steam distillation composition

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The goal of this experiment is to get Eugenol via Cloves applying steam handiwork as a refinement technique and also to transfer Eugenol from the aqueous phase to the MeCl2 period. With vapor distillation, the boiling level of a combination of immiscible liquids is lower than the boiling parts of the individual pieces. Water from the steam is one of the components of an immiscible water mixture. The vapor challenges of each in the components throughout the distillation happen to be additive. And, the outcome is actually a co-distilled mixture of water and immiscible pieces.

The organic components can be separated via water.


First all of us set up a great apparatus for any direct method steam handiwork, using a 500 mL three-necked round-bottomed flask. A 125 mL Erlenmeyer flask utilized as a collection flask. Located 7 g of clove buds/ground cloves into the flask and added 150 milliliters water. Started out heating having a Bunsen burner to create a steady rate of distillation. Whilst distilling, all of us continued to include water from your addition direct, as needed, to maintain the level of the water in the distilling flask.

Continued until 75 milliliters was collected.

Chilled. Emptied the water from the addition direct and positioned the perfectly chilled distillate in it. Extract the distillate twice with 10 milliliters portions of CH2Cl2. Added the Ch2Cl2 into the heavy steam distillate, then gently swirled. Each time, strained the lower part through a tiny amount of anhydrous Na2SO4 into a single tared 50 milliliters Erlenmeyer flask with 1 boiling processor chip. Evaporated the solvent by using a steam cone in the cover. Dried the outside of the flask and acessed. Calculated the weight-percent recovery of the petrol from the initial amount of cloves employed. Then, we all determined the infrared range of the petrol.

Results, Data, Calculations

Weight of empty cooking flask: 32. 022g

Weight of flask with oil: 33. 651g

Eugenol essential oil: 1 . 632g

Observe glass fat: 50. 288g

Cloves: 7. 011g

% of Primitive Eugenol Remote: 1 . 632 x 100 / several. 011g = 23. 28%

(see attached IR spectrum)

Discussion of Results

Steam handiwork of cloves produced 1 ) 632g associated with an oil that contained a great “OH by 3516. 91 cm-1, a C-H by 2937. 59 cm-1, and a C=O at 1605. 50 cm-1. (The MARCHAR spectrum is definitely attached). These are generally contained in Eugenol. The product from your steam distillation of cloves corresponds carefully to the sample of Eugenol as explained in the manual. Therefore , the oil remote was Eugenol. 1 . 632g of eugenol was taken out from six. 011g of cloves. This kind of gave all of us a percent recovery of 23. 28% (as confirmed above in calculations).

Predicted is 10%, so each of our recovery is fairly high. Conceivable reasons for this might be due to the make use of a smaller Bunsen burner, which in turn created a decrease flame, making us to let the combination boil at a longer period of time. Boiling the mixture to get such a long time could have extracted even more out of the cloves. Also, the cloves were supposed to be grinded, but our grinded cloves had a lot of large chunks that would not grind. Those that did not work could have got more essential oil in them compared to the smashed ones. The grinding the cloves could have lost several oils too. Otherwise, from 7. 011g of cloves we have recovered about 3. 38% eugenol oil.


In this test, it was displayed that regarding 23. 38% of eugenol oil could be recovered via cloves by simply steam handiwork. The essential oil was referred to as Eugenol by comparison of the infrared variety with a geniune sample.


Infrared Spectroscopy notes, Dr . Etoga. March 5, 2012, Chem 234 class Monday Chemistry 234 San Francisco Point out University Hormone balance Manual 2012


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