describe the causes and consequences of the iraq

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For the 20th of March the year 2003, US sail missiles and bombs had been dropped upon Baghdad, Iraq’s capital metropolis. The target was your then Iraqi president, Saddam Hussein’s great closest supports, who were believed to be in a appointment. It would be the beginning of a conflict that would nevertheless be going good seven years later. Even after numerous years of US-led invasion, the reason why for entering Iraq are still debated globally.

As Allawi (2007) argues ‘in a brief history of clashes and wars, there are few instances that match the invasion and occupation for complexity of motive and ambiguity of purpose'[1].

As a result, the Iraq Conflict or otherwise generally known as ‘Operation Iraqi freedom’ was going to become one of the most controversial battles to date specifically because of the frustrating international violence. It is probably the most important occasions that affected the world, radically changing modern world international relations. This composition will be organised as follows the first section will explore the causes of the war.

That argues which the main reason for the conflict was the recognized threat of Iraq’s possession of weapons of mass destruction. This analyze further argues an attempt to create democracy towards the country and having rid of the country’s severe leader was another reason for the Korea war. The second section is going to explore the effects such in the war coming from four diverse perspectives: the humanitarian outcomes, the military consequences, the political effects and finally the economic outcomes. This will be followed by a conclusion.

Hallenbery and Karlsson (2005) argue that the September 11th problems on the dual towers in 2001 at some level led to the Iraq intrusion. The assault on the twin towers is one of the events that changed the world forever. Soon after the disorders, the after that president, George Bush Jr, publically televised America’s War on Terror. The first of America’s target was Afghanistan, especially the Taliban ‘who honestly supported the Al-Qaeda'[2]and ‘allowed Afghani terrain to be used for training camps and bases'[3]. However even after the invasion of Afghanistan, America was still concerned with possible hazards.

The US concluded that the September 11th episodes showed that ‘some countries could best friend themselves with terrorist movements'[4] and most significantly provide them with weapons of mass destruction. Rose bush was specifically concerned by simply Saddam Hussein’s Iraq. It had been well known that during the 1980/90’s, Saddam had access to weapons of mass destruction. He previously used them on his own persons, killing thousands of innocent Kurds during the strike on Halabja[5]. Furthermore Saddam showed persistent hatred towards the western world, especially America.

The identified threat of Saddam Hussein’s weapons of mass break down was the main cause of the Iraq War. As already mentioned, soon after the September 11th attacks as well as the invasion of Afghanistan, Rose bush placed is usually attentions onto Iraq. Both US government and the UK government contended that the attack of Iraq was necessary for a number of factors. Firstly, it absolutely was seen as portion of the axis of evil, together with Iran and North Korea, accused of seeking weapons of mass destruction and helping terrorism. Secondly, Saddam’s regime was linked to Al-Qaeda.

It was feared that he may pass the weapons of mass devastation to Al-Qaeda who may potentially use them against western democracy’s. Thirdly, Korea was falsely accused of not simply possessing WMD’s but was expanding more deadly ones[6]. During 2002, speech after speech, Bush argued that world confronted a common difficulty; Iraq. This individual pledged to work alongside the Un to deal with the problems posed by War. By the end of 2002 the United Nations Security Council adopted resolution 1441; they offered their final opportunity to Saddam to abide by its disarmament obligations of face serious actions.

However , by the year 2003, the US, UK and The country introduced the ‘second resolution’ arguing that Iraq failed to take the final opportunity offered by the UN Security Authorities to disarm. The second resolution meant the authorisation of immediate push to disarm Saddam’s War. [8] Yet , France’s president Jack Chiroc argued that they can would vorbehalt the quality. Crisis discussions were held together with the leaders from the US, UK and Italy resulting in the withdrawal from the resolution.

The very same evening, Leader Bush televised a live conference alert that in the event that Saddam Hussein did not keep Iraq in 48 hours the result would be ‘military conflict commenced in the time our choosing'[9]. Hence the main reason for the Iraq War was your threat of Saddam Hussein’s claimed WMDs. Prior to the invasion, American policy makers as well emphasised ‘the broad rewards likely to derive from the removal of Saddam Hussein’s severe regime right into a ‘cultivation of the democratic regime'[10]. They will argued that democratization of Iraq would improve the wellness of Iraqi citizens, see and financially.

