syria edu educational development in thesis

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Educational Goals, Curriculum Development, Central Eastern, Education Administration

Research from Thesis:

In Chapter you of this survey, the creators pose several important concerns – 1st, “How much have MENA countries committed to human capital through education? ” inside the past four decades, and second, “What is the impact of this investment on the level, quality and distribution of human capital? ” (the Road Not Traveled, 9). In order to solution these concerns, we must check with a number of furniture in the VETA report which will sheds much light upon Syria’s previous and current educational program and how it is linked to the country’s economy.

Firstly, in Table 1 . 1 ), the Average of Public Costs in Education as a Percentage of GDP, between 1965 and 1974, the percentage was at a few. 3; among 1975 and 1984, 5. 4; among 1985 and 1994, 5. 3, and between 1995 and the year 2003, 3. 2 which indicates that Syria’s costs on education rose between 1975 and 1984 then dropped to a level nearly equal to the period of 65 to mid 1970s. These figures show that Syria’s requirement for human capital as it pertains to education began relatively very well and then plummeted, perhaps because of changes in Syria’s economic circumstances in the 1990’s. In Table 1 . 2, Public Expenditure per College student, we find that primary spending per scholar in 80 stood by $22 in addition to 2002 had risen to $477; secondary spending per student in 2002 stood at $883, but tertiary spending per pupil in 2002 is write off, due to too little of data. In Table 1 ) 5, Normal Years of Training for those older than fifteen, in 1960 the number stood by 1 . thirty five, in 1980 at 3. 65 in addition to 2000 for 5. 77. These previous figures show that regardless of the Syrian government’s mandate of providing an education to all of its citizens, most by no means went past the sixth grade (the Road Not Traveled, 14, 12 16). As to check scores, Stand 1 . six, the Average Test out Scores of TIMSS and PISA, reveals that in 2003 there were zero test ratings available for Syria; however , intended for the three Gulf States of Bahrain, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia, the VETA Development Survey claims that test scores for these declares were “essentially flat, ” one cause being that “the very high GDP/capita in the three oil states reflects riches per inhabitant” and is not the “kind of wealth based on advanced schooling… associated with children’s higher academics performance in school” (the Road Certainly not Traveled, 19-20).

Without a doubt, probably the most important disadvantages related to the availability of human capital is usually Syria’s without an adequate and secular education to it is citizens, individuals between the ages of five and twenty-one. In sum, with no educated community, a country like Syria cannot compete within a global economic climate. As Nimrod Raphaeli describes, this some weakness in individual capital is usually directly linked to the Syrian economy which during the last forty years has remained “an woefully outdated, inefficient and heavily-regulated socialist command economy” ruled over by a “quasi-totalitarian regime seen as political and educational repression and by large-scale file corruption error, ” especially in the educational system (“Syria’s Fragile Overall economy, ” 245). Other disadvantages are linked to Syrian financial growth which 2005 was obviously a modest four. 6% then dropped to three. 5% in 2006 (Raphaeli, “Syria’s Fragile Economy, ” 246). In addition , Joshua M. Landis maintains that Syria has chosen “not to follow a path of spiritual liberalism, ” due to the continuing influence with the Baath Party. Landis as well points out that if the current Syrian govt ever loses power, “the education Syrians acquire at school will not contribute to the continuation of policies of religious exclusion and intolerance” (“Islamic Education in Syria, inch Internet). Hence, the overall top quality of the educational system in modern Syria appears to be very reasonable, due to the Syrian government’s refusal to base their educational system about secularism and the modest progress of the economy which the long run must improve in order that Syrian pupils can contend in today’s global economic environment.


Landis, Joshua M. “Islamic Education in Syria: Undoing Secularism. inches 2008. Internet.

Retrieved Oct 22, 2008 at

Raphaeli, Nimrod. “Syria’s Fragile Economy. ” MERIA – Middle East Review of Intercontinental Affairs. Volume. 11 number 2 (June 2007): 245-50. Available online by

Syrian Education. inch Country Studies. 2008. Catalogue of Congress. Internet. Gathered October

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