structural and cultural obstacles to the up

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SOCIOLOGY – HOW WORKING-CLASS PEOPLE EXPERIENCE THE TWO STRUCTURAL AND CULTURAL BARRIERS TO UPWARDS MOBILITY.

The American Fantasy is a popular cultural fiction that drives many Americans to continue to work hard and persistently for upwards mobility. However, structural and cultural boundaries show which the American Dream is too often a myth pertaining to the working school. The works of G. William Domhoff and Barbara Ehrenreich provide two valuable perspectives within the obstacles that many in the operating class are unable to overcome so as to have the American Dream.

Structural Barriers to Upward Range of motion

The continual American Imagine upward range of motion through hard work and willpower has proved to be a cruel myth to get working class people. The cruelty, reasons and effects of the myth happen to be revealed by simply G. Bill Domhoff and Barbara Ehrenreich from two different viewpoints. Domhoff strategies the myth as being a research professor who studies, interprets and sometimes verifies other research regarding the fantasy. Ehrenreich looks at it like a culture critic and article writer who purposely marginalizes their self to experience the reduce working school first-hand in Florida, Maine and Mn.

The structural barriers faced by the doing work class are established and maintained by the owners and administrators of America’s much larger income-generating real estate, like corporations, banks and agricultural businesses. According to Domhoff, these kinds of wealthy and powerful makes lobby, certainly and directly become involved in planning policy upon important nationwide issues, help to make large campaign donations to politicians assisting their continuing domination, impact on the people being equiped to policy-making government positions, and sometimes even their own appointments to policy-making federal government positions. Domhoff’s article summarizes his studies that upper class people individual nearly 50% of all independently owned inventory in organizations, powerfully control corporations through their family offices, investment organizations and holding companies, and stand for a high percentage of company board users and are maintained middle managers who share their ideals (Domhoff, 06\, p. 71). If the current financial and power structures in America could be summarized in one sentence, Domhoff would say that the system is usually “rigged. inch

Barbara Ehrenreich’s experience differs from Domhoff’s because the girl sees the rigged system from the ditches, for example , when ever she performs in Minneapolis and needs a place to live. Even though she demands affordable housing, the city’s housing openings rate was lower than 1% in general and sank to 1/10 of the availability in affordable housing for the working class; as a result, many the working class had to live in shelters instead of in their very own rented spots (Ehrenreich, 2011, p. 140). Ehrenreich as well experiences structural barriers in the amounts of cash she is paid out. One full-time job’s income are not enough to pay out all necessities like rent and meals. In fact , actually two full-time jobs are not able to give support her mainly because working 16-hour days makes her therefore mentally and physically worn out that she gets to take off on both equally her opportunities in Florida (Ehrenreich, 2011, l. 32). Ehrenreich doesn’t generate as many large judgments about the wealthy vs . poor people as does Domhoff because her experience was immediate instead of taken from broad studies; yet , she continue to encounters the structural conditions that maintain the working category from

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