honest abe abe lincoln essay
Abraham Lincoln, Honest Abe, is one of the very best American Presidents. He is noted today for his Obama administration in which this individual fought the Confederacy throughout the Civil Battle and removed slavery with all the Emancipation Proclamation and later the Thirteenth Amendment. He was a brilliant, honest, and simply leader whom governed by a critical time in American background.
Lincoln was born around the twelfth of February 1809 in a log cabin three kilometers outside of Hodgenville, Kentucky. Having been later required to move to Indianapolis. As a child Lincoln worked on his family’s farm building clearing fields and tending crops. He liked to read but regrettably received extremely little formal education. In fact , his entire education only amounted to regarding one year of attendance. (Brit. 23) In 1830 Lincoln’s family moved to Illinois. Lincoln subsequently didn’t desire to be a player, so he tried different professions: rail-splitter, flatboat man, storekeeper, postmaster, surveyor, plenty man, and a profession in Law.
In 1932 Lincoln subsequently, at twenty three years old, made a decision to run pertaining to the The state of illinois State legislature. Lincoln was to campaign for local advancements such as better roads and canals. Nevertheless , a battle with the Indians broke out before Lincoln’s campaign could get going. In response, he joined up with the Army. After his short wartime, Lincoln delivered to governmental policies and shed the competition of The state of illinois Legislature. In 1834 he ran once again and was elected- second of 13. At the age of 25 Lincoln was a member of the Illinois Legislature.
Following his term in the legislature, Lincoln located he necessary more money. Therefore , he started studying law on his own. He approved a job in Springfield for John John Stuart’s practice.
In the late 1830’s Lincoln subsequently found his passion of his life, Mary Ann Jake, the daughter of a wealthy banker. Your woman got employed to Abe in 1840 and the two were wedded in 1842. They had thee children with each other, Willie and Tad Lincoln subsequently.
In 1946 Lincoln earned the Whig nomination for the seat inside your home of Associates for The state of illinois and sitting in Our elected representatives in 1847. The major concerns of the time were the Mexican-American war, which Lincoln opposed, and slavery. Lincoln was not an anti-slavery crusader. Yet , he performed vote in Congress to stop it coming from spreading. Morally, Lincoln disliked slavery and said slaver was “founded on both injustice and bad plan. This individual wanted to remove slavery over time because he thought dramatic actions to end captivity would lead to violence. Lincoln felt that Congress should never interfere with slavery in declares in which it already existed. After his term in Congress, Lincoln left national politics again for the full time law practice.
Inside the early 1850’s Senator Stephen Douglas opened the issue of captivity in the areas of Kansas and Nebraska. In 1854, Congress passed the Kansas-Nebraska act, allowing the issue of captivity in Kansas and Nebraska to be decided by well-known sovereignty. Lincoln was “thunderstruck and amazed. This act helped bring him back in politics. This individual felt obliged to speak away against the Kansas-Nebraska act. Therefore , after Lincoln subsequently left regulation he journeyed across Illinois campaigning to get anti-slavery Whigs. In his promotioning Lincoln known as slavery a “cancer and a “monstrous injustice. He explained he believed in the Announcement of Independence, which states “all men are created the same. However , he wasn’t sure of practical tips for slavery in the us where it already persisted in.
In 1856, Lincoln changed from the Whig Party to the Republican Party because the Whigs were weakened and could under no circumstances unite against slavery. Lincoln subsequently felt that if this individual wanted to please make sure he would have to be with a strong party.
In 1858, Lincoln gained the Republican Nomination pertaining to the The state of illinois Senate chair. He wanted the seat of his very long time rival, Senator Stephen Douglas. In Lincoln’s first presentation for his Senate plan Lincoln said, “I consider this federal government cannot withstand, permanently, fifty percent slave and half totally free. Lincoln subsequently warned his opponents the fact that spread of slavery has to be stopped if not it would become “lawful in all the states, older as well as new- north and also south.
In July of 1958, Lincoln challenged Senator Douglas into a series of several three-hour, public debates. Thousands of people showed up to view the Little Large (Douglas) or Long Abe. Douglas fought against for white colored supremacy. He believed the region could put up with half free of charge and 50 percent slave. Douglas said white wines made this country therefore they must run this. Lincoln desired equality. During one argument Lincoln stated:
“There is no reason on the globe why the Negro is usually not entitled to all the normal rights enumerated in the Assertion of Freedom, the right of life, liberty and the quest for happiness. We hold that he is all the entitled to these types of as the white gentleman.
