terrorism essay introduction

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Terrorism: Cause and Responses

June 16, 2005

Response 1

Our world has been a sufferer of terrorism and terrorist acts because the civilized man life began on this globe. There have been foncier and extremists who have been disappointed about some thing or the various other all along during the advancement our world. It could be seen the fact that ways just how these people terrorized the world has changed along with time. Terrorists have always used the road of assault to obtain voice observed to the world. With the technologies these groups also tailored their way of violence.

One of the types of the traditional terrorist group (which I must clear that any Indian may not believe that to be a terrorist group nevertheless at the time was labeled as a terrorist group) was Hindustan (Indian) Republican Association in India. Depends upon knows that India got their independence through the path aimed by Mahatma Gandhi of nonviolence, but is not many people know that also during the time of Gandhi India do see a lot of brave soldiers like Chandrashekhar Azad, Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev, and many more fresh generation people that formed organizations to combat against the English government. These people were known as terrorists by the British authorities during that time. One of the most popular groups of time was Hindustan (Indian) Conservative Association (HRA) and Bhagat Singh was one of the most effective members of group. Prior to Bhagat Singh joined HRA the activities plus the purpose of this kind of group was unknown to the general public of India and that was you should know that your population of India thought that this group was a terrorist organization, nevertheless everything improved after Bhagat Singh signed up with HRA. Bhagat Singh was a well educated guy who supported communism. This individual studied the writings of the anarchist innovator Bakunin, just one thing of the dad of communism Marx, although more of Lenin, Trotsky and more who had been successful in causing a revolution in their country. For Bhagat Singh the decisive break arrived the post-1926 period when the Hindustan His party Association management fell in the shoulders. He lost almost no time in articulating the necessity of using a political ideology and that was going to be Marxism.

In 1928, Bhagat Singh also had the responsibility of the Hindustan Republican Affiliation with Chandra Shekhar Azad, other commanders having been provided for the gallows or given a lifestyle sentence. The vital thing he did was to change its name to the Hindustan (Indian) Socialist His party Association (HSRA). The get together was identified with a central committee and with regional and region committees below it. Most decisions were to be taken in these committees, the greater part decisions were to be binding on all. HSRA did a large number of violent functions to deal with against the United kingdom government, they looted a train in Kakori which was carrying plenty of government cash, they also murdered a British expert, and the biggest act was your bombing inside the Legislative Assemblage. By this time most of the young technology of India had began believing in Bhagat Singh and had been joining HSRA. Bhagat Singh was labeled a terrorist and to show the English government incorrect he did the bombing in the legal assembly and turned him self in, to ensure that he may bring the fact of the corrupt government ahead of the people of India by simply fighting his own circumstance in the the courtroom. Bhagat Singh believed the fact that perception of the existence of sophistication cleavages in society likewise led to the understanding that violence would be essential to bring in regards to a change in the social structure. It was a violence that destroyed to make. The Communist Party of India was created in 1925-26 and had to almost instantly go underground. Within the next half a dozen years Bhagat Singh was executed and it is still one of the big ifs of the past whether he’d have signed up with the party as his companions did.

On the other hand whenever we talk about the new generation terrorism the example of al-Qaeda will be appropriate. While discussed in class and also from my own knowledge I can admit one of the most detrimental terrorist teams the world got every is viewed al-Qaeda. This group is among the new technology terrorist groupings, it all started in early 1995 when Osama bin Packed came back to Afghanistan by Sudan. Just about every educated person in this world knows al-Qaeda or Bin laden the founder of this group. The worst thing regarding this group is definitely Bin Packed is the leader of a movements that doesnt necessarily need a leader to operate and be successful, said Juliette N. Kayyem, a terrorism expert in the Harvard University or college Kennedy School of Government and a former part of the Nationwide Commission on Terrorism. This is such a diffuse composition that it might survive without him. (Benjamin Weiser and Tim Golden, Sept. 2010 30, 2001, the New You are able to Times). The al-Qaeda includes many Islamic extremists and radicals whom believe in reuniting all the Islamic countries jointly and to fulfill this aim they perform terrorist acts in the name of Jihad (Holy War). The al-Qaeda group received its financing from a large number of rich Islamic individuals who recognized their values and with the accompanied by a these funds they had had the capacity to get hold of extremely high-priced weapons and in addition created several terrorist teaching camps. ‘s Qaeda acquired taken wonderful advantage of the protection of the Taliban in Afghanistan to produce a steady availability of arms and camps to train recruits coming from around the world. The terrorist camps were the hub for training the radicals for using the newest technologies offered to the civil world to produce terror on the globe by the violent acts. The brand new generation terrorists are believed to be perfectly educated different, who can quickly understand and use the fresh technologies and weapons to attain their desired goals. The training camps trained the jihadis intensively in the fields like, employing modern forearms and ammunitions, breaching security, gathering brains, kidnapping, finding targets, undertaking surveillance, making bombs, plus the hijacking of buses and planes.

