geography senegal an in depth study senegal is a
western The african continent and has Dakar which is its major city while capital. On the northern line is located Mauritania, on the east is Mali and on the Guinea. Senegal is also enclosed by the Ocean ocean within the west.
Located in the middle of the country is the tiny republic of Gambia. The county is pierced by River Gambia. (see physique: 1)Figure 1Senegal primarily comprises of a large simple. The only real conditions to this will be in the to the south east where relatively substantial elevations are present.
You will discover only a few rivers of any kind of reasonable size in Senegal, these include, the Saloum, Gambia, Casamance and naturally the Senegal which runs along the upper border from the country. Like all waterways, these break during dried out seasons and surge forth during damp seasons. Like most other countries of this location in The african continent, Senegal contains a vast great number of climatic areas. These range between dry wilderness to a wet tropical zone in the southern portion of the nation leaving the dry location to the north.
You will discover two distinct seasons, the dry time of year, and the rainy season. The latter lasts from July to October inside the north. (see figure: 2)Figure 2 Below, the rain fall averages 350 mm. Inside the south the growing season starts per month later in June yet ends as it does inside the north in October.
In the north the average every year rainfall uses 1525 mm. In January the average temp is 22 degrees centigrade and in September it averages at 28 degrees centigrade. In Senegal the citizens to without a doubt have to put up with very various climatic conditions. Determine 3Figure four As mentioned before the northern portion of the country is dominated by very dry out desert like conditions while the south is a very wet region.
The northern percentage of the Country can be part of the Sahal which is a stream for the wetter the southern area of part of the region against the Sahara which is located to the north of the region. In the Sahel the plants resembles regarding the movie The Lion Ruler in that it consists generally of savanna grasses with random outcroppings of little stunted shrubs (see Number: 3). As you move south towards the Gambia trees become more common. Additional south continue to, there are genuine swamps and dense forests.
In these forests the typical warm woods can be found including mahogany, palms and bamboo. In the Gambia and the others waterways as well crocodiles and hippopotamuses can be found. Different animals including elephants are located in the eastern portion of the nation. Senegals famous varieties of leather include the cobra and the ótima constrictor.
Senegal possess various minerals and other natural methods. Among these types of is Senegals principal used mineral reference, phosphates. ( see physique: 5) Flat iron ore is usually present I actually but it has not yet been exploited because of a lack of accessibility. In the 1970s build up of both equally natural gas and petroleum had been located off of the western seacoast of Senegal.
Figure your five Senegals economic system is based primarily on cultivation. The heart of the gardening economy will be based upon peanuts, virtually. Although this is the case Senegal has a growing industrial sector which is the biggest in Western world Africa. Senegal receives the help of France and also other European countries through the World Financial institution.
Senegal is starting to learn to spending budget, and is now only spending $700 million more than the region brings in every year. About 27% of Senegals land is usually arable which can be veryinproportionate to the 78% with the population which usually relies on subsistence farming. As a result of French colonization, Senegal is now the leading manufacturer of peanuts in the world. These kinds of peanuts happen to be primarily produced in the north-west but are likewise grown in other parts of the country.
Peanuts and peanut oils constitute a significant percent with the yearly export earnings including 29% inside the 80s to 12% in the early 90s. Most of the terrain isFigure 6 devoted to the production of nuts and great advancements have beenmade recently to diversify the kinds of crops grown. (see Determine: 6) Among the crops to get grown are, rice, and tomatoes. This will allow the people of Senegal to create food which could sustain their population.
The traditional seeds of Senegal are, sugarcane, millet and sorghum, nuts, rice, and maize. The livestock raised are, cows, sheep, goats, and fowl. Senegals coast is wealthy with fish. With the use of a contemporary fishing navy Senegal collected over 319 700 loads which showed 23% of export earnings in 1990.
Exploration is not only a small business in Senegal, 1990s production of phosphates totaled 5. one particular million cu m. There’s also a oil refinery which procedures oil pertaining to foreign oil as well as domestic. Senegal also employs different processing vegetation such as all those used for peanuts, flour, chemicals, and cigarettes products.
