nursing theorists the objective of this study

Category: Theories,
Words: 1746 | Published: 03.04.20 | Views: 190 | Download now

Nursing Theorist

Get essay

Theorists, Medical, Health Medical, Nursing Educating Plan

Excerpt from Analysis Paper:

Nursing Advocates

The objective of this kind of study is to identify, illustrate, research and apply the concepts of your specific nursing jobs theorist and compare and contrast that to additional nursing theorists. As well, this kind of work in publishing will provide samples of clinical conditions from personal nursing practice that demonstrates the concepts and using the framework and will illustrate these in methods serve to demonstrate and simplify the use of the conceptual material.

The nursing theorist chosen from this study is Dorothea Orem. Dorothea Orem was born in 1914 in Baltimore, Maryland in the U. S. And earned her diploma in Providence Clinic in Wa DC. Orem worked as being a staff doctor as well as a non-public duty doctor, nurse mentor, and administrator and finally being a nursing specialist. Orem received her honorary Doctor of Science level in 1976. Orem’s theory was first printed in ‘Nursing: Concepts of Practice in 1974, 80, 1995, and 2001.

Dorothea Orem’s Theory

The primary presumptions of Orem’s theory are that the specific should be self-reliant and accountable for their own attention and that the person is a distinct individual. Medical is assumed a “form of action – interaction between several persons. ” (Nursing Hypotheses, 2012, s. 1) As well an assumption of Orem’s theory would be that the successful appointment of widespread and development of self-care the requirement of major care reduction and sick health. (Nursing Theories, 2012, paraphrased) Orem’s theory also contains the assumption that the person’s knowledge of feasible health problems is actually a requirement for endorsing self-care actions and that self-care and dependent care are behaviors “learned within a socio-cultural context. inch (Nursing Ideas, 2012, p. 1)

2. Domain Ideas Defined

Orem’s theory is made up of several domain name concepts including those stated and thought as follows:

(1) Nursing is definitely described as “art, a assisting service, and a technology and mentioned is the next:

(a) Activities deliberately selected and performed by nursing staff to help persons or groups under their care to maintain or transform conditions in themselves or their very own environments;

(b) Encompasses the patient’s perspective of health condition, the physician’s perspective, and the nursing perspective;

(c) Aim of breastfeeding – to render the individual or users of his family able of getting together with the person’s self-care requirements;

(d) To keep a state of health

(e) To gain back normal or near usual state of health in the case of disease or perhaps injury;

(f) To strengthen, control, or minimize the effects of chronic poor health or handicap. (Nursing Ideas, 2012)

(2) Health – this is a term which is used in offering a description pertaining to living things and when these living things are “structurally and functionally whole after that that person is usually human which is operating “in conjunction with physiological and psycho physiological mechanisms and a materials structure and relation to and interacting with various other human beings. inch (Nursing Hypotheses, 2012, g. 1)

(3) The third state element in the conceptual site is that of environment. Environment is identified as components that “are enthronement factor, enthronement elements, circumstances and created environment. (Nursing Theories, 2012, p. 1)

(4) Your fourth stated aspect in the conceptual domain is that of the human being and that they have the “capacity to reveal, symbolize, and use symbols. ” (Nursing Theories, 2012 p. 1) The human being is definitely conceptualized since “a total being with common, developmental needs and capable of ongoing self-care. It really is reported that Orem kept that the person is a unity that can function biologically, figuratively, metaphorically and socially. (Nursing Ideas, 2012, s. 1)

(5) Reported since the 6th element of the conceptual domain is that of the nursing client and it is reported that a human being that has “health related/health extracted limitations that render him incapable of continuous self-care or perhaps dependent proper care or limits that lead to ineffective/incomplete treatment. ” (Nursing Theories, 2012, p. 1) In addition , a person is reported as the “focus of nursing only when a self-care requisite is higher than self-care features. ” (Nursing Theories, 2012, p. 1)

The final 3 conceptual domains are those of nursing complications, process, and therapeutics. The nursing is actually stated because deficits in “universal, developmental and health derived or perhaps health related circumstances. ” (Nursing Theories, 2012) The medical process is actually a system used for making a determination of why the person is beneath care as well as a plan for care and setup of proper care. (Nursing Hypotheses, 2012, paraphrased) Nursing therapeutics is described as “deliberate, organized and purposeful action. ” (Nursing Ideas, 2012, s. 1)