Furthermore, and perhaps most importantly, the democratization of Iraq will help promote greater monetary prosperity and promote further more democracy in the rest of the central east ” a region traditionally characterised simply by authoritarian government authorities where there can be described as wide spread of conflict, instability and wide-spread poverty[11]. Moreover it absolutely was claimed the fact that democratization of Iraq will set the stage pertaining to the pay out of conflicts that experienced plagued the center Eastern area for decades which usually would mean to be able to create long lasting peace. [12] This next section will look at the consequences of the Iraq war.

Soon after america entered War, the Ba’ath party quickly crumbled. Lots of the key people were wiped out soon after the invasion started out. Saddam Hussein on the other hand, continued the run. This kept the the without a leader. Nine weeks after the battle had begun, on the fourteenth of 12 , Saddam was finally captured. His get would be the biggest, and some claim only, success of the War War. Soon after his go up to electrical power, Saddam’s ruthless tendencies reached light. One example is he would typically use violence to achieve his political target, murdering any of his opponents.

He occupied neighbours Iran in 1990 and Kuwait in 1991. This individual also created a secret law enforcement officials. The most distressing of his actions could be seen in the poker site seizures in little Kurdish town, in north Iraq, named Halabja. Due to Kurdish opposition, ‘Iraqi airplane dropped canisters believed to contain a lethal beverage of the neural agents sarin, tabun, VX and mustard gas for the town'[13]. Over a few, 000 civilians died, most to be presumed women and children. Thousands of even more were forever affected[14]. Time and time again, Saddam showed not any remorse regarding killing his own persons.

It is also believed he was as well responsible for the deaths of his own daughter’s husbands. Altogether, although there is no standard count of how many deaths Saddam brought on, it is approximated to be surrounding the region of 400, 00 to 55, 000. Right after his capture, Saddam was put on trial for criminal offenses against humanity. He was located guilty slain and sentenced to loss of life by clinging. He was hanged on the thirtieth December 06\. The removal of the brutal, ruthless, remorseless and genocidal innovator is for that reason seen a good consequence in the Iraq Warfare.

Another outcome of the War war may be the failure to get stability and democracy in the country. While already mentioned previously in this analyze, one of the factors behind the conflict were to democratize the country which usually would subsequently result in stability of not only the region but the entire region. The united states led cabale were able to have Iraq within a matter of several weeks as the Iraqi military proved weakened. Instead the coalition causes faced a guerrilla style war. Insurgency intensified shortly after the war began. That seemed that almost, day-to-day there was a new story about some type of suicide bomber attack.

However possibly after several years, these kinds of attacks in Iraq continue to be are nearly an everyday occurrence. For example , the most recent attack which will happened within the August seventeenth 2010, 57 Iraqi employees and military were murdered in Baghdad, while 123 were seriously wounded by a suicide bomber who blew himself up at an military recruitment center[15]. The consequence of this most recent attacks is the fact even following seven years, coalition causes have failed to stabilize the nation. Interestingly, Wehrey et al (2010) states that the associated with Saddam ‘upset a traditional harmony of electricity in the region'[16], bringing further instability into the country.

Traditionally, the balance of electricity in the region engaged Iran and Arab nations around the world. However with the Iraq conflict, the balance of power has now shifted towards Iran. Wehrey et ing (2010) further more argues that shift inside the balance of power has resulted in widespread concern amongst Arabic states due to how quickly Iran may ‘manoeuvre inside the core with the Middle East, from Lebanon to Gaza'[17]. Therefore one of the consequences of the battle and the removal of Saddam offers ‘created the perception of increased weeknesses on the Arab side’. [18]

The tries to bring democracy have also failed. Iraq is not a more democratised then prior to. This can be verified by the the latest election effects. Although polls were efficiently held in 2006 to create a transitional national assembly whose main purpose was to create a constitution. As a result Excellent Minister Nouri Maliki was able to formulate a government. Even so the recent selection results possess so far not been therefore successful, since six following Iraqi’s traveled to the forms, no success has been declared due to gaps and says of have your vote rigging.

