hygiene factors in the workplace analysis paper

Category: Well being,
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Hand Hygiene, Abraham Maslow, Office Safety, Work Satisfaction

Excerpt from Research Paper:

Workplace Care

How Health Factors in Job Circumstance Affect Job Dissatisfaction

Most people have to job and most people identify significantly with their work. It is obvious that occupation is one of the primarily most important factors in most lives. When people happen to be asked about themselves they will generally first talk about who they are with regards to their job, and then regarding other factors. The workplace then is one of the most important areas in the existence if an specific, but it can become one of the most nerve-racking also.

In the 50s Frederick Herzberg had been carrying out research about this very subject matter since 1957 and he determined that there were a number of (five) satisfiers and 9 job dissatisfiers. A company can work to improve the fulfillment of personnel because the, deservingly, believed that the happy employee is a productive employee. Sadly, there were various theories about how exactly to make workers happy, and so they went in several directions. Managers had no clue, from this research how to proceed and actually help their particular employees be satisfied. Therefore , Herzberg do a lot of research in his own, a metanalysis, of over 30 years of the types of studies. He found a lot of that fundamentally said a similar thing. A few of these studies talked about task satisfaction as well as the satisfying real estate agents that make it thus. A few of the research talked particularly about how come some workers did not like their jobs and the explanations why. However , he found one more group of studies that in contrast the two. that they took the factors that cause pleasure and discontentment into the same study and talked about both of them. “Herzberg discovered that dissatisfiers were not the alternative of satisfiers as it would seem from the utilization of the word “dis-” which implies the contrary of. Dissatisfiers are related closely for the environment in which the worker is usually employed” (Herzberg, Mausner Snyderman, 1993, xiii).

This was not necessarily a revelation to him because he had only completed a thesis about mental health not being the contrary of mental illness. This individual understood the particular two factors, satisfaction and dissatisfaction today. He comprehended that they weren’t polar opposites, but that they can did uncover different things about how precisely an employee believed about his or her job. The objective in all of the research was going to make that easier for employees to reach their very own working potential. Basically, this individual found that employers should try to eliminate dissatisfiers more than they need to try to add factors that will supposedly enhance employee pleasure. This article discusses the study that has been done since 1959 by Herzberg and others to either verify, disprove or perhaps improve his theory.

Herzbergs theoretical masterpiece is called the two-factor theory. He named this this to create people conscious of the dichotomy of those satisfiers and dissatisfiers. He planned to make sure that the message was understood.

Firstly he mentioned the care of the workplace. He was certainly not discussing whether people acquired bathed or perhaps brushed their crooked smile, he was referring to the adverse influences persons experienced at work and in the content of their job that they identified dissatisfying. He writes that he received a lot of grief regarding the choice of term because “unfortunately no one wants to be vp of care, even though I possess explained frequently that prevention of discontentment and mental illness is equally as important as encouragement of driving force satisfaction and mental health” (Herzberg, Mausner Snyderman, 93, xvi). His argument was that the terming was irrelevant, it was your research into get rid of or at least increase the conditions that dissatisfied the employees that was important.

He actually related a lot of his function to Abraham Maslow’s hierarchy of requires which got come out a couple of years before his own theory. Maslow envisioned that for folks to be happy that were there to have selected needs attained. “The fundamental human requires placed simply by Maslow in an ascending buy are: emotional needs (these are the simple needs pertaining to sustaining human being life itself); security or perhaps safety requirements (these are the needs to be free from physical risk and of the worry of unemployment, property, foodstuff or shelter); affiliation or perhaps acceptance demands (people ought to belong, being accepted simply by others); confidence needs (once people commence their have to satisfy their very own need to are supposed to be they want to end up being held in respect by themselves and others); and, need for self-actualization (it is the desire to turn into what you are capable to become – to increase one’s potential and to accomplish something)” (Koontz Weihrich, 06\, 291). Herzberg looked at the ideas of Maslow and realized that people want to succeed in the top of Maslow’s pyramid. They want to always be self-actualized at work. He said “The elements that lead to great job thinking do so because they satisfy the individual’s need for self-actualization in the workthe great goal of man is usually to fulfill him self as a creative, unique individual according to his inborn potentialities and within the limits of reality” (Herzberg, Mausner Snyderman, 93, 114). This kind of need to be self-actualized could simply happen if the extrinsic factors of the work were in the best possible purchase that they could possibly be.

So , “Herzberg constructed a two-dimensional paradigm of factors affecting people’s thinking about work. He concluded that such elements as company policy, oversight, interpersonal associations, working conditions, and wage are cleanliness factors rather than motivators. Based on the theory, the absence of care factors may create work dissatisfaction, however presence would not motivate or perhaps create satisfaction” (Galwell, 1997). This is a fascinating point to help to make that is one of many Herzberg’s main claims. Essentially, he stated it is about the outside, what are the results at the job not the feel good type factors which may make everything seem better. A person may work in a job that has the best ambiance, the employees are allowed to take mental health destroys often , and perhaps they are complimented for his or her work by immediate manager. But , 1 small issue can make all that disappear. “Dissatisfied customers can easily increase a great employee’s job dissatisfaction” (Robbins 81). Of course , this statement makes sense. The employee is helpful and polite, however day can be ruined by a bad knowledge. If this happens typically within the context of the task, the employee will have real discontentment issues.

The planet is a thing that can be regulated by the manager. They can deal with the attitude that the employee produces in work, and that is difficult to transform anyway. However they can boost as many of those extrinsic elements, that the manager can control, as possible. “The two-factor theory argues that a successful supervisor must decrease job dissatisfaction by providing staff with hygiene factors. These factors are likely to relate to the planet in which 1 works plus the context of that work” (Davies 81). An effective manager is useful for the employees satisfaction because they already know happy personnel do, actually make successful employees. Although that manager has to do not forget that “good doing work conditionswill retain employees on the job, but will certainly not make them function harder. Although poor doing work conditions, that are job dissatisfiers, may make workers quit” (Gitman McDaniel 242). This is a lesson that managers discover hard to relate to. To get the employee to work harder, they have to believe that they know the job and are supported by the company. Good functioning conditions will be fine, yet a manager has to proceed deeper to really help their very own employees be productive.

Gitman and McDaniel reiterate this time by expressing “a lack of job satisfiers doesn’t usually lead to discontentment and poor performance; instead a lack of task satisfiers might merely bring about workers undertaking an adequate job, rather than all their best” (Gitman McDaniel 242).

Next, Herzberg thought that “in contrast [to health factors], this individual determined in the data the motivators were elements that enriched a person’s job; this individual found five factors specifically that were strong determiners of job satisfaction: achievement, reputation, the work itself, responsibility, and advancement. These motivators (satisfiers) were associated with long-term positive effects in job performance as the hygiene factors (dissatisfiers) consistently produced only short-term within job attitudes and performance, which will quickly fell back to its previous level” (Galwell, 1997). He is chatting again regarding the extrinsic factors that motivate a staff, or the things that can help that employee reach the pinnacle of Maslow’s pecking order. Herzberg him self said that “the conditions that surround the doing with the job cannot give himbasic satisfaction; they do not have this potentiality. It is only in the performance of the task the fact that individual could get the returns that will reinforce his aspirations” (Herzberg, Mausner Snyderman, 93, 114). Why is the task itself so important. Herzberg seems to think because it “emphasize[s] the importance of professional growth as the key want of employees as the basic determiner of work attitude” (Herzberg, Mausner Snyderman, 1993, 79).

It may be hard

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