rehabilitation based on the empirical essay

Category: Well being,
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Recidivism, Positive And Negative Strengthening, Johnson And Johnson, Criminal Behavior

Research from Article:

The needs theory says that interventions should target the known predictors of criminal offense and recidivism for change. There are two styles of predictors for recidivism: static predictors, such as criminal history, and active predictors, just like antisocial principles. Those predictors that can be changed are the predictors that should be targeted by treatment programs. The dynamic factors that can be transformed are: antisocial/procriminal attitudes, values, beliefs, and cognitive-emotional claims, procriminal associates, isolation by anticriminal others, antisocial persona factors, and dysfunctional relatives relationships. All those are the elements that should be targeted in rehabilitation programs. Second, is the responsivity principle. The responsivity rule provides that treatment providers should be behavioral in mother nature, because of the efficacy of cognitive-behavioral and social-learning interventions in changing human being behavior, especially those actions that are linked to recidivism. “Reinforcements in the program should be largely positive, not negative. As well as the services needs to be intensive, enduring three to nine a few months and living in 40% to 70% of the offenders’ period while they can be in the program” (Gendreau, 2011). Third may be the risk theory. The risk principle suggests that treatment interventions should be used with higher-risk offenders, and target their particular dynamic risk factors to get change. The prevailing look at is that low-risk criminals can be a better thing for treatment because they are often less used criminal habit, but high-risk offenders can transform, and rehabilitation for high-risk offenders provides the best savings for world. Moreover, high-risk offenders convey more risk factors to change. Your fourth principle is not actually a rule, but simply the idea that various other considerations, if perhaps addressed, can assist increase the success of a rehab program. These kinds of principles consist of: community-based affluence when likely, well-trained personnel, follow-up treatment after the treatment program is completed, and complementing the treatment system to an offender’s learning style.


Gendreau, P. (2011). What performs to change offenders. In Farreneheit. T. Cullen and C. L. Johnson (Eds. )

Correctional theory: Context and Consequences (pp. 147-170). Thousands of Oaks: Sage

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