Ultimately, Douglas won the Senate election by a hair. Nevertheless , Lincoln would not give up. His debates with Douglas got made him famous around Illinois. Lincoln subsequently kept debating and got a whole lot of Conservative support. Lincoln subsequently got a whole lot support which the Republicans sensed he can win the presidential political election. So , that they tried to get him nominated.
The Lincoln-Douglas arguments were extremely crucial to Lincoln’s future profession. It was this course of debates that built Lincoln recognized throughout the region. In fact , Lincoln subsequently probably would not have got won the Presidential Election in 1860 if he hadn’t discussed with Douglas. Douglas was far better known than Lincoln subsequently was through the entire country and Illinois. At the Lincoln-Douglas discussions people by miles about would arrive to watch both men speak in the distant towns of Illinois. Reporters from throughout the nation arrived and jotted down the particular two guys said. The fact that was said on the debates could possibly be read inside the newspapers of major urban centers the very next working day. It was Lincoln-Douglas debates that first offered Lincoln nation wide publicity. Lincoln probably would not have got ended up inside the White Residence if it has not been for these debates.
With the Illinois Conservative Convention in May 1860 Lincoln subsequently was selected as the Republican’s favorite Presidential Prospect. One week later at the Countrywide Republican Convention, Lincoln was nominated within the third boule. Lincoln was running against two Democrats Stephen Douglas of The state of illinois, and David C. Breckenridge, a the southern part of Democrat from Kentucky.
On Election Day”November 6, 1860″Lincoln won the election with 1, 866, 000 votes. He carried every Northern State. Southerners hated this kind of “black Republican and his name did not display on any the southern part of ballots. Douglas got 1, 377, 1000 votes and Breckenridge received 850, 000. If the Democratic Party had not split Lincoln subsequently would not have been completely elected. Douglas and Breckenridge’s votes mixed were more than the total number of votes to get Lincoln. So , if Breckenridge hadn’t run, almost all Democratic votes may have gone to Douglas.
We also imagine, that if Douglas had been elected, a civil conflict would not include broken out. Douglas assumed the nation can endure half-free half servant. He did not feel highly about captivity. Unlike Lincoln, Douglas did not care if slavery pass on through America. If it were not for Lincoln subsequently slavery would have spread into new states and territories. It was Lincoln’s boldness against slavery that created nation wide freedom in the usa.
As soon as Lincoln was chosen some southern states endangered to secede from the Union. The To the south hated Lincoln. An Atl newspaper explained, “Let the results be the actual may¦ the south will not submit these kinds of humiliation and degradation as the inauguration of Abraham Lincoln. And so, sure enough, in January, the slave state Sc seceded from the Union. During the next 3 months before Lincoln’s inauguration, eight more servant states seceded from the Union and shaped the Confederate States of America using their capital in Richmond, Va. In March, Senator Jefferson Davis of Mississippi started to be the chief executive of the Confederacy. On the fourth of March 1861, Lincoln was sworn into office. In his initial address Lincoln told the folks he would certainly not tamper with slavery in the states where this already persisted.
“I have no purpose, directly or indirectly to interfere with the institution of slavery in the us where it exists. I really believe I have not any lawful right to do so, and I have no tendency to do so.
Little performed the people really know what Lincoln was going to do. This individual later explained in his talk about “In both hands, my dissatisfied countrymen, and not mine is a momentous concern of city war. Lincoln went on to say he would do every thing he can to “preserve, protect, and defend the Union.
THE CIVIL WAR
Lincoln presumed the Union could be kept without any bloodstream. However , In April 18, 1861 Fortification Sumter, at the entrance to the Charleston Harbor in Sc, was absorbed by the Confederacy. The lengthy Civil Warfare had begun.
The Union had stated the dedication of 23 states, 22 million people. It was had an industrial overall economy which could generate rifles, cannons, shoes and everything else an army might need quickly. One thing, yet , which the industries could not generate was very good generals. During most of the Detrimental War this would be a constant issue.
