safeguarding welfare of children essay

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Protecting is a term which has changed the term child protection. It provides promoting kid’s safety and welfare and also protecting kids when maltreatment occurs.

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The idea of safeguarding, which in turn works to shield children, provides only been developed in the last 50 years. The need for improved legal guidelines has been featured by high-profile cases wherever abuse and neglect occurred to this sort of a serious degree, the death of Helen Colwell in 1973 and Victoria Climbie in 2000. These circumstances shocked the country because they showed the weaknesses in procedures in position at the time the cases got occurred.

The current legislation, guidelines, plans and types of procedures for safeguarding the well being of children and young people including e-safety are:

Children Work 1989

This Act identifies the required parents and professionals who have must function to ensure the safety of the kid. This Take action includes two important portions which focus specifically about child security. Section 47 states the Local Power has ‘a duty to check into when there is a reasonable trigger to realise that a child can be suffering, or perhaps likely to undergo, significant harm’.

Section 17 states that services must be implement to ‘safeguard and promote the welfare of children within the area who also are in need’.

The training Act 2002

This sets out the responsibilities of Local Education Authorities (LEAs), governing bodies, head instructors and all individuals working in colleges to ensure that children are safe and free from injury.

Children Work 2004

This provides the legal framework for each Child Matters. It includes the requirement for:

 services to work more closely, forming a built-in service

 a ‘common’ assessment of children’s requirements

 a shared databases of information which can be relevant to the safety and welfare of children

 earlier support for parents who are suffering from problems.

Guidelines which secure

Schools must develop a array of policies which in turn ensure the protection, security and well-being of their pupils. These will placed the required staff as well as the procedures that they must follow. Plans may be individual or designed into one health and safety insurance plan, but they need to include parts which cover the following problems of:

 safeguarding and protecting, and procedures intended for reporting

 e-safety

 bullying and cyber-bullying

The Department for Education (DfE) provides insight into local authorities which include schools. Universities use this assistance to develop their particular policy and procedures which in turn must be followed. They are:

Coming together to Safeguard Children (2006)

This is certainly guidance which usually sets out the duties of organisations and how they must work together to safeguard children and young adults.

What to do should you be worried that a child will be abused (2006)

This is direction to help individuals working with kids safeguard and promote their very own welfare. It also looks at the actions which usually all adults working with kids should take if they happen to be concerned.

There are key firms which are involved in safegaurding kids and young adults include ” social companies, multi-agency procedure, and collective responsibility.

Most adults inside the school include a responsibility to safeguard the welfare of kids. There must also be a known as member of staff with particular responsibilities to get safeguarding kids and for e-safety.

The safety and welfare of kids depends upon agencies working together. For example , when examining the needs of person children there might be a meeting between child and family, health services, cultural services plus the school.

Kid’s social proper care

Children’s social care contains a key function to safeguard and promote the welfare of children who are in need. To do this, they must work in alliance with parents and other organizations. When concern has been increased about a kid, and they are thought to be at risk, children’s social attention has particular responsibilities to decide on the course of action to take. If it is found which the child may be at risk of injury or abuse social employees will:

 carry out a basic assessment of kids who are thought to be at risk to find out about: for example , the kid’s needs, the power of parents to meet the children’s needs, family and environmental factors

 fulfill and execute interviews while using child and family members

 liaise with and gather relevant information about the child and the circumstances from all other agencies

 take the lead during the Child Protection Meeting

 act when a child is considered to be in instant danger.


The police job closely with children’s sociable care to safeguard children coming from harm. The police have particular role to experience. All makes have a kid Abuse Investigation Unit (CAIU). Their role and responsibilities incorporate:

 making a choice on whether a crime had been committed of course, if so , to begin with a legal investigation.

 gathering proof from kids social attention, other firms and others considered to be involved

 taking emergency action if children are in immediate risk ” this could involve getting rid of the child or perhaps removing the perpetrator

 attending courtroom to give facts when a criminal offenses has been determined.

Health professionals

Medical researchers, in particular Gps unit and doctors in unexpected emergency departments, may well examine kids with injuries which they believe may be non-accidental. They have a obligation to alert children’s sociable care when abuse is usually suspected. Medical researchers may also:

 carry out a medical assessment or findings of a kid thought to be at risk of abuse or who has suffered abuse

 contribute to kids social attention reports

 give data in the courtroom if a criminal offenses has been dedicated.

The Nationwide Society to get the Safety of Children (NSPCC) The NSPCC is a third-sector (charitable) company. Its function, as its brand suggests, is usually to work to guard children from harm. The NSPCC is definitely the only third-sector organisation (charity) which has the statutory electric power, alongside law enforcement and kids social companies, to take action once children are in danger of abuse. The NSPCC as well:

 Provides services to aid families and children

 Provides a helpline for people to call who also are worried of a child

 Provides a helpline for children in distress or perhaps danger

 Raises knowing of abuse, for instance , through advertising and marketing and training materials

 Works to influence the law and cultural policy to safeguard children better

 Stocks expertise with other professionals.


