sum up learning and teaching approaches essay

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My own, personal specialism is usually health care, especially pre hospital care, via simple first aid through to recognising and treating life threatening conditions. For example , the management of cardiac arrest. My own target learner is the place person, a person with little or no medical training or perhaps health care experts who have zero training or little knowledge in the pre hospital environment for example a GP or perhaps dentist. Identifying needs and assessing learning is my main approach as a tutor. So I could possibly be assigned a grouping of learners who need to acquire a “First Aid For Work degree.

(Hse. gov. uk, 2014)

I would initially asses existing knowledge, might the lesson be beginning with the very essentials or working away at some existing knowledge? I might insure I have a suitable learning environment, considering suitable redecorating, space pertaining to practical presentations and cases, with very little outside distractions as possible. For example , non-learners probably would not be present, offering the students confidence to take part in activities or perhaps be singing.

Secure, with regards to fire exits. A dynamic risk assessment (Healthandsafetyatwork. com, 2014) would be accomplished before every session. Ideal toilet and other facilities need to be available.

My personal teaching strategy would be doing a task as an example, repetition from the task and simple explanations as to the I was doing will be factors Let me use to help retain and re-enforce info given, Dales Cone of Learning suggests that the Active learning approach enables 90% of precisely what is taught to be remembered. Dale, (1969). Or perhaps, “I notice and I ignore. I see and i also remember. I really do and I figure out.  Confucius (551 BC ” 479 BC). Therefore the basic framework of my own teaching ideas will be theory, practical exhibition, repeat exhibition, learner participation, questions and answers. Let me ensure that my own knowledge and information is up to date keeping up with; WONDERFUL guidelines (nice. org. uk/guidance)

Resus council (resus. org. uk/pages/guide. htm)

English Heart Base (bhf. org. uk)

Joint Hoheitsvoll Colleges Secours Liaison Panel (jrcalc. org. uk/)

1 ) 2 Make clear how methods to learning and teaching in own specialism meet the needs of learners The emphasis here is around the importance of experience, meaning, problem-solving and the advancement insights (Burns 1995, g. 112) I have discovered that the cognitive theories of learning can be applied to my own learners to assist me to know the way in which my personal students can easily best learn from the subject Now i’m teaching. Therefore i plan my personal lessons with theory, then a demonstration, suggesting various tools/ways in which the task can be accomplished. Then I possess a practical activity, where My spouse and i sometimes break the students in to groups, which in turn enables them to explore the possibilities in solving something of their own making use of the techniques exhibited. During the theory part of the treatment, I gauge what the novice already is aware of by asking questions. Such as; I would open a session with What is actually a cardiac arrest?  and then go on to discuss what cardiac arrest is and build upon any existing knowledge.

While using back ground knowledge I tell you a practical exhibition of how to deal with some in cardiac arrest, detail by detail, explaining what I’m doing, the potential problems and possible different results and how to manage them. This may not be done in real time but in one step wise strategy taking a chance to explain each step of the process and answer questions accordingly. When satisfied the learners be familiar with correct purchase of events I perform a real time demo, followed by quick questions and answers, Then i get the students to perform the work in real time, supplying encouragement and help as they need it, followed by brief feedback. We all access learning through all our senses, normally favour one particular.

We procedure visually (by sight), auditorally (by sound), kinaesthetically (by moving), and tactilely (by touch). I try to incorporate this inside my teaching. My own approach to learning is active and passive; I feel it is vital to teach the idea when managing a person in cardiac arrest for instance , but the lively participation with the learner features greater importance. “Learning works better when it is the rather than a passive process.  (Euripides c. 480 ” 406 BCE)

1 . 3 Describe areas of inclusive learning

Few professors are purposely prejudiced; a lot of the discrimination is usually unintentional. (Petty 2004: 81). As a point out registered paramedic I always try to be non-judgemental, I like to think that this is one of my features as it is necessary that all patients receive the greatest care coming from me constantly. I was constantly which there is a bigger picture and I am not always conscious of the full situations around my personal patient or learner. Let me apply similar principles to my learners to make sure they each receive the same standard of teaching, this is important in my opinion not only by an honest point of view yet from the point of view that my goal is to educate the put person to offer simple but effective lifesaving treatment. Petty (1998: 69) states: ‘All students need to feel that they are positively and equally respected and recognized, and that their very own efforts to find out are accepted, and evaluated without tendency. It is not enough that they are suffered. They must think that they, and the groups where they fit in (e. g. gender, social-class or achievement groups) happen to be fully and equally approved and valued by you, and the organization in which you work’.