The importance of the 2010 elections was great because the party who you are likely to be the first to rule over the fully full sovereign coin Iraq considering that the invasion of Iraq in 2003. [19] However the weeks of politics instability has brought about concerns over insurgency physical violence arising to levels seen between 2003-2006, where physical violence was at its highest. One of the major consequences of the war has been the huge decrease of life. The BBC estimate that above 90, 1000 Iraqi civilians have been killed in considering that the beginning of the battle. It predicted that almost 5, 1000 casualties from your coalition forces[20].

However the number of causalities, both civilian and armed forces, have been slipping in the last number of years. The loss of creditability of the US and UK governments have been an additional consequence in the war. Mitchell argues that the number of policy errors were created by both governments. This individual argues that ‘opinions are not debated, cleverness was selectively used, the invasion weren’t getting sufficient push, there was a failure to predict on insurgency and postwar planning was poorly created. There has been common anger which the reasons for war were found true, therefore as some declare, making the war unjust and illegitimate.

In the case of the British Authorities, the in that case prime minster, Tony Blair, popularity acquired fallen very as many thought he had led the country into war underneath false pretences. Wehrey et al (2010) make an interesting point. That they argue that once consequence in the Iraq battle is that is usually ‘has supplied an anti-Western motivational emphasis and consolidated pre-existing grievances'[21]. First stages of the war especially from the year 2003 to 06\, presented a narrative of resistance to the US led attack that proved powerfully ttractive to people across the region ‘whose immediate local grievances may have been unrelated to Iraq itself but whom non-etheless might have been inspired toward violence by the war'[22]. Furthermore Al-Qaeda, successfully described Iraq as the utmost striking sort of an infidel invasion of the Arab Muslim land[23]. The financial consequences from the Iraq conflict have also been superb. Reports have suggested the fact that cost of the war for the US is now over three trillion dollars. Before the war, Iraq’s economy was weak due to decades of economic mismanagement by Saddam.

Although Iraq was olive oil rich- it had huge financial obligations due to Saddam’s wars in Iran and Kuwait. Furthermore economic sanctions from the EL during the 1990’s heavily damaged Iraq’s economic climate. The country was never quite able to bounce back from the calamité despite the huge oil stores. The impact with the war offers worsened the situation. Unemployment that at an almost all time large and repairing infrastructure that was demolished by the battle, has been gradual.

The war has also created the problems of refugees. The United Nations commissioner for political refugees argues that we now have nearly one million refugees due to the war and about about 1 . 5 mil internally displaced person ‘a third of who are living in funds or camp-like situations in extremely poor conditions'[24]. In conclusion, the main cause of the Iraq was the belief that Saddam Hussein was in belongings of weaponry of mass destruction. Even though it was no magic formula that Saddam had use of WMDs in past times, UN examinations would later find no proof of them. One other cause for battle was the belief that the overthrow of Saddams brutal plan would allow the democraztisation with the country which in turn would improve Iraqi lives and result in economic wealth.

Futhermore it will enable serenity in a place which was sprinkled by turmoil and instability. The toppling of saddam’s authoraitive guideline and then final capture from the ruler was one of the unusual success stories of the war. Nevertheless this appears to be the only one. An effort to bring democracy to the country has but to be attained; the casualities of the warfare have been large, people have lost confidence in governments and a few have asserted that the warfare has led to increased terror levels and consolidated an increased anti-western focus. Just time will certainly tell the full extent with the wars further more impacts.

With America preparing to end its combat mission and end the number of American troops in Iraq, Iraq’s future looks dim. Possibly after six months of Iraqi’s going to the polls, a govt has continue to not recently been formed. Fears are developing that War still may not need the ability to provide security for on its own or to manage to govern. Although Iraq might have got gone their despot leader, the already poor country might have become actually weaker resulting from the conflict.


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