The UK Authorities for Child Internet Safety (UKCCIS) was launched in 2008 in answer to problems about Internet safety. Its position is to secure children in relation to this issue. The Council features produced a means to00 increase awareness of Internet safety, set out measures to safeguard children from unsuitable sites and establish codes of practice.

The neighborhood Safeguarding Kids Board (LSCB)

The LSCB have particular roles and responsibilities to oversee the task of various other agencies. The Board is made up from specialists from the array of children’s solutions. Serious situations of maltreatment are always examined by the LSCB. You can find out about your LSCB throughout your own regional authority

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Listed below is a table listing the regular signs and symptoms of common years as a child illness’s


Signs or symptoms


Severe headaches, weakness


Very throat infection, difficulty ingesting, fever

pain in ears and neck

Diarrhoea as well as vomiting

Diarrhoea, stomach pains / vomiting


Chicken pox

Itchy rash with blister-like physical appearance, fever


Painful and swollen mouth, pain when ever

swallowing, fever

Rubella (german measles)

Runny nose, temperature, red-pink rash, sore

neck, headache


Fever, runny nose, coughing, blotchy red-brown

locations, greyish-white spots in the mouth

Glandular fever

Fatigue, sore throat, swollen glands, fever


Red sores around mouth and nose

developing into yellow-brown crusts


Skin ringworm ” ring-like reddish colored rash with raised

rim; head ringworm ” scaly patches on remaining hair

which might feel inflamed and sensitive

It is very important to be able to recognize the signs and symptoms in a child of common illness’s so that parents can be educated and a health professional may check the symptoms to diagnose if there is anything seriously incorrect. Older children can describe the way they feel where as young children wont be able to in great fine detail. Some ways to recognize virtually any common symptoms are:

looking pale

appear to be worn out or fatigued

provides dark rings/circle around eyes

looks flushed or has a allergy

lack of appetite

is calm or cascarrabias

If Meningitis is supposed immediate medical help needs to be sought Meningitis can be hard to spot at first but may become life threatening rapidly.

All schools must have by least a single qualified 1st aider. It is crucial that everyone should know the named first aider and how they could be contacted. Almost all schools could have a system in place for summoning urgent medical assistance to the class room or the university grounds.

Minor injuries could possibly be minor reduces, bruises and abrasions. Place be addressed by a member of staff at the college and in many cases will not require your child or boy or girl to be directed home. Place be washed and washed with clean water, however lotions and creams should never be applied.

When a child has been feeling sick or poorly through out the afternoon or contains a minorinjury, the child’s father or mother or carer must be advised. Reporting to parents particularly cases just like bumping your head is important. Whether or not there are simply no obvious symptoms, the parents should know about what provides happened and the symptoms which could arise after so they can search for the symptoms.

All accidents and situations taken place should be registered inside the school accident/incident report book. Even if you have got observed an accident/incident you must provide particulars on what occurred and your activities taken. A manager or member of staff while using authority to accomplish this will total and indication the statement. Serious accidents/incidents have to be reported to the Health and Safety Professional by law.

When ever working in a college, you may be in a situation where you have to produce a decision regarding calling for important medical attention. It is important to be able to recognise the symptoms and conditions when you must summon instant help. An unexpected emergency situation which will requires urgent medical attention includes:

 severe bleeding

 unconsciousness

 choking

 breathing difficulties

 brain injuries

 epileptic seizure

 suspected fractures

 when it is thought that children have taken prescription drugs or abused substances

 disorientation.

When an accident arises you must always call for immediate help, even though you are a first aider your self. You must find out what has took place so that exact information could be given once dialling 999. It is also important to try and stay calm around other kids during the car accident as the youngsters can become extremely distressed.

Quick action ought to be taken as follows:

 Assure the child.

 Do not push the child until it is absolutely necessary.

 In the event that children are subconscious they should be placed in the recovery position.

 Do not supply the child any food or drink.

 Keep the kid warm, for instance , by placing coat over them.

 Ensure various other children in the area are generally not at risk of being hurt.

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Child abuse can happen in many forms such as:

Type of Abuse


Physical maltreatment

Physical abuse occurs a child is usually physically damage or wounded. Hitting, kicking, beating with objects, losing, scolding, suffocating, throwing and shaking are typical forms of physical abuse.

Sex abuse

Lovemaking abuse occurs a child is forced or perhaps persuaded in to sexual actions or situations by other folks.

This may be:

¢ physical contact ” including coming in contact with or functions of penetration

¢ non-physical contact ” involving children in looking at pornographic supplies or intimate moments.

Emotional maltreatment

Emotional mistreatment happens when the child suffers prolonged ill treatment which impacts their emotional development. It may well involve producing the child think frightened, ignored, worthless or perhaps in danger. At times expectations with the child happen to be inappropriate for his or her age. Mental abuse may occur alone, nevertheless often takes place with other types of mistreatment.