To ensure comprehensive learning, Let me ensure my own comments are not taken as discriminatory or offensive. I will work with material and teaching aids that signify different genders, disabilities, age range, races and religions. Ideal to start defibrillators I prefer are suitable for visible and the experiencing impaired novice. I adapt my sessions for the person. For those learners unable to carry out the physical aspects for reasons uknown are taught to instruct others to perform the tasks on their behalf. This kind of insures My spouse and i don’t discriminate unintentionally. Comprehensive teaching is achievable when equality and diversity plans are favorably promoted. Introduction means that all learners’ requirements, and someone learner may possibly have more than one will need, are satisfactorily met to enable full involvement in the learning process.

‘Every learner has got the right to anticipate that they will acquire high quality learning, appropriate to their needs and circumstances in a safe and healthy environment’. (Success for all those, DES 2002) Apart from the ethical and moral aspect of teaching there is also the legal feature which means I have a duty to actively encourage equality of opportunity for disabled people that was placed on educational establishments under the Disability Discrimination Act june 2006 for example.

2 . 1 Explain how to choose inclusive learning and instructing techniques Instructing first aid is around teaching a life skill to all different groups of people from almost all back reasons. They may have to use their life keeping skills on a stranger or possibly a member of their particular family, it’s extremely different. When booking my sessions and area it will be necessary that the venue will their very own support demands and requirements are fulfilled. So basically need to appeal to a impaired learner I can ensure the venue and learning elements are available. At the start of the session an Ice breakers is a good method to acquire learners interacting with each other and help to get the students to know one other and can begin to break down limitations that scholars may include. A practical factor may be more appropriate for scholars that learn kinaesthetically in the event that they have a problem with written work.

I will display any functional task prior to learner below takes these to cater for the ones that learn creatively; this learning method may also work well with hands on, psycho motor treatment. This can be described as a Learning pyramid. The first 4 stages, spiel, reading, sound visual and demonstration happen to be passive learning methods. In comparison, the bottom 3 stages dialogue, group, practice by doing and teach others are participatory or effective learning methods. Inclusive teaching in a suitable well-chosen environment with the correct teaching aids and supplies that go well with all learners together with a comprehensive teaching approach like the learning pyramid (thepeakperformancecenter. com) means every spanish student will feel appreciated and included and will discover how to the best of their ability.

installment payments on your 2 Clarify how to choose resources that meet the needs of students Before a scheduled appointment starts the important to discover if any learners have got any particular requirements. Such as interpreter or British sign language übersetzungsprogramm. When reading materials are used in my program I will consider large clear fonts which may be more suitable for some learners with visual impairments. Dyslexic learners may gain from paper that may be thick enough to prevent the other side showing through. I would make use of matt conventional paper rather than shiny and avoid digital print processing which is likely to leave paper shiny. We would also steer clear of white skills for daily news, computer and visual helps. White may appear also dazzling, it can better to use cream or possibly a softpastel colours. Some dyslexic people may have their own colour preference. Web site that are suitable would be very basic, evenly spread sans serif font just like Arial and Comic Without. Alternatives contain Verdana, Tahoma, Century Gothic, Trebuchet. Font size needs to be 12-14 point.

Some dyslexic readers may possibly request a more substantial font. It is best to avoid green and red/pink as these will be difficult pertaining to colour-blind persons. Braille is actually a consideration though less than a single percent of visually impaired people in britain can read that. ( March 2012) Thus maybe for the learners more practical activities may be ideal or IT based equipment could be employed, for example a text visitor. Computers change the writing process by making it easier to develop and record ideas and to edit concepts. Technology is definitely an assistive tool replacing a great ability that is either lacking or disadvantaged. Reece and Walker (2000, p195) point out “Thus, something that you use to reinforce your teaching, or learning strategy, or anything you get the students to use, can be called a learning aid or possibly a resource

