Rio Bravo IV – operations management case study Essay
Executive Summary: Packard Electric Corp. is a innovator in electric power and signal product distribution in the United States. They thought they could do the same thing beyond the US therefore they opened a plant in Juarez, Mexico to manufacture makes use of for US and also other foreign consumers.
At the beginning, on the other hand their results were very poor. Most likely, the most important issue was that non-e of the managing had the required experience needed for their bureaucratic positions and hardly anyone spoke Spanish. Also, our factory was incredibly poorly prepared that could not compete with the lofty requirements of NUMMI – Packard’s immediate buyer. Packard was known for their superior quality products nevertheless NUMMI’s objectives were too high to satisfy. The first delivery was depending on a 200-piece order for prototype automobiles.
Packard assembled their best employees, every part was carefully checked, and was packaged in perfect order. However , NUMMI and Toyota decided the fact that products got poor quality style and they were unhappy with all the products. Later Packard appointed Simitomo Wiring for their knowledge in methods of producing exceptional quality and precision. They taught Packard but towards the end of a six-month program, their shipment was rejected.
In the end that difficulties Packard chosen to implement aspects of JIT and TQM, just like Kaizen, decrease of business lead times, speedy die adjustments, Kanban, and Visual management (Shoenberger, Knod, 1997). Packard Electric Corp. has efficiently implemented several JIT and TQM programs. However , that they could enhance the efficiency of operations in many sectors, just like automation of human/machine function, involvement of third parties to work on quality, flexibility, and service, and an adequate layout to decrease operations’ wastage.
Problem Definition: Packard Electric Corp. does not seem to have problems with employing JIT and TQM. The task might be, however , that also the plant may do to further improve the productivity of their functions. Analysis: At the moment Packard Electrical seems to meet their goals to be a business that anticipate continuous improvement, Just-in-time and TQM approaches. They experienced lack of experience at the first place because the management originated from places based on a background than the position they jumped in to.
They wasn’t able to respond telling the truth of NUMMI’s quality requirements. The reason why industry could be that Packard would not really understand the difference between their top quality and NUMM’s quality. Packard should have preserved some kind of a buyer contact to determine the specs of NUMMI’s word of quality. Packard, however underestimated the need to end up being customer oriented at the first place and, therefore the effect was a decline of the shipment (Shoenberger, Knod, 1997).
Moreover, when Packard did not apparently handle the ‘reject’ situation, they outsourced Sumitomo Wiring to help Packard to gain the expertise in continuous improvement process. This task could be considered as a very confident one mainly because they actually utilized one of the concepts of functions management (continuous investment in human resources – training, competence of multiple skills). Nevertheless , because of the nature of continuous improvement, you will find areas that may be improved. Likewise, lead period reduction was probably required for a functional design where the goods were nonproductive and thus created operational ‘waste’ (by waiting around to be processed).
It has to be said that Packard substantially reduced business lead times however the functional design also generates non-value adding activity that may be eliminated by cellular design (Shoenberger, Knod, 1997). Finally, the variability of wirings was a serious problem for Packard after the denial of the shipment. This could occurred for two factors: faulty creation or by simply too much variation of the product. If it was a faulty product, then Packard would have to implement technology to spot the defected merchandise and remove it through the line.
Substitute Solutions: 1 . In the effort of ongoing improvement method encourage “Jidoka” – software of man versus equipment work 2 . Create and train cross-departmental/organizational teams that would cooperate with one another to increase quality, flexibility, and service that support TQM and JIT 3. Put into action cellular “U” shaped developing layout to speed up the manufacturing process Evaluation of Alternatives: 1 . Strengths: Can improve efficiency, quality, and safety May expand multi-process handling The business could maintain low-cost motorisation ( Weak points: Initial rendering could be pricey It would require an outside knowledge (costly) It might probably need reorganization that could be time consuming and costly 2 . Strengths: Urged communication would increase the acceleration of response time Engagement of a other (supplier, client, logistics, etc…) would significantly improve the quality of service and Just-in-time processing Cellular teams would encourage confident (enhanced) communication that would cause positive – intrinsic determination and could broaden all their skills and abilities The merchandise can be standardized and thus more efficient manufacturing Disadvantages: If a single department rules other departments lose their motivation and their work towards constant improvement would be very low Teamwork can sometimes be stress filled and can make conflict that might ‘damage’ productive relationship between your departments Competition amongst specific departments (between supplier and manufacturer, or perhaps logistics, or perhaps customer) will minimize good effect of common cooperation a few. Strengths: Implementing the “U” shaped design the organization would minimize ineffectiveness of individual, machine, and material utilization Could increase the response time Short time changeover would significantly increase the manufacturing capacity of the grow Weaknesses: Reorganizing the layout can be more expensive to implement Advice: The best possible answer for successful long term decrease of ‘waste’ in businesses could be the mixture of all three (however, they do not need to be implemented perfectly time).
In the beginning, the Japanese term ‘Jidoka’ symbolizes an intelligent automation of devices by a human ‘touch’, meaning “A corporation’s objectives should be to deliver products of a quality, price, and within a time-frame defined by the customer. JIDOKA is the concept of adding an element of human common sense to automated equipment. In this way, the equipment turns into capable of discriminating against unacceptable top quality, and the automated process becomes more reliable” (Harriman, 2000) (Gemba study, 2003). Quite simply, Jidoka accessories 7 methods of low-cost automation, in whose result will be separation of human and machine activity and it can immediately detect problems (Gemba study, 2003).
For example , when Packard is making the wirings, the current motorisation produces products without any quit or wait. The production may seem to be ongoing well although at the end of the day one supervisor requires a look at the end result and they sees that 30% of harnesses include a small 3mm hole in the fabric. This will have to be put back for rework on the following day and, as a result, the company might lose eventually in their creation.
