ceasar, Aventure ate green sprinkled with salt. Sodium was their particular only dressing then.

Hence, from the “sal” came greens. 1 . Greens is a expression used for a dish made of greens plants or perhaps greens, alone or in conjunction with other food? plus a dressing 2 . Greens dressing is often an emulsion. It contains acid, usually white vinegar or lemon juice, fat seasoning and often other ingredients/ 3. An emulsion is known as a mixture of two immiscible liquids, one being suspended inside the other. 2. TYPES OF SALAD DRESS UP 1 . French dressing(proper selection of vinegar and oil) installment payments on your Mayonnaise contain salad wintered oil, white vinegar or citrus juice, eggyolk or entire egg and seasoning just like salt, glucose, and seasonings. POTATO SALAD.

Materials: 1 laptop or computer potato, hard boiled and minimize into huge dice or cubes Mayo Salt and pepper to taste Minced onion Method: 1 . Blend mayonnaise, sodium, pepper and minced red onion, the light bread toasted it in to the cooked spud 2 . Cover and relax. Serve cold/ XVII.. ALIMENTARY PASTES AND LOCAL NOODLES ALIMENTARY PASTES or pastas in Italian label a family of macaroni products of varying sizes and shapes. The most famous are other, macaroni, vermicelli, egg noodles and lasagna. ALIMENTARY PASTES are called noodles collective by simply consumers. Several authors label them as macaroni friends and family. KINDS OF NOODLES 1 .

Miki—these flat yellow noodles is made of a cash mixture of wheat flour. installment payments on your Sotanghon—long thin wiry clear noodles also referred to as cellophane noodlesare made from mung bean starch. 3. Light bihon— skinny noodles are made of rice and corn or rice only. 4. Pancit canton— these egg noodles are made from flour? duck ovum, salt and soda. your five. Miswa— created from cassava and wheat flour, these thread like white noodles may be cooked very quickly.. PROPER COOKING OF NOODLES Pastas are often packaged together with the manufacturer’s examined cooking approach written within the label. Use 8 to 10 times all the water while pasta for coking.

Add 1 tea spoons salt and 1 tsp oil towards the boiling water. The addition of oil prevent foaming and sticking with the noodles. When the water can be boiling strenuously, gently decrease pasta and continue cooking food with infrequent stirring for uniform make. Cook to the al dente stage which means the noodles are firm and chewy. Principles of cooking nudeln are the same concerning cereals and stachy pastas. There should be enough water to gelatinize the starch completely. Retention of shape is imperative. Overcooking will result in a mash. PREPARING FOOD OF PASTA Ingredients: 200 grams teigwaren, spaghetti doze gram sodium 2 liter water.

15 milliliters oil TREATMENT: 1 . Work with at least 2 gobelet boiling water every 200g of pasta. Employ about doze g salt per 2l water. installment payments on your Have the drinking water boiling speedily, and drop in the dinero. As it make softer, stir gently to keep it by sticking with each other and to bottom 3. Carry on and boil, mixing a few times. some. As soon it can be al dente, drain quickly in a colander and rinse with frosty running water before the pasta is completely cold. Otherwise it would still cook and become too smooth. 5. In the event the pasta to become held, throw out gently which has a small of oil to keep it ffrom sticking. 6. Evaluate portions in mounds in tray.

Cover with plastic-type material film and refrigerate till service time. 7. To serve, place the desired number of portions in a china cup in simmering water to reheat. Drain, plate through adding sauce. DELICIOUS CHOCOLATE MOUSSE Materials: 40 g semi fairly sweet chocolate 15 g chausser 15g eggyolk 20 g eggwhite 5 g sugars 20 g heavy cream PROCEDURE: 1 ) Melt the chocolate above hot water or in a double central heating boiler. 2 . take out from the heat and add the butter. Mix until butter is melted and entirely mixed in. three or more. Add the yolk. Mix in yolk totally. 4. Overcome egg whites until it form soft peaks. Do not more than beat five. Fold the egg whites into the candy.

6. Mix the weighty cream until it finally form gentle peaks. Fold into the candy mixture. 7. spoon the mouse in to the serving dishes. Chill the mousse well before servings. TEAM SANDWICH Ingredients: 3 slices white loaf of bread, toasted as needed Mayonnaise 2 leaves lettuce 2 slices tomato( about? in . thick) 62 g chopped up chicken breast or ham four pcs extras PROCEDURE: 1 . Place the several slices of toast bread on a clean work surface. Spread the tops with mayonnaise. 2 . On the first slice, place 1 member of the lettuce family leaf, in that case 2 slices of tomato. 3. you can put second slice of bread toasted on top distributed side straight down.

4. Pass on the top with mayonnaise your five. on the top of this kind of place chicken, then the other lettuce tea leaf. 6. Top with third slice of bread toasted spread side down. 7. place frilled picks in all 4 sides from the sandwich. almost eight. Cut the sandwich coming from corner to corner into 4 trinagles. Each triangular will have a pick throughout the center to carry it together. 9. place on a place with the points up. Questionnaire 1 . What first treatment you take if perhaps sanitizing substance agent visits your eye. Rinse with running water 2 . What initially treatment you take if perhaps accidentally low sanitizing agent? Flush with water and bring test product towards the doctor for antidote health professional prescribed.

3. Tips on how to do rinse your hands. clean hands by simply wetting with water making use of soap and scrubbing to elbows intended for 15 seconds. Rinse out with electricity and then dry out using hands paper or a dryer. 5. The correct washing and sanitizing procedures for pot and pans pre rinse, wash and sterilize 5. How come pre heating system necessary the moment baking? to ensure the required heat once the merchandise put inside the oven. 6. Why do you consider the approaches and approach you use in baking was appropriate for the product you simply make? pre heating of oven and correct measurement of ingredients 7.

Where do you really store bread stock? Fridge or Refrigerator? ——Freezer because to lengthen the shelflife and protect the water of the bread. 8. What preparation was done in so that it will follow delete word sanitation? work with tasting tea spoon, practice great personal health, and use complete homogeneous. 9. Exactly what the items that ought to be listed in a label when storing in refrigerator? name of the products and day prepared. 12. How do you help to make mayonnaise away of uncooked ingredients? employ eggyolk, put seasoning and flavoring and vegetable oil slowly, and add to develop an emulsion.

11. What was used in reducing meat? filleting, deboning, slicing 12. how should you breads a product? ——apply flour, then egg, then breadcrumbs using different hands for dry and damp ingredients. 13. What procedure are used for concluding? store every equipment and ingredients. 14. how do you make a roux? equal regions of butter and flour make over low fire, to which stock can be added. 12-15. how should you wrap soups for take out?  depends within the availability of elements 16. Precisely what are the product which should be listed in a label to get a product that will be stored? product name, particular date packed, excess weight of item..

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