competitive advantage of ikea essay

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Business procedures


Through this modern hypercompetitive marketplace, a company must be a powerful competitor to outlive. A company need to possess a effective strategy in order to be a powerful competition. But what the good strategy for the company?

A fantastic business strategy would be that to attain a competitive advantage over other competitors. Just what exactly is a competitive advantage? And exactly how company may be able to have got a competitive advantage more than other competition? This essay would right now discuss exactly what a competitive advantage is and exactly how a company can build a competitive advantage over other competition in the same industry by making use of two redecorating stores, Ikea and Legal courts as illustrations.



A company has been said have competitive advantage more than its competitors when the business earns revenue that are above the normal normal in the industry in which it competes.

Types of competitive advantages

According to Michael Assurer, there are two basic types of competitive advantage, particularly:

Cost Advantage- A cost benefits is the capability of the firm to deliver the same product or services at lower cost than competitors.

This can be obtained through employing economies of scale, production efficiencies, low labor cost or better access to natural material and the like.

Differentiation advantage- A difference advantage may be the ability from the firm to provide products or services which have been different from the product mix of rivals. Due to the added costs in achieving difference for theproduct or providers, differentiated products or services are often advertised at high quality prices.

Model of Competitive Benefits


Competitive benefits derives away of value a firm is able to make for its buyers that is higher than the business’s cost of setting it up. Value is exactly what buyers are able to pay, and superior value stems from supplying lower prices than competitors intended for equivalent rewards or rendering unique rewards that reduce the price tenderness of the client. Value can be achieved even though utilizing the firm assets and features that would then simply become primary competencies with the particular organization. The core competencies produced will allow the firm to position either as a cost head or difference leader on the market and this will certainly in turn generate value pertaining to the purchasers which will become the firm competitive advantage on the market.

Resources and capabilities

A firm needs to have resources and capabilities which have been better than the competitors in order to develop a competitive advantage over them. Any competitive edge will go away if the rivals can easily copy what the company was undertaking.

Resources are assets in the company that its competitors cannot conveniently acquire. Some examples of a organization resource range from the firm’s popularity, loyal consumer bottom, patent and trademarks and strong logos.

Capabilities consider the ability in the firm to make the most of their resources. Great example of the capabilities of the firm is a ability to accomplish a successful advertising campaign.

The combination of both features and source will become the distinctive expertise of the company. The competencies will allow the firm to achieveinnovation, performance, quality and customer responsiveness. The key competencies made will allowed the company to position both as a cost leader or differentiation head in the industry

Cost advantage and differentiation benefits

A firm will certainly position on its own as a expense leader or differentiation innovator in the industry based on the exclusive competencies produced using its methods and capacities which end up being the firm competitive advantage against other rivals.

Value creation

Value is created by company through doing a series of worth creating activities that Tenir identified as the worth chain. The worth chain includes 4 assisting activities (procurement, technology advancement, human resource and firm infrastructure) and a few primary activities (inbound logistics, operation, outbound logistics, marketing as well as product sales and service). On top of the firm own value creating activities, the firm are operating in a value system of vertical actions including those of upstream suppliers and downstream channel users. In order to obtain competitive edge, a firm must perform a number of value-creating activity that is even more superior when compared to other competitors. Superior value is created through lower costs or perhaps superior rewards to the potential buyers.



Ikea, the Swedish furniture giant begun in 1943. It is the planet’s largest furniture retailer that sells elegant but inexpensive Scandinavian designed furniture. They have outlets in 35 countries, including Singapore. The company can be, perhaps, one of the World’s many successful international retailing businesses operating as a global organization based on its one of a kind concept the furniture comes in topple down type that are to beassembled by the customer at your home.

Ikea objective statement

Ikea’s mission is usually to offer a broad variety of home decorating items of very good design and performance, excellent quality and sturdiness, at prices so low that as much people as is feasible can afford to get them (

Ikea competitive advantage

Ikea’s success inside the retail furniture industry can be attributed to their vast knowledge in the retail market and its ability to integrate both product differentiation and cost leadership tactics successfully.