2 . 3 Clarify how to generate assessment options that meet the needs of learners. You need to see if my personal learners are progressing, learning new skills which you can use later on. As well, in certain periods I teach there will be requirements to meet by governing systems, for example , when teaching a rescuer defibrillator familiarisation the Resuscitation Authorities (UK) requires a three hour session. (resus. org. uk Jan. 2013) There are different ways in which scholars can be assessed, and often there exists flexibility when doing a training course for students to submit job or components of assessment in different ways. One example is; written, useful demonstrated learning. It is important to find out from your learners how they would rather be assessed if possible, and where feasible try to support that. Voice recording is another technique of assessment that will allow me to evaluate the learning, with no use of drafted assignments.

It will be worth considering a dictionary to get learners resting written tests whose initial language just isn’t English. I would personally use an Casual assessment, such things as questioning, expert assessment and teacher declaration, generally keeping a discrete watch over the learner’s progress. These types of examination are beneficial because it lets me judge the progress from the learners through the lesson with out putting all of them under pressure or perhaps stress. It alsohelps myself judge when they are ready for formal assessment. Let me question them about selected techniques learnt and they will display, discuss and explain those to me.

I will make a formal assessment in the learner’s know-how and approach referencing the research criteria. After the formative evaluation has been built I’ll make a summative comment describing how the student has generally done and possible areas for upcoming improvement. It is important that any moderator has facts that learning how to the standard required to meet the criteria happened. So learning evidence will be documented and kept for future reference point. These types of tests are beneficial because it lets me judge the progress in the learners through the lesson without putting them under pressure or perhaps stress. It also helps me personally judge when they are ready for formal assessment.

2 . 4 Describe how to provide opportunities intended for learners to practise their particular literacy, language, numeracy and ICT expertise It’s tough for scholars to practice literacy, numeracy and ICT expertise when they are being trained as first aiders or rescuers as it’s about using a systematic step wise way and sound judgment plays a serious role. Nevertheless , language skills can be practised in group discussions and I motivate questions at any time during the period. Numeracy expertise can be practised when determining an subconscious patient, such as when examining breathing the learners ought to demonstrate that they see if the sufferer is inhaling more than 2 times over five seconds, this is done by appearance, listen and feeling the patients breath. CPR is completed at a ratio of 30: a couple of so 25 chest contrainte to two breathes.

Children listed below puberty should receive five rescue breathes, in that case 30: 2 . (resus. org. uk 2005) Literacy abilities can be performed with various English language language literature handed out at the end of the program for the learner to reflect after, it contains crafted subject matter covered in my instructing with photographic step by step photographs of techniques taught. Almost all of my sessions are not taught in a class setting. My spouse and i teach for the shop flooring, in rail stations, in theatres and the like so entry to computers is usually not an choice. But I do encourage students to visit internet sites for more information as well as to refresh their learning. Self-learning is encouraged in the home or job, online. Promoting information on-line is available by organisations such as the British Heart Foundation or The Resuscitation councilUK.

3. you Explain ways to engage and motivate scholars in an comprehensive learning environment I like to educate my classes in an non-traditional set up or perhaps lay out, such as not normal classroom rows of desks. Quite often this is the only option I’ve because I actually don’t train in a class environment generally. My educating often takes place on the shop floor, movie theater foyers possibly store bedrooms. I like to set up the chairs in an comprehensive horseshoe condition. No scholars are at the spine of the school, all are designed to feel equal. Also working with medical themes can be emotive and ‘close to home’ for example in the event the learner has already established a recent bereavement, so in this format really easier to watch my students. I take the desks apart as my sessions happen to be practical and i also see tables as boundaries between me and my personal learners. My objective is they learn functional skills the theory is less significant and I decrease note currently taking to guarantee full attention, so tables are not needed.

I offer literature towards the end of the session so theory can be researched at the learner’s leisure. I actually motivate learners with success rates which can be improving annually, for example; if the defibrillator is utilized in the 1st minute following cardiac arrest arises the patient has a ninety percent chance of survival. (bhf. org. uk/heart-health/nation-of-lifesavers). Or perhaps use the sort of Fabrice muamba (fabrice-muamba. com) who survived a cardiac arrest due to great CPR and access to a defibrillator. I also stimulate my learners with simple but powerful practical skills which the most of people can easily learn like the recovery position (nhs. uk). I encourage first aid because something empowering and a vital life skill that everyone should have for them to give aid to friends and family, friends and strangers equally.

