market structures and pricing approaches essay

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Buying and selling homes

In Economics, market structures are divided into several main structure types, Perfect Competition, Monopolistic Competition, Oligopoly and Monopoly. This conventional paper will elaborate about how they will be broken down by variables, just like how various buyers and sellers, price and direct competition. The price for the consumer is definitely affected under these framework types and this paper will explain the four many types and how the buyer price is affected. After each of the four set ups is broken down, I will work with Apple for instance and explain its intricate market structure.

Perfect Competition has a large numbers of buyers and sellers within a market the place that the good or perhaps service is definitely identical. This involves the seller to simply accept the heading price prove product. The seller is not able to control the market cost. The good or perhaps service is very common and the information from the good or perhaps service established fact by the buyer. Due to the large number of sellers the customer is able to select, this can be dependent on price and overall item quality.

The price of the good or perhaps service is usually not handled by market price, but just by source and demand. An example of excellent competition is known as a farmers industry where retailers are selling a similar tomatoes. Monopolistic Competition has a large number of sellers and buyers, but the very good or support is similar, not identical. The vendor has some range of in the selling price of the very good or services, but not extreme change in price over the market price. The consumer commonly does not have the ability to the information about the good or perhaps service. A good example to think of, being a monopolistic competition is sneaker manufactures. Oligopoly has a numerous buyers, on the other hand there is a number of sellers. The excellent or support is very related, and the customer does have advice about the item. With only a number of sellers the purchase price is typically influenced to maximize profits. This has been completed and is referred to as market sharing, or complicité, as used by OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries). Monopoly can have a small or large number of buyers, but have only one vendor of a very good or services. There is nocompetition for the excellent or support so the retailer has total control of industry, and the vendor will use this kind of power to maximize profits. The seller has the chance to decide how much goods and service to provide, which can be used to alter supply and demand to their advantage.

An example of a monopoly will be pre 1911 Standard Oil that a new control of the oil business in the world, but was broken up in smaller firms. The United States Best Court reigned over this to get an illegal monopoly. The pricing approaches differ intended for the 4 main market structures. Best competition can be primarily arranged by their market value. The reason for this can be a large amount of sellers and buyers. If a vendor was to enhance the price, the customer would have a number of other choices found at the market cost. Monopolistic competition has many sellers and buyers, just as best competition really does, but the seller’s good or perhaps service is not identical. This allows to get the seller to adjust the price over the market price, however the same rules apply if the seller raises the price to drastic because perfect competition. Oligopoly is quite commonly thought of the larger firms who have main control of the market and can effect the price to increase profit. They can do this by making it difficult intended for smaller companies to enter the industry. The purchase price that they can change out of shoppers is normally mainly because these larger companies have a similar business plan.

Monopolies control a 100% of their competing marketplace, which allows these to demand greater prices. They can manipulate the supply and demand of their product driving the cost up within means of what can be considered illegal. The example I will be using is Apple’s market composition on the technology industry. Oranges market structure varies, with respect to the market. Three main market segments they focus on are mobile phone, computer systems and digital music players. Their touch screen phone market is an oligophy marketplace because there are a few large companies such as THE ALL NEW HTC, Samsung, Nokia and RIM. When it comes to all their computer os the market method is a lot like oligopoly, because there are two large opponents, Windows and Apple, so that it is a duopoly structure. The industry where it is usually argued that Apple is in complete control, a monopoly, is the digital music market. In the digital music marketplace there is a very limited amount of competitors that measure up to Apple’s IPod. Apple can be viewed a monopoly in the technology industry since they are highly competitive in these markets andtheir income show this kind of. The charges strategy used by Apple for products is considered by facts related to the industry history. This is a good explanation why:

Difference ” You may recognize Apple computer in the middle of hundred other folks from 1 mile away. With the distinctive lightweight aluminum casing and signature logo design Apple computers are in class that belongs to them. There is no apple-to-apple comparison together and those by competitors. When all other computer makers will be fighting intended for sales with low price Apple holds the ground and commands superior. And still if you ask any college or university bound youngster what laptop he wishes without a doubt the answer will be Apple. No wonder Apple enjoys double-digit margin on the products when other PC producers are happy to accomplish even 5%. (“How Will Apple,  2012, pra 3)

Quality ” Every Apple items are known for their particular workmanship and quality. That they last for a long time, although many people do not wish to hold onto them pertaining to too long as they are always itchiness to get their hands on the next interesting thing. If you choose run into difficulties with Apple items their customer care takes care of all of them quickly. Individuals who have visited all their “Genius Bar in Apple Store recognizes this. (“How Does Apple,  2012, para 4)

Must-have Items ” Show me someone who won’t desire Apple products and Let me show you an agent who has been living within a different planet for the last 10 years. Apple products are things of desire for 3-year old kid along with 90-year Grandmas and everyone between. According to CNBC All-American Economic study half of U. S. households own in least one Apple product, while 9% own more than 5 goods! Any company might die just for this type of buyer lust for their products. (“How Does Apple,  2012, para 5)

Guarantee ” When most PC users are afraid of their computers having infected by simply virus and losing data, Apple products have been relatively disease free. With the iTunes software they control which applications are allowed to enter into Apple goods. This gives users peace of mind the applications downloaded on their computer systems, iPhones or iPads will be safe to use. (“HowDoes Apple,  2012, afin de 6)

Present and Inform ” Dorrie Jobs was obviously a master of introducing new products. It is said that he may pick up a stone in the sidewalk and sell you for the hundred or so dollars! Weeks before they introduce new releases rumor mills swirl with excitement and journalists go to their special product introduction to see what Steve Careers has to present. (“How Does Apple,  2012, pra 7)

Hold Ground ” Even in the face dire financial circumstances in 90’s Apple never compromised in quality and price. They will always maintained that many are better than anything else in the market and hence control premium selling price. It finally paid off in order to became the most valuable business in the world several months ago. (“How Does Apple,  2012, para 8)

Once you have achieved such understanding as Apple has, your pricing technique is high quality. They do still have to consider the markets where there are more competitors for prices. However , they can be still in a position to charge a little higher because of their diverse markets that interlink. A survey I discovered states: A lot more than 51 percent of the public possesses an Apple merchandise, with one in three owning more than one. The median American household offers 1 . six Apple items. (Liesman, 2012)

Enough stated Apple is awesome!

In conclusion, this newspaper has supplied a glance of the four main market structures and the pricing approaches. As seen perfect competition is not as common as the other three. Oligopy and monopoly are very similar because of their approach to drive industry price up and that is mainly because they equally control the vast majority of market correspondingly. My real world example of Apple shows how a company can have a complex market structure by having oligopoly market segments that encourage a monopoly for the industry.


How does Apple do it? Case study on Superior Pricing. (31 March 2012). Retrieved The fall of 14, 2013, from


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