The Confederacy experienced 11 states, 9 mil people of which almost 4 million had been slaves. Their economy was agricultural. Unlike the Union, the Confederacy “held a monopoly of military talent. (LPB 73) Military also understood the land on which the war was struggled and had attained military abilities from hunting.
Lincoln subsequently decided he needed to continue to keep other countries from assisting the confederacy. So , this individual set up nautico blockades in Confederate jacks. Then, Lincoln subsequently launched three major offensives: One in to Virginia, another into Tennessee, and a 3rd to take control over the Mississippi River. This individual gave Basic George W. McClellan control over eastern armies. McClellan qualified his guys very carefully although took quite a while doing it.
Lincoln discovered relief from the pressures in the war in his home life together with his wife Martha and his two boys: Willie and Bit. However , in February of 1862 both boys started to be ill. Bit recovered. Willie, on the other hand, has not been as fortuitous. On March 20, 1862 William Wallace Lincoln passed away. This devastated the Lincoln subsequently family. Jane was therefore disturbed that she could not attend his funeral.
By the springtime of ’62, the north had captured New Orleans and was gaining control of the Mississippi. Around Summer, McClellan led his soldiers to Richmond. He brought his troops there slowly and gradually and thus, the Confederates discovered and had time to muster their very own defenses. When McClellan’s troops were waiting outside of Richmond, Lee designed a counter-offensive generating McClellan right back to the James Lake. More than 3, 000 males were murdered, wounded, or missing. McClellan’s long anticipated attack about Richmond acquired failed.
For the eastern front the Union had not received a challenge yet and he cannot find a competent commander. Therefore , he made him self the Leader in Primary of all armies. McClellan continued to be supreme commander. Lincoln tried out General Henry W. Halleck at the top army position. Having been a failure. Halleck gave good advice but was a flake in regards to being important in military action.
Initially, Lincoln subsequently stated that he would keep slavery by itself where that existed. Yet , abolitionists were urging Lincoln to “teach rebels and traitors the fact that price they may be to pay for the attempt to abolish this country has to be the abolition of captivity. However, there were as well Northerners who have supported the Union although not emancipation. Lincoln worried about the support of those states plus the loyal slave states: Kentucky, Missouri, Baltimore, and Delaware.
Lincoln subsequently wanted to begin emancipation in the loyal claims and attract the digital rebel states with it as they were conquered, giving money to slave owners because their slaves were freed. This individual suggested this course of action to the faithful slave states’ congressmen. Yet , they failed to like it. “Emancipation in the natural cotton states is just an deformity, said a Kentucky congressman. Therefore , Lincoln improved his plan. He realized that slavery was crucial to the South’s success in the battle. If he could get rid of slavery the south would be crippled and would reduce any support from Britain. Britain was willing to ensure that the south because they provided cotton to them. Devoid of slaves the South wasn’t able to produce almost as much cotton. There was too much antislavery belief in Britain for them to support a country’s fight for the preservation of slaves. Besides, the Union also required troops and slaves had been eager to get from their organizations and guard the North. Without emancipation the City War more than likely mean enough. The reason for the Southern States’ secession in the first place was captivity. Lincoln thought that all even if the Union was reunited there would be another war above slavery. Nevertheless , he inhibited his personal authority to abolish slavery.
When ever Lincoln was inaugurated he said he did not have the right to emancipate. However , as a wartime evaluate he felt he would have the power to do so. Therefore , Lincoln invented a plan to crush slavery in the rebel states but preserve the loyalty of the Union servant states. His plan was called the Emancipation Aveu.
The Emancipation Proclamation said all slaves were “then, thenceforward, and forever free on the initially January 1863. Lincoln then planned to gradually emancipate slavery inside the loyal says. However , the Union had not had a win in a while. Lincoln experienced that in the event the proclamation had been released it would seem such as an act of desperation. So , he awaited a important military success by the North.
In July the Union was whipped once more at the second battle of Bull Manage. However , at the Battle of Antietam McClellan tried to repel Lee in Maryland whilst he was progressing to Philadelphia. He was powerful and on Sept. 2010 17, 1862 Lee retreated back to Va. The Challenge of Antietam was the bloodiest battle yet in the City War. It was the win Lincoln have been waiting for. Days later, for the twenty-third of September, Lincoln released the Emancipation Aveu to the press. This aveu changed the Union’s conflict effort. Prior to the Emancipation Déclaration the North was struggling with for the preservation of the Union. Today, the Union was preventing to cost-free slaves too. The Emancipation Proclamation also let black men provide in the armed service. By the end of the war more than 180, 000 blacks might enlist inside the Union army and might serve in each and every theater of war.
