egypt to be sure egyptian term paper
Excerpt from Term Paper:
We have several proofs that Egyptians currently used contracts, testaments and other important institutes of designed society. As well any citizen was in order to bring lawsuits against accountable person and try to prove that his right or interest was threatened by that person. This was a very important commence of a democratic society because open courtroom was the only legal express organ of justice.
The modern Kingdom is likewise characterized by a large number of Egyptologists as being a period of great changes in public knowledge. A large number of people became literate (mainly upper class representatives) and sure that education with this period was more general and progressive. Rich nobles and representatives felt free of charge sending youngsters to school; simultaneously poor people don’t have this sort of opportunity in fact it is not strange (if all of us remember Middle Ages we’ll notice that the situation was similar).
Therefore , as we can easily see, Egyptian contemporary society was very progressive and also other great cultures, such as Portugal or Babylon assimilated a large number of Egyptian successes. At the same time this society was unique together specific features which allowed Egyptians get pleasure from being residents of these kinds of state which usually had even more democratic elements his neighbors had.
The culminating level of Historical Egyptian record was a period of Akhenaton’s reign (1370-1353). Akhenaton was the first pharaoh whom noticed that pantheism threatened central country because there was no any kind of common ideology as everyone worshiped own god. Pharaoh’s original term was Amonhotep (in honor of main state our god Amon) although he had transformed the identity and referred to as himself Akhenaton (in exclusive chance of the sunshine god – Aton). In one of the interviews in N. Mahfouze’s book Akhenaton was confident that his point-of-view would triumph in the long run and the almighty would support him developing new purchase. Pharaoh was sure that he would succeed attaining necessary end result using peaceful methods and overcome all difficulties and conflicts. Unfortunately he was certainly not understood by the majority of populace, also priests and nobles resisted his reform. Simultaneously he was supported by officials plus some representatives of middle school, but they had been only group. In another interview when Meriamun talked for some priests they will tried to persuade that Akhenaton was crazy and unreasonable man because he resisted Amon-Ra, the great the almighty. Priests regarded Akhenaton a heretic who betrayed own nation, the traditions and gods’ can. I don’t think it is correct because priests were upset by pharaoh’s actions first of all not for their spiritual passions but by simply simple materials ones. All priests who also worshiped Amon were extremely rich persons and had a fantastic influence on state’s national politics. Also that they owned vast lands (about 30% of lands in Egypt like a historians say) and numerous temples or wats which were incredibly profitable companies. Sure, they will didn’t wish to lose such privileges and power, therefore the had the only way out – resistance. Silk citizens basically didn’t appreciate their pharaoh and resisted his activities only because of their strong philosophy in customs and gods power. Finally Akhenaton failed and all his achievements had been forgotten and destroyed. Tutankhamen was his successor and it is surprising that the most famous pharaoh was not a real leader – he was a puppet of priests (devotees of Amon).
Egyptian civilization had never reached these kinds of top of its development as it i did so during the Fresh Kingdom period. This 500-year period is among the most interesting amount of Egyptian background which is appreciated for great armed service success, cost-effective and production development and sure – liberalization and democratization of social existence. These goals were come to only underneath the condition of secure and modern development and complication of social processes occurred in Egypt of that time. At the same time Akhenaton’s reform failed because Egypt society had not been able to accept it as a result of strong faith based beliefs and traditional conservatism of Eastern society. Who also knows, maybe history would venture in other way if Akhenaton’s reform succeeded.
Naguib Mahfouz Akhenaten: Dweller in reality American School in Cairo Press, 2000
Ian Shaw The Oxford History of Historic Egypt Oxford University Press;