Since pointed out in Ikea’s quest statement, the business is in organization to produce high quality products at a low cost. This could support an expense leadership strategy. However , the organization is also applying differentiation approach due to its unique way of incorporating the customer in the value string and exclusive marketing strategies

Price advantage

Ikea cost management strategy allowed it to have a competitive advantage over various other competitors in term of pricing. Ikea achieved this kind of through limited cost control and development efficiencies.

Under Ikea’s global strategy, suppliers are usually positioned in low-cost international locations, with close proximity to raw material and dependable access to division channels. These suppliers create highly standardized products designed for the global market, including Ikea. This allows Ikea to take advantage of economies of scale.

Ikea likewise practice small cost control in order to keeps its product price low and inexpensive. Some key cost control measures performed by Ikea includes:

2. Locating their outlet beyond the city location on places that the lease or the cost of the terrain is cheaper

2. Flat product packaging of the product allows Ikea to hold its merchandise from suppliers to its outlet by low cost as it efficiently boosts the space during transportation. Flat packaging also means lower storage costs for them.

* “No waste coverage when Ikea develops product. For example , the remnants of materials that are remaining the heart shaped FAMNIG cushion, certainly one of Ikea item, are used to generate smaller FAMNIG cushion. Door manufacturer are being used by Ikea to make all their table-top together with the leftover uncooked material thus reducing production cost.

In addition to limited cost control and development efficiencies, Ikea also incorporate customer in the value sequence approach like a mean of reducing costs. Customers are to use the information concerning the product asking price to collect from your racks shopping self-service area, transport those items themselves back home and to assemble by themselves. The costs saved happen to be passed to the consumer in term of charging low cost for their product rather then like the labor costs and delivery costs in the selling price, a usual practice of different furniture stores.

Differentiation benefits

Ikea got also successfully integrated its expense leadership strategy with differentiation strategy that allowed that to further distinguish itself from other furniture retailers and develop a strong logos for the firm.

Ikea differentiate on its own from other rivals by doing the following:

* As mentioned previous in webpage 6, Ikea incorporate buyer into the value chain way of reduce cost. Customers in order to use the information about the product cost to collect from your racks in the store self-service location, transport those items themselves back home and to do assembling of thefurniture. Ikea is the only furniture store that switches into this practice in Singapore and it is acknowledged by most Ikea buyers as they recognized it as being a cost keeping method through education simply by Ikea to the customer on their magazines.

* Ikea adopted several marketing interaction strategy through the rest of the competitors. Instead of choosing to promote every weekend in the newspapers to reach out to consumer, which can be the norm on most of the well-known furniture retailers in Singapore, Ikea primary communication strategy lies in the complimentary catalogue mail to every household in Singapore every year. This allowed customer to see the catalog at the ease and comfort of their residence. Furthermore, the dimensions from the furnitures happen to be indicates inside the catalogue that allowed the customer to measure their place for the furniture and come up with a organized shopping list. Therefore, the list is the best method to prepare the client for a visit to Ikea compare to newspaper advertisements used by additional competitors.

* Ikea gives child care solutions and monitored play area inside their outlets to make certain parents can easily focus on all their shopping in Ikea retail store without having any worries for children.

2. In-store cafe (Rare between furniture stores), Burger King such as the case of Singapore, give you a chance for customers to take meals breaks without the hassle of leaving a store.


The charge leadership strategy adopted by simply Ikea allows it to set attractive value for their product compare to additional competitors in the same market. By placing attractive cost, it also decreases the price level of sensitivity of the customer. The cost edge is achieved by Ikea through tight expense control and production efficiencies. The difference strategy approach such as the Ikea catalogue, in-store restaurant, the incorporation of customer in the value chain and featuring of child treatment services undertaken by Ikea helps to create a highly differentiated picture of Ikea inside the targetmarket’s brain. Ikea through successfully integrating cost leadership and differentiation strategy came into existence one of the most successful international home furniture retailers.


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