During a New Years day time reception Lincoln and his cabinet left the party and went into Lincoln’s office. Generally there, Lincoln read them the final draft from the Emancipation Aveu. “If my name ever goes into background it will be in this act, he explained.
Although many rejoiced above the Emancipation Déclaration, there were a lot of Northern Democrats who failed to care about the abolition of slavery and were angered by the Emancipation Proclamation. North Democrats got supported the war to save the Union with captivity intact. They were doing not want to fight for the liberty of slaves. The aveu brought out a whole lot of anti-Lincoln feelings. Upper Democrats accused Lincoln of being a dictator and a tyrant. Yet , Lincoln placed his floor. When he was asked to improve the Emancipation Proclamation Lincoln subsequently said, “I am a slow walker, but I actually never walk backwards.
In order to cope with the anti war northerners Lincoln suspended the right of habeas a in some parts of America. Habeas corpus is a right to a good trial facing a judge. When an region is set under martial law those of that region lose their rights into a trial along with some different individual rights. Lincoln felt it was required to declare martial law mainly because southern sympathizers in the North hurt the Union battle effort. Suspending the right of habeas a was legal because it was a measure of battle to get rid of the “enemy in the rear.
By simply 1863, the Union was hard pressed for soldiers. In fact , they required soldiers a whole lot that in March several, 1863 Our elected representatives passed the first Conscription Act. The Conscription Action allowed Lincoln subsequently to draft men between the ages of 20 and 45. Only was a man allowed to get free from the draft if this individual could hire another gentleman for $300 to take his place in the army. Between martial law and the fresh draft regulation there were a lot of anti-war feelings through the entire country. In 1863, Northern Democrats prepared a peacefulness movement to end the whole conflict. These Serenity Democrats protested against Lincoln, the draft, the Emancipation Proclamation, Martial Law, and blacks in military. Lincoln subsequently reminded his people that there are thousands of dark soldiers fighting and perishing for the Union trigger:
“You state you will not fight to free of charge Negroes. A few of them seem happy to fight for you¦. Why should they actually anything for people if we will perform nothing to them? If they will stake their very own lives for us, they must always be prompted by the strongest motive”even the promise of freedom. And the assurance being made, has to be kept.
Lincoln’s many other Republican’s conducted the anti-war Democrats too. The pro-war Republicans referred to as the Serenity Democrats “Copperheads. The Republicans stated Peace Democrats were injuring the battle effort and helping the rebels. Lincoln subsequently fought against the Copperheads with martial rules. He informed army officers to police arrest anyone who obstructed the draft or helped the rebels in any way.
Draft riots broke out across the country. In New York City about July 13, 1863 mobs went through metropolis attacking homes, shops, and folks for days. In total, 128 everyone was killed, the majority of which were dark-colored.
Lincoln would still be having trouble getting good commanders. At Antietam McClellan conquered Lee nevertheless failed to go after him if he retreated. “McClellan has got the decreases, said Lincoln. In November 1862, Lincoln fired the careful McClellan. After that, Lincoln tried Generals Burnside and Hooker, both of which in turn failed.
After General Hooker, Lincoln subsequently tried General George Meade, who raced to Philadelphia to stop Shelter at the Challenge of Gettysburg on July 1, 1863. There, 170, 000 soldiers clashed. The Battle of Gettysburg was the bloodiest battle of the war. By, July 4, with 50, 1000 casualties about both sides Lee’s troops began to retreat. When Lincoln learned of this he told Meade to go following Lee and destroy his army. Meade, however , hesitated letting Lee’s men break free. “We got them inside our grasp, said Lincoln. “We simply had to stretch forth our hands and so they were our bait.
Several months following the Battle of Gettysburg a ceremony was held to “dedicate a portion of computer as a final resting host to those who below gave their lives. (Gettysburg Address) Edward Everett was the key speaker and spoke for approximately two hours. After Everett was through, Lincoln explained the couple of words that America today knows perfectly, the Gettysburg Address. At the time Lincoln and a lot of the folks who heard him speak at Gettysburg were disappointed. Small did they know how famous those phrases would become.