III. Three Related Part of Orem’s Theory of Nursing

You will discover three facets of Orem’s general theory of nursing and people include:

(1) theory of self-care;

(2) theory of self-care shortage; and (3) theory of nursing system. (Nursing Theories, 2012, l. 1)

The idea of self-care is inclusive of the following principles:

(1) Self-care – practice of actions that individual initiates and conduct on their own account in maintaining lifestyle, health and well-being

(2) Self-care agency – is a human ability which can be “the ability for engaging in self-care” -conditioned by age group developmental condition, life knowledge sociocultural orientation health and obtainable resources

(3) Therapeutic self-care demand – “totality of self-care activities to be performed for some period in order to satisfy self-care requirements by using valid methods and related units of functions and actions”

(4) Self-care requisites – action described towards supply of self-care. 3 types of self-care requirements are- (a) Universal self-care requisites; (b) Developmental self-care requisites; and (c) Overall health deviation self-care requisites. (Nursing Theories, 2012, p. 1)

Universal self-care requisites happen to be noted as being “Associated with life operations and the maintenance of the ethics of man structure and functioning” along with being common to all. The requisites happen to be identified as the next:

(1) Maintenance of sufficient intake of air, drinking water, food

(2) Provision of care connected with elimination method

(3) Equilibrium between activity and snooze, between solitude and cultural interaction

(4) Prevention of hazards to human your life well being and (5) Promo of human being functioning (Nursing Theories, 2012)

Developmental self-care requisites are stated to be closely associated with developmental procedures “derived via a condition or perhaps associated with a celebration. ” (Nursing Theories, 2012) Health deviation of self-care is reported to be so that is:

(1) Required in conditions of illness, harm, or disease. these include: (a) Seeking and securing suitable medical assistance; (b) Being aware of and attending to the results and benefits of pathological conditions; (c) Effectively executing medically prescribed measures; (d) Modifying self-concepts in accepting oneself as being in a particular state of health and in specific kinds of health care; and (e) Finding out how to live with effects of pathologic conditions. (Nursing Hypotheses, 2012, paraphrased)

The theory of self-care deficit specifies when ever there is a need for nursing and specifically that there is a requirement of nursing “when an adult is incapable or limited inside the provision of continuous successful self-care. inch (Nursing Hypotheses, 2012)

Five methods of aiding are identified in the work of Orem as follows:

(1) Acting to get and doing for others

(2) Guiding others

(3) Supporting another

(4) Providing a place promoting self improvement in relation to meet up with future needs; and (5) Teaching an additional (Nursing Ideas, 2012)

Dorothea Orem’s Self-Care Deficit Theory is illustrated as follows:

Figure 1

Orem’s Theory and Nursing Method is inclusive of data collection regarding the subsequent six types of data:

(1) Assessment – diagnosis and prescription plus the determination of why medical care should be used and making a common sense in regards to care. Inclusive as well of the style of a nursing jobs system and a delivery care strategy.

(2) Collection of data which include:

(a) health status;

(b) physicians watch of the patient’s health status;

(c) The patient’s watch of self-health;

(d) health goals with regards to the life record, lifestyle and health status of the affected person;

(e) the patients requirement for providing self-care and (f) the capacity in the patient to do self-care. (Nursing Theories, 2012)

The next step is that or medical diagnosis and health care plans based upon rational scientific evidence. The step, which next employs, involves execution and analysis and involves the patient and the family becoming assisted by nurse in self-care things.

The talents of Orem’s theory incorporate that it make provision of a thorough basis to get the practice of the health professional and acts in usage of the professional nursing which includes curricula, education, administration and research. Orem’s theory is specific regarding when nursing care is necessary and the approach of Orem is aligned with contemporary concepts of health prevention and campaign.

III. Case Study

The work of Iglesias ou al. (nd) reports an instance study concerning home attention nurse going to an older patient whom resides only and who will be bedridden due to osteoarthritis joint pain. The client relates feeling sad and due to his diaiblity sense inadequate. Examination of this individual from Orem’s theory of Self-care it really is understood that this individual is limited in the individual ability to engage in self-care. With the three kinds of self-care this kind of patient declines into the category of ‘Health Deviation of Self-Care’ due to a health problem, injury or disease and which is inclusive of seeking out medical attention and

< Prev post Next post >