There are several electricity plants in Senegal which have the capacity of 230 kilowatt and can develop 720 kWh of electric power a year. Each of the power made in Senegal is done so thermally. (see figure 7)Figure 7 The currency in Senegal may be the franc, which can be broken down in 100 centimes. The rate of exchange for the droit is 295.
2 to 1 U. S i9000. dollar or perhaps 50 francs for you French droit. The constitution of 1963, amended 1991, provides for a single-chamber legislature, the 120-member national assembly, elected by universal avis for a five-year term.
The director, also selected by widespread suffrage, will serve a seven-year term, green only once. The president appoints a prime minister to lead a council of ministers. Senegals ten locations enjoy a large degree of autonomy, each having its own equiped governor and elected assemblage and controlling a separate price range. history Intended for early record, see The african continent.
Costa da prata explorers arrived in the fifteenth century, and French settlers in the 17th. Senegal had a French texas chief from 1854, became component to French Western world Africa 1895, and a territory 1902. Senegal became an independent republic Sept 60, with M? opold T? dar Senghor, leader with the Senegalese Modern Union (UPS), as its first president. Senghor was also prime ressortchef (umgangssprachlich) 1962-70.
The UPS was the only legal party from 1966 until in Dec 1976 it was reconstituted as the Senegalese Socialist Party (PS) and two opposition celebrations were legally registered. In the late 70s Senghor was decisively reelected. Senghor retired at the end of 1980 and was been successful by Abdou Diouf, who also declared a great amnesty intended for political offenders and permitted more get-togethers to register. Inside the 1983 polls the PLAYSTATION won 111 of the set up seats plus the main competitors, the Senegalese Democratic Party (PDS), ten seats.
Later that year Diouf tightened power over his party and the govt, abolishing the post of prime ressortchef (umgangssprachlich). This fulfilled open, at times violent, level of resistance, but this individual and the PLAYSTATION remained securely in power. In 80 Senegal sent troops for the Gambia to protect it against a supposed Libyan invasion, and this intervened once again 1981 to thwart an attempted vicissitude. As the two countries came closer collectively, they decided on an final merger, plus the confederation of Senegambia came into being Feb 1982.
Senegal has constantly maintained close links with Portugal, allowing it to maintain military angles. In the February 1988 elections Diouf was reelected director with 73% of the election, but his ruling party had a slightly reduced vast majority in the nationwide assembly. In April 1989 border differences led to a severance of diplomatic contact with neighboring Mauritania, using more than 450 persons killed during violent rupture between Senegalese and Mauritanians. Over 50, 000 individuals were repaid from both countries May 1989.
In Aug 1989 formal reputation was given in the ending with the unsuccessful federation of Senegambia. Constitutional improvements were suggested Sept 1991, including the decrease of the voting age coming from 21 to eighteen and the restriction of the president mandate to 2 terms. Diplomatic relations with Mauritania, cut 1989, were restored Apr 1992. In March 1993 Diouf was reelected for any third and (under the revised constitution) final term.
In-may the judgment Senegalese Socialist Party (PS) was the assembly elections and in June a fresh cabinet was created, with Habib Thiam because prime minister (the content having been reinstated 1992). The political history of Senegal is not as bloody as many of some other countries of Africa hence the countys 6th world position can not be blamed on this but rather on the France and their despotic rule in the country. French persuaded the farmers of Senegal to generate peanuts that has been a plants of little benefit towards the locals, although could fetch a high price for the French. Little or no of the takings were truly given to the farmers with the remaining sum staying in Portugal.
Right now the maqui berry farmers of Senegal are still producing peanuts and receiving very little money for them since the price offers dropped considerably. The result is that the farmers grow peanuts in order to get funds to buy food. There is nowhere fast near enough money to supply for a entire family. To drag Senegal out of the fifth world we need to first get them to agriculturally self sufficient so that they are now no longer hungry.
This is certainly possible by teaching these people new farming techniques, providing them with water wells, and providing them with seeds that will grow into a wide variety of crops.