Around the western the front things had been looking shiny. Ulysses T. Grant had been winning important victories. The next day the struggle of Gettysburg, Grant experienced taken control over the last crucial Confederate castle on the Mississippi, Vicksburg. Early in 1864, Lincoln equiped Grant since the leader in primary of all Union armies.
Collectively, Lincoln and Grant came across a expert plan to finally beat the Rebels. They designed to kick off coordinate offensives against the Confederacy from all directions. In the East, Give would assault Lee in Virginia, traveling towards the digital rebel capital, Richmond. In the west Standard Sherman would venture from Tennessee into Georgia, capturing Altlanta ga which was, at the time, a crucial railway center to get the rebels. From there, Sherman would go toward Virginia, blending the Confederacy and eventually overtaking their capital. Lincoln was hopeful. “Grant is the first general I possess had. Know how it has been with the rest. They will wanted me to be the basic. I are glad to locate a man who can go ahead with out me.
In May 1864 the attacking began. Scholarhip marched down to Virginia but was met my own Lee’s recently rebuilt military in a densely wooded area call the Wilderness. Give fought 3 major battles near Richmond but still cannot take the town. During Grant’s Wilderness plan roughly fifty four, 000 Union soldiers had been killed or perhaps wounded. Points were better for Sherman. After a lengthy siege for Atlanta the town fell and was cleared out. Sherman’s men then entered the city and destroyed anything that could be used by the South for war. Sherman after that marched through Georgia damaging everything in the path: plants, houses, livestock etc . In the mean time, Grant was slowly acquiring hold of Richmond. By The fall of the end in the war was at sight pertaining to the Union.
Inside the election of 1864 the latest Union wins gave Lincoln much support and affirmed, Lincoln was reelected on November 8, 1865. He previously won simply by almost 0.5 mil votes away of some four million cast. Lincoln felt he should at this point, after successful the political election, push for a Constitutional Change permanently outlawing slavery everywhere in the United States. Lincoln subsequently pressured anti-abolition Congressmen who apposed the amendment in the winter of ’64. Finally, about January 31, 1865 Our elected representatives passed the 13th Amendment to the Constitution outlawing captivity “within america, or any place subject to all their jurisdiction.
In March some, 1865 Lincoln subsequently was sworn into office. In his treat he denigrated slavery, phoning it a hateful and evil practice. He stated that now that slavery had been eliminated it was coming back healing. However , Lincoln explained he did not feel “malice towards Southerners.
Even as Lincoln subsequently spoke, the Union win machine was at action. Sherman marched the coast acquiring the city of Savannah. After that, he transferred up to Virginia and his way captured Charleston, South Carolina. Then on 04 2, after a long siege, the Confederate capital, Richmond, was removed and the Confederate government was moved to their very own new capital in Danville, Virginia. The following day Union soldiers moved into officially take control of the city.
Then, on Apr 9, 1865 Lee and Grant met with their armies at Appomattox Courthouse, Va. There, Grant accepted Lee’s surrender. Lee’s men then simply lay down all their weapons, hence, ending the long Detrimental War.
The Municipal War experienced lasted practically four years. More than six hundred, 000 United States men got died. That is more than the amount of lives lost coming from every war the U. S offers fought in combined. Nor side acquired expected the war to last as long as this did or for the war that will put an end to slavery.
After the City War, various friends of President Lincoln were concerned about the safety of his your life. He had recently been receiving hazards of assassination in the postal mail and everyone realized how much hate there was to Lincoln, specifically from the ex-Confederates. So , bodyguards, cavalry escorts, and even troops camping out on the White Residence lawn guarded Lincoln the best way they could. However , every one of the precautions failed. On, evening of 04 14, 1865 Lincoln wonderful wife went to the theater. Then, in the third act John Wilkes Booth arrived to the President’s box and shot Lincoln in the mind. Doctors hurried to try and conserve the injured President. Nevertheless , on the morning of The spring 15, 1865 Abraham Lincoln died in the bed when justin was 56.
Lincoln’s funeral was held in the East Room in the White Residence on The spring 19, 1865. After his funeral a lengthy procession taken the Director to the Capital Building. On the 21st a funeral train brought Lincoln subsequently to his final resting-place in Springfield, Illinois.
