robinson jeffersbiography essay

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On January 10th, 1887, John Robinson Jeffers, renowned as basically Robinson

Jeffers, was born outside of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. His parents had been somewhat of your

strange fit.

His dad, Dr . Bill Hamilton Jeffers, was an exceptionally intelligent yet “reserved

reclusive person” who wedded a happy hopeful woman who had been 23 years young than

himself (Coffin). Despite their age and persona differences, Dr . Jeffers and Annie

Robinson Tuttle had a secure marriage.

Dr . Jeffers’s widespread education resulted in a

vast knowledge of Latin, Greek, Hebrew, Arabic, plus the Old Testament. Dr . Jeffers was

eager to pass on his expertise to Robinson.

Therefore , when Robinson was just five years old

Dr . Jeffers started to teach him Greek (Academy of American Poets). Also starting at a

early age, Robinson journeyed throughout European countries. From age group eleven to fifteen, Brown

joined several different Euro boarding schools: in Zurich, Leipzig, Geneva, Vevey

and Lausanne (Coffin).

Though Dr . Jeffers was responsible for Robinson’s frequent

transfers, his reasoning is unknown. Each and every school, Jeffers was noticed by his peers since

reclusive and pensive—much like his father. More than a century ago, when Jeffers was 18, he relocated

a different time together with his family to Pasadena, A bunch of states where he enrolled at Communautaire

College or university as a junior.

Below, Jeffers succeeded immediately and immensely in courses

such as biblical literature, Ancient greek language, and astronomy. Jeffer’s natural ambition to understand and

his knowledge of numerous dialects impressed everyone around him. As a result

Jeffers made life-long friends and took up hiking—a hobby that he’d enjoy for the

Right after graduating from Occidental College or university with a BA in books at age 18

Jeffers enrolled with the University of South A bunch of states as a literature major (Brophy 2).

During his first season at USC, Jeffers fulfilled his upcoming wife, Una Call Kuster, who was married

into a Los Angeles attorney.

In 1906, Jeffers went with his family to live in Europe. At this

period, he attended the College or university of Zurich where he got courses in philosophy, history

Outdated English, and Spanish beautifully constructed wording. When land came, Jeffers returned to the University of

Southern California as a medical student (Academy of American Poets). Jeffers

remained a medical college student for three years, a long time taking into consideration Jeffers was enrolled

in being unfaithful different universities or courses in 13 years.

In 1910, Jeffers chosen to leave USC and

transferred to the University of Washington to analyze forestry.

Though Jeffers only gained a PURSE in his many years at diverse universities, this individual

gained from his diverse education in many part of his lifestyle. Obviously, his literary and

linguistic knowledge improved his poems. “The influence of his medical training persists

in the physiological imagery and descriptions that permeate his poetry, while his studies

of forestry offered him daily.

.. when he tended the hundreds of woods that he planted

around his house” (Butterfield 414).

Despite Jeffer’s frequent changes in location, university, and examine, his like for Una

Call Kuster would not falter.

After getting together with Una in 1905, “eight years of misunderstandings, emotional

storm and struggle, and parental disapproval followed for them until 1913, when Una was

divorced, quite unacrimoniously” (Butterfield 414). On August subsequent, 1913, Brown and

Una were married. Like Jeffers, Mi was diversely educated and intelligent. Your woman earned a

professionals degree in philosophy and was “an expert lecturer on Irish music, structures

and art, and was an avid reader and a book reviewer for a little California magazine”

Although living in La Jolla for some months following getting married, La and Jeffers

planned on moving to Lyme Manding, England wherever Jeffers will pursue a career in


But in 1914 they determined against going abroad due to the beginning of

World Battle I and Una’s being pregnant. The beginning of the war brought on him superb angst

because “he was split between a great idealism that drove him toward acceptance despite

domestic connections and the beginning of a philosophical pacifism” (Brophy 3). Really

irritating to Jeffers was the death of his initially daughter, Maeve, one day following she was created

In September of 1914, Una and Jeffers moved to Carmel, California whose “rocky

fog-bound seacoast may have seemed the closest readily available approximation of England to

Jeffers” (Zaller 3). Unfortunately all their new-found happiness was not to last.


December twentieth of 1914, Jeffers’s dad died. Doctor Jeffers’s fatality was “deeply disquieting”

to Jeffers who portrayed his grieving through poems such as “To His Father” and “The

Season of Mourning” (Butterfield 415).

About the time Jeffers published his second book, Californians, Una gave

birth to twin kids, Donnan and Garth.

When the kids were 3 years old, the Jeffers relatives

purchased a piece of land that had a wonderful view of Carmel Bay and Level Lobos.

