periods of change effect upon sex norms through

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Clara Barton

Industrial Revolution, Rules, 19th Century, Agricultural Innovation

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“[footnoteRef: 8] Women’s functions as midwives and tenders of the unwell were impinged upon simply by professional medical professionals and their traditional roles in the sickbed were assumed by simply men. The profession of drugs itself became polarized into different tasks: while because late since the Civil War in the us males often assumed the role of ‘nurse, ‘ increasingly this kind of profession (often conceptualized as a doctor’s tool in its earlier incarnation) became relegated to women, even though women including Clara Barton and Florence Nightingale worked tirelessly to garner increased respect intended for the roles nurses can play. However, role of midwife started to be male-dominated, as males who oversaw labor took within the oxymoronic name of ‘male midwife. ‘[footnoteRef: 9] [8: Burnette, 2008] [9: Burnette, 2008]

What the law states placed considerable obstacles in the paths of girls who wished to own their own businesses or establish themselves as monetarily independent through the patriarchal salary and labor structures of business society. Married women could hardly make lawfully binding contracts or be sued, which in turn meant that they found it difficult to secure loans.[footnoteRef: 10] We were holding also largely barred coming from more lucrative operate guilds, with the exception of women who had been widowed and who were viewed as capable of carrying around the trade, having presumably discovered it earning a living for their hubby. [footnoteRef: 11] [10: Burnette, 2008] [11: Burnette, 2008]

During precisely what is often called the Second Industrial Innovation (1890-1914), “a period of superb extremes” was ushered in, one of “great wealth and widespread lower income, great growth and profound depression, fresh opportunities and greater standardization. “[footnoteRef: 12] Gender divisions during this period increased, as do class sections. The middle school grew in prosperity, and therefore “the jobs of women and children transformed: higher wages for qualified male employees allowed females to stay house and kids to become pupils. “[footnoteRef: 13] the creation of ‘childhood’ as a strategy became more widespread – fewer kids worked in factories. Unionization also triggered improved pay for certain operating class jobs, thus making it possible “for working-class families to depend on the income of husbands as well as the wages of grown kids. By the early twentieth century, some working-class mothers can afford to stay at home, following the pattern of middle-class girls. “[footnoteRef: 14] However , regardless of this greater polarization, many women also began to utilize the greater spare time allocated to the center and reduced classes because work several hours were reduced to engage in political agitation for could rights and economic parity. Women as well began to get into some of the clerical professions and teaching “From the mid-century, educated girls began to occupée open specific professional and clerical careers, partly in response to the highly effective Victorian ‘gospel of work’ that castigated idleness, to some extent to provide pertaining to the perceived ‘surplus’ of single women, and to some extent for the sake of self-fulfilment. “[footnoteRef: 15] [12: “The Second Industrial Revolution, ” U. S. Background Scene, / [14 May well 2014]] [13: “The Second Professional Revolution, ” U. T. History Field, as well as [14 May 2014]] [14: “The Second Industrial Trend, ” Interpersonal Science, Gulf of mexico Coast University or college] [15: Marsh, 2014]

Hence, in considering whether industrialization was ‘good’ or ‘bad’ for women, the legacy is mixed. Industrialization resulted in higher urbanization and education pertaining to both sexes and revealed women to certain occupations they might certainly not otherwise have been completely able to enjoy. Some women used the modern opportunities provided to expand all their personal and economic spheres. But the ideology of the split between guy and female labor also grew more extreme and many females lost their livelihoods because their work started to be characterized because inherently man rather than girl in top quality.


Burnette, Joyce. “Women Workers inside the British Professional Revolution. inch EH. Net Encyclopedia.

Modified by Robert Whaples. twenty six Mar 08, http:/ / the. net/encyclopedia/women-workers-in-the-british-industrial-revolution / [15 May 2014]

Marsh, Jan. “Gender ideology and individual spheres in the 19th 100 years. ” Éxito Albert

Art gallery, as well as [14 May 2014]

“The Second Commercial Revolution. inches U. S. History Landscape. as well as [14 May 2014]

“Ten Hour Take action of 1847. ” Commercial Child Labor.

http://industrialchildlabor. weebly. com/the-ten-hour-act-of-1847. html [14 May 2014]

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