Overlook happens when there exists a persistent without for a infant’s health, development and mental needs. This could include offering inadequate foodstuff, shelter, apparel or health care, or not really providing for his or her educational or emotional requires.

Children could also suffer even more then one form of abuse at a time. For example a kid who is actually being abused may also think emotional abuse as a great outcome by feeling frightened and afraid.

When we imagine the types of maltreatment it is easy to imagine how they may occur in the ‘real world’, nevertheless there are now significant risks of sexual and emotional misuse for children inside the ‘virtual’ globe. The electronic world is expanding in different types of technology such as smart phones and personal computers. Children may easily access the web through their very own mobile phones, tablets and video games consoles. Images can also be downloaded through satellite navigation systems. It is not possible and irrational to suggest that children and young people tend not to use the Internet.

The world wide web plays a significant role in children’s hails from this day and age helping to support their education as well as social and recreational. Exploration shows that almost all children can access the Internet either at home, in school or somewhere else. Internet Social network amongst kids and teenagers have become a hobbies and past time in recent years after the enhance of technology through telephones and personal computer. There are many Applications on mobiles to discussion as well as on the net chat rooms. It is crucial therefore that that kids and young adults know the dangers and are in a position to protect themselves.

Risks when using the Internet

You will discover risks of sexual or emotional misuse when using the Internet. Research shows that the most common dangers for children will be:

Giving out personal data about themselves and others

Being able to access inappropriate information ” typically accidentally when innocent words and phrases are created a search engine.

Posting personal photographs and images without privacy secureness

Risks of accessing inappropriate information

We have a high risk that children might access inappropriate or pornographic materials the moment innocently trying to find information on the net. Schools should have filtering systems in place which in turn prevent use of unsuitablesites. Kids and teenagers must always be supervised when using computers in schools to minimise these kinds of risks. It is crucial that children are aware of the hazards, and of ways to protect themselves. They should as well know how to survey concerns. Almost all schools must now have an insurance policy which makes certain that children are protected and are trained how to use the Internet safely.

Consequences of posting personal information

Kids increasingly use social networking sites and online diaries. These have got a minimum grow older but kids of on the lookout for years or younger have been completely known to utilize them as anyone can easily enter a fraudulent grow older to gain admittance into the sites. Children often place information regarding themselves on the web, which makes it possible for them to be identified. Consist of addresses, contact numbers and sometimes even photographs. This makes these people easy objectives for adults who wish to exploit these people by:

Talking to and building ‘friendships’ with children on the web with the goal of appointment the child ” this is named grooming

Pushing children to engage in conversations which are intimate in character taking and/or distributing photographs using the Internet

Showing personal information just like address and phone number

Children spend 50 percent their daily hours at school, so it is unsurprising that colleges have a particular responsibility to consider signs that abuse may be happening. Most likely among the children, there will be children who have knowledgeable some form of misuse. As a educating assistant one could regularly assist children in small teams or on a one-to-one basis. It is likely as the person who the child feels more comfy to talk to when the rest of the category are not around. It is important to find out how to recognise when maltreatment may be taking place and what action you need to take.

It is important to avoid getting to conclusions, however you should always be observant. You could notice physical signs or changes in a child’s behavior, or the child may sign or reveal to you that they are being mistreated orbullied. You must also think about how you would respond if a kid were to hint or reveal this to you. A child probably will be reluctant to express any information of maltreatment due to fear of the outcome and consequences. It is vital to be peaceful and comforting.


Statement concerns about possible signs or changes in behaviour to the designated person or your manager Consider what children say significantly ” it should take a lot of courage to share with you and kids will hardly ever lie about abuse Assure children that they will be not to blame if they tell you they’ve been abused Notify children that you will have to tell someone who can help all of them Write down what you have observed or what has been said ” nevertheless keep the details secure

Hardly ever:

Promise to hold information a secret

Investigate additional or ask questions

Look shocked

Make pledges to kids.

All organisations which work with children have a responsibility to generate staff who have are suitable and qualified to do business with children. When a member of staff first applies to work together with children, they will have been asked to develop a form to disclose any vérité that they may have (DBS). Even with these kinds of checks in place abuse can easily, and provides, happened inside schools. This is certainly called institutional abuse. Almost all staff possess a duty to comply with policy and types of procedures. Failure to comply may put children at risk of injury or maltreatment, so concerns should always be reported to the specified person pertaining to safeguarding or maybe the head teacher.

If somebody have worries that a friend is abusing a child, their particular actions needs to be exactly the same like the abuser is a parent or guardian, family member or perhaps stranger. Quick action should be taken to guard children by simply informing the head teacher. In the event the allegation is against the brain teacher, you must report concerns to the designated person pertaining to child protection or straight tothe Education Authority.

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