Robinson Jeffers immediately started building a rock cottage manually , using only stones

by his area. When the residence was completed, Jeffers started constructing what would

become a “four-tiered, forty-foot tower system, five years abuilding, from where he could

overlook the Pacific, the coastal landscape south toward the Big En se promenant sur, and the nighttime sky

filled with amazing stars” (Brophy 4). This kind of tower was very important to his family and

influential and evident in the poetry.

Even though his building projects required several years, Jeffers was frequently writing in

the meantime. “Jeffers’s daily timetable, since the early 1920s expansion of Durchgang House

was unswerving: writing in the mornings, usually in the higher floor of his holiday cottage, and

stone operate or tree-planting in the afternoons” (Brophy 6). After the day’s work was done

“there had been awesome sunsets, walks beneath the constellations, reading by gasoline

bulbs (electricity arrived only in 1949), and occasional trips to the structure parapet to

attune his micro-cosm to the galaxy of superstars and galaxies” (Brophy 6). From the year of 1924 to

1938, Jeffers published eight books.

Consequently, “Jeffers’s literary popularity

skyrocketed in the 1920s and crested in the 30s—” he was the very best into the National

Commence of Artistry and Albhabets and was awarded with honorary in Humane Letters from

Occidental College (Brophy 4, Zaller xiv). In 1941, Jeffers went on a reading and speaking

tour taken care of by the Collection of Our elected representatives, he in some way also found time to complete and

discharge Be Furious at the Sunlight. Three years after, Jeffers was voted in the American

Academy of Arts and Letters. This honor was followed by his much-liked reprise of

Medea that was featured on Broadway in 1947 by National Theater (Zaller xiv).

Life took a convert for the worse in 1948. On vacation to Ireland in europe with Mi, Jeffers nearly

died of pleurisy (Brophy 7). That same year, this individual published The Double Axe which

“produced a dramatic recession in his crucial reputation” (Brophy 5). For many years

just before it arrived, Jeffers have been predicting and fearing a second World Conflict.

His poems

in The Dual Axe were so severe and “capable of patriotically motivated treason” that

Random House publishers set a palinode on the book in an effort to “disassociate

themselves” from Jeffers’ views (Butterfield 416). Many of Jeffers’s poems openly

criticized the authority and decisions of world leaders—Stalin, Roosevelt, and Hitler—

and the negative situations that came as consequences with their choices (Coffin).

In addition to a downfall in reputation, Jeffers was disrupted by Una’s serious

illness at the begining of 1949. Her health continuing to break down until the lady passed away about

September 1st of 1950.

Above and beyond like a faithful loved one, Una was “a forceful

�troite, protective woman” and consequently, “she had been an immeasurable

source of strength” to Jeffers (Butterfield 416).

After Una’s death, Jeffers kept to himself writing a few brief yet profound poems

which this individual organized in a book called Hungerfield and Other Poems which has been published

in 1954. In the eleven years that Jeffers resided after Una’s death, this individual received the Eunice

Tietjens Funeral Prize, the Borestone Huge batch Award, being the School of

American Poets, and the Shelly Memorial Prize. Jeffers had taken one previous trip to Ireland in europe to

visit the countryside that Una had cherished so much (Zaller xv).

After this last excursion

Jeffers stayed at at the Tor House and slowly squandered away. Inspite of his immense sadness

Jeffers would not break “the pact he had made early on in his career, not to have his individual life although

to imbibe it all, possibly to the dregs” (Brophy 7). On January 20th in 1962, Jeffers died with the

Portal House. Jeffers was “a major poet person, uncomfortable, troubling, savage at times, yet

inspiriting and enhancing” (Butterfield 439).



Academy of American Poets. 1997. 3 The spring 2001.

Brophy, Robert.

“Poet of Carmel-Sur. ” Robinson Jeffers: Proportions of a Poet. Ed.

Robert Brophy.

New York: Fordham University or college Press, 95. 1-18.

Brophy, Robert. “Robinson Jeffers: Poet intended for the New 100 years.

Jeffers Research. 1 Aug 1998. a couple of April 2001.

Butterfield, R.

Watts. “Robinson Jeffers. ” American Writers: An accumulation of Literary

Biographies, Dietary supplement VII, Part

Two. Ed.

A. Walton Litz. New York: Charles Scribner’s

Sons, 1981. 413-40.

Coffin, Arthur. “Robinson Jeffers’ Life and Career. ” Modern

American Poetry. 2 The spring 2001.

Zaller, Robert. The Cliffs of Solitude: A Reading of Robinson

Jeffers. Ny: Cambridge College or university Press, 1983.

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