A GREAT LEADER WHO
HANDLED SLAVERY WELL
In the Civil Warfare, Lincoln was obviously a great commander. For most in the war he had trouble locating a good leader to run a campaign inside the East. So , Lincoln was forced to almost single handedly head the Union campaign in the East. Early in the war, Lincoln could depend on the good ideal advice of his standard in primary, Winfield Jeff. Scott experienced proposed the “Anaconda Strategy. In the plan, Scott wanted to blockade the Southern coast and take control of the Mississippi blending the Confederacy and separating them totally. Lincoln arranged with his prepare but planned to go additional. He wished the Union to take associated with an attacking. So , he tightened the blockade and called for more troops. Through this sense Lincoln subsequently was questionable. Later, on the end of the war, Lincoln, with the help of General Grant invented the plan that crushed the rebellion. Today, when we consider Lincoln, the very fact that he was a good commander doesn’t stand out in our minds. However , after carefully checking out his daring, decisive activities in the Civil War I actually realized that having been indeed an excellent commander.
Lincoln subsequently handled slavery very well. Even though he was morally against slavery he was careful in dealing with this. His controlling of captivity suits Roosevelt’s saying, “Walk softly and carry a major stick.
Inside the election of 1860 Lincoln subsequently knew he previously to have minimal enemies. Therefore , as to not anger any pro-slavery voters Lincoln subsequently said he would not tamper with captivity in states in which that already been around. When Lincoln subsequently was inaugurated he stated the same thing. He did this kind of to try and retain America out of a Municipal War. Nevertheless , many servant states experienced they required to expand captivity. In order to do so they required to get out of Lincoln’s domain. Once slave declares started seceding Lincoln knew he had to crush the rebellion, although keep the border slave says loyal. So , Lincoln, again, promised he would not take away their captivity. By doing this this individual kept a lot of Union support.
Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation raised a lot of anti-war thoughts. Before saying his program he consulted politicians from the loyal slave states to make certain they approved. In his initial plan Lincoln was going to start emancipation in loyal says. However , after listening to the views of the Kentucky Congressman Lincoln identified that the edge slave states would be infuriated if that they became free of charge states. At that point, when Lincoln subsequently was composing the Emancipation Proclamation, the Union had been beaten all over the place and could not really afford to reduce the commitment of the border states.
Throughout the conflict Lincoln got the support of Conservatives. However , after the Emancipation Proclamation was released many neutral and pro-war persons became critical of Lincoln and the war. To control these Copperheads Lincoln declared martial law in most parts of the country. Through this sense this individual carried “a big keep.
After Lincoln subsequently won the election of 1864 this individual decided it was time to drive forward with emancipation. In the event his activities had been as well strong ahead of the election he’d have lost a lot of votes. So , that winter Lincoln started highly pressing pertaining to the thirteenth Amendment, outlawing slavery forever. Lincoln’s timing for the amendment was impeccable. Likewise, to ensure two-thirds vote in the home, Lincoln asked an Kansas congressman to get 3 doubtful Democratic votes to get the 13th Amendment simply by bribing the doubtful arrêters with particular positions in office and also other areas that Lincoln had influence over.
The best thing Lincoln ever performed was manage slavery perfectly. He appeased the line states simply by not depriving them of slavery in their states in addition to that feeling he strolled “softly. He had to cope with the Copperheads with an iron closed fist and in that sense Lincoln subsequently carried “a big adhere. Generally Lincoln can be an American main character but he is most well known and legally famed intended for the clearing of slaves.
Lincoln was among the best Presidents, in the event that not the best, in American history. In his era, Lincoln subsequently was looked at by a few as master and a tyrant. However , over time the American individuals have come to realize and love what Lincoln subsequently has done a lot more to the degree of the Lincoln Memorial fantastic face on Mount Rushmore. He ruled the country at possibly the most critical time in the United States’ history, a time when the incredibly existence of America i visited stake. I was lucky to obtain Lincoln in office during that time. He has influenced the world today more than any other man in that century. This individual handled captivity extremely well and was a great commander. His speaking ability engrossed people throughout his career. This individual died as a result of what this individual believed in and he will hardly ever be ignored. I personally, assume that Abraham Lincoln subsequently was the finest President america has ever had.
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Abraham Lincoln subsequently
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