If there was a person assigned to particular machines to control the quality, they would have got stopped the device before flawed products experienced. In order to cure the defect of the products, Packard needs to put into practice safety equipment (a stopper) that would recognize the flawed product and prevent the making (E-TQM college or university, n. g. ). This can be a self-error-detecting approach and would reduce the possibility of developing a flawed product. Also, Packard previously possesses technology that automates the process of making (Miller, 2004).
Therefore , with this Jidoka approach they can save on price on incomes for employees (they will not be needed anymore) who supervised the devices before and in addition they can function several machine at the same time with a ‘start and walk away’ approach. The effect would be a total elimination of faulty items. Eventually, the production process would work so that every time a faulty merchandise tries to complete the control, it is thrown and taken from the line being dumped or reworked. Secondly, close cooperation with businesses like customer, supplier, logistics and other will be beneficial for all involved celebrations.
Especially, this may be true for Packard Electric powered since they would be able to produce the merchandise that they knows would not become rejected, the shipment would be on time, and loyalty will be established using their suppliers. Packard should produce a team of customer service in which they would try to discuss certain requirements of NUMMI and find out their very own expectation about the quality, style (package). As well, this would require NUMMI to be a part of the process to eliminate virtually any possible delays with reworking of the merchandise they might certainly not ‘like’ just how it is covered.
Consequently, Packard Electric, based upon this understanding can standardize the production and deliver only-once-made-perfectly products immediately. By teaming up with supplier(s), Packard could gain long-term benefits. In the event that Packard (as it partially did) generate partnership with its supplier(s), that they could gain an advantage of on time, quick, and reliable transportation of materials. With reliable partner (supplier) the organization could enter into longer deals that would gain both sides; distributor has it is sale and the purchaser does not spend time locating a new supplier that might not really be suitable. The concept of a crew would be which a Packard might send the team over a secondment to get to know their counterparts (and vice versa).
They would learn the way the supplier run its organization and would work on jobs how to boost the effectiveness of using, finalizing, and delivering the supplies. Moreover, if Packard really wants to be more successful, it needs to encourage groups from within as well. Different departments should be involved with teamwork that could concentrate on imperfections in each department and the way to minimize these people. The teams should include front-line associates too and motivate all types of conversation to find out the way the new implementation functions.
If a company decides to outsource the expertise (for example necessary for Jidoka) from a company with competitive edge in, Packard and the ‘expert’ firm should certainly team up and decide on how to facilitate ideal to start process amongst the departments and front-line associates. This would be seen as a step towards improving the quality of production, support, and flexibility which might be parts of a consistent improvement procedure (Strategos, and. d. a) (Shoenberger, Knod, 1997). Finally, reducing changeover and selecting an appropriate form of layout can significantly improve the speed of continuous improvement efforts. Right now it seems that Packard uses functional layout that is certainly good however, not as effective as cell phone.
In a efficient layout the processes are assigned to similarity in mother nature. Also, because the product undergoes the individual operations, it has to head to individual department and it sits right now there in a line waiting being processed. Therefore this functional layout frequently create non-value activity and slows down the complete production functions. On the other hand, cell layout is made on the basis of the combo of products and processes. Which means that the cellular contain each of the necessary machines, people, and resources necessary to process related products (it has to be stated that the ideal situation would be a cell manufactures tight range of similar products).
In other words, the cell can process the product from within that definitely boosts the manufacturing process (and operations management). In addition , mobile layouts can easily significantly decrease the number of movements, shorten the space, and as a result of efficient simple-routing the company can help you (money, time, resources, etc…) (Strategos, in. d. b). Synopsis: Finally, fortunately intended for Packard Electric powered they understood the importance of JIT, TQM, and ongoing improvement procedures. They removed a lot of problems of operational negligence or waste materials. They managed to implement real continuous improvement processes and the overall efficiency improved by approximately 80 percent.
However , in the event that they apply cellular design into making processes, their very own efficiency could be between 90% or slightly more overall. A cellular structure means that every section inside the manufacturing process would be broken into cells that might contain all necessary tools, resources, and employees to complete their particular section without any delays (prepare, make, verify and then maneuver the product on). The U shape will be good to logically stick to the manufacturing procedure (from the material to the completing the product).
Also, pushing cross department teams would significantly enhance the relationships among Packard’s buyer (NUMMI), dealer, and strategies (if any). The third functions would be included and the top quality of the item, flexibility and quality of service might be a mutual target for every involved party. In addition, cross departmental and inter-organizational teams may learn from one another and grow their skills to multi-skills that will add to the ‘assets’ of the firm.
Finally, flawed production can be eliminated by implementation of Jidoka that separates the work of individuals and machines by automation of procedures and auto-error detection when a faulty products wants to pass the system. As well, with Jidoka, the company can easily walk away and enable all the equipment work with no presence of the supervising staff. WORKS MENTIONED E-TQM school. (N. M. ). Quality tools. [WWW document]. URL [February twenty-seven, 2004] Gemba analysis. (2003).
Kaizen tools. [WWW document]. URL [February 28, 2004] Harriman, F. S. (September 3, 2000). What does Jidoka or (autonomation) mean? [WWW document]. URL [February twenty-seven, 2004] Miller, L. (January 18, 2004). What is Jidoka?
Try out a pickup truck. [WWW document]. WEB LINK [February 27, 2004] Schonberger, R. T., Knod, Elizabeth. M. (1997). Operations supervision. (6th. Impotence. ). Irwin/McGrawl-Hill, USA.
Strategos. (N. G. a). Rewards for people. [WWW document]. URL [February twenty-seven, 2004] Strategos. (N. D. b). Cellular developing. [WWW document]. WEB ADDRESS [February 27, 2004]