3. a couple of Summarise ways to establish rules with students to promote admiration for others. Deals have to be produced about anticipated behaviour in the classroom. Ground rules are mutually arranged arrangements between the teacher and the learners, to market mutual respect and to make sure both tutor and student know what should be expected from each other. So limitations need to be collection by the educator or by the teacher and the learners together. “Settingground guidelines will help everybody know all their limits Gravells. A, (2008 pg 7) Ground rules ought to set at the beginning of a teaching session and is done in a bunch discussion that features all students, I feel that student will stick to rules if they are involved in the producing of the guidelines. It may be recommended if I display the ground rules during the instructing session as a reminder and if required for reference.

A lot of rules are certainly not for settlement, for example , health insurance and safety, open fire rules, simply no smoking and so on. Other guidelines would be around the use of cellphones, leaving the room, being timely after mutually agreed others breaks, student discussion with regards of shared respect, and course requirements. “Without rules, disruption may possibly occur and affect the learning of your group Gravells. A, (2008 pg 7) My own limited teaching experience shows to me that teaching a learner to be a rescuer is very important to the spanish student and the spanish student can see the value of ground rules, however , individual discussions tend to use in class which cause disruption this is certainly a ground rule I will aim to implement in the future.

3. 3 Clarify ways to provide constructive reviews that motivates learners. Feedback is an essential element for both educators and students. Giving responses is a activity I will perform continuously as a teacher, enabling my students know in which they are with learning and where to go subsequent in terms of objectives and desired goals. Feedback is known as a useful tool for indicating when ever things are choosing the right direction or intended for redirecting complications with learner’s overall performance. My target in offering feedback is always to provide assistance by supplying information within a useful fashion; either to back up effective learning, or to guide someone again on track toward successful learning, I will also rely on my learner’s responses to ensure my own teaching is meeting the expectations and requirements of my students and program objectives. I will aim to offer a balance between positive and negative feedback to avoid a great un-balanced and inaccurate message to my personal learners.

To encourage improvement without demoralising my scholars. I would likewise encourage a response from my own learners to verify that I can adapt my educating in any way to accommodate needs. Constructive feedback is usually information-specific, issue-focused, and based on observations. Constructive feedback will certainly identify strong points to highlight what the learner has been doing well and areas intended for improvement in which the learnermight did better. I would personally initially provide feedback privately, in private and by speaking as sensible tasks are carried out, with out distracting learners from the process at hand. I will give formal written responses along with verbal feedback after an assessment. We would make sure opinions is given for yourself and at a suitable time and place. I will inspire a spoken response coming from my scholars and mutually agreed action plans in the event required.

Honest and genuine discussions about feedback is a positive strategy, I feel. Opinions I feel needs to be honest and accurate thus i will prevent telling a learner that they can did an admirable job on an examination, it may make the learner feel great but it would not help the novice to understand all their strengths. I will not criticise my novice without environment realistic desired goals to help improvement. I will not be fraudulent to save the learners feeling’s as this kind of ultimately does not help the learner to improve. I actually give my own learners a feedback contact form at the end of my lessons and inspire feedback via emails to monitor my own improvement.

We encourage this feedback being sent to my line administrator and then submitted to me to encourage trustworthiness. I will as well self-evaluate, reflect and boost based on learner’s feedback and self-evaluation. Responses is essential within my field of teaching to ensure my own learners qualify and program objectives thus ultimately they can provide the best patient treatment possible. So after my personal learner features treated the patient, regardless of outcome they will know they have done everything they will could have done for that person.


Healthandsafetyatwork. com, (2014). Dynamic risk assessment: moving goals. [online] Sold at: [Accessed 20 Aug. 2014]. NICE recommendations (

Resus council (

British Heart Foundation (,

Joint Royal Schools Ambulance Liaison Committee ( Hse. gov. uk, (2014). First aid at the job ” First aid at work. [online] Available at: [Accessed 20 Aug. 2014]. PDF Icon http://www.educational-learning/learning/principles-of-learning/learning-pyramid/


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