The strike of Sept 11, 2001 proved depends upon how able and properly trained these people were. The whole strategy was plotted in Afghanistan and with the help of Bin Stuffed it was completed in America, the hijackers were well trained in breaching the safety, and traveling by air the aircraft so that they can become crashed in to the determined goals. It is also believed that these businesses do have abilities of manufacturing weapons of mass pillage which they is not going to hesitate to use if necessary.

We can evidently see how the new generation terrorists have evolved from the traditional ones and how they have adapted themselves in using the technologies, from the small explosive device blasts to bombing community buildings and embassies all over the world to suicide bombings to well designed acts like, using air aeroplanes as bombs in eliminating their targets.

Answer a couple of

General reasons behind terrorism! What are the general reasons behind terrorism? qualified prospects too easily to looking at the usual potential foods: poverty, injustice, exploitation, stress, ethnicity, and religion or religious differences. These are some of the general triggers that I surely could think off but the real list of basic causes is merely endless. Conveying these causes of terrorism can be an easy job and a hardcore job at the same time, I will make an effort to explain these causes that we have mentioned to the best of my potential.

Low income: Poverty has to be an important source of terrorism. It is so believed that poverty is an important cause of terrorism because many of the Islamic countries in the world happen to be poor and terrorists generally speaking are expected to get from an Islamic region. I dont agree to the fact that poverty is an important cause for people to get in to terrorist serves. I say this because I believe so for the reason that biggest case defying the idea is Osama bin Packed, he comes from a multimillionaire Saudi family members. Bin Filled is the owner of al-Qaeda and the person responsible for the 9/11 strike. As reviewed in class the complete 9/ll strike was financed by well-off Saudis and Egyptians, people of the rich Gulf persons, or rich sons of Lebanon. I do not don’t agree that many poor Islamic countries like Egypt, Morocco, Palestine, Afghanistan, and other similar countries support terrorism but this is also a fact these countries should not provide the terrorist groups while using wealth they need.

Injustice: People admit injustice and inequality bread of dogs terrorism, which is true to some extent. I can support this affirmation by giving the example of Ireland in europe, one of the most important reasons for terrorism in Ireland or inside the formation of IRA was the unjust English government. The Catholics in Ireland are not given the same rights while the Protestants which elevated the feeling of discontent, unhappiness and anger in the Catholics. The first group that was formed pertaining to the legal rights of Catholics in Ireland in europe was the Combined Irishmen. The goal of United Irishmen was to take those path of nonviolence and get the Catholics their legal rights in Ireland in europe, but due to the time in and time out repression attempts from your unjust Uk government led this group to change with time which in turn eventually ended up being the Irish Republican Military (IRA). We all know what has been happening in Ireland since. But offering all the fault to just injustice for the cause of terrorism is usually not satisfactory, because there are various other reasons resulting in people to take the path of terrorism.

The other case in point similar to Ireland is Ceylon (veraltet) where the Tamil Tigers LTTE group is usually conducting terrorist acts in Sri Lanka for his or her basic privileges.

Exploitation: Fermage can also be a key point in making people to dedicate terrorist functions. I had a category last term in which I had fashioned a case examine of Shell Oil Company in Nigeria. I guess you could be familiar with this case and so I is not going to go in a lot of detail about the case although from what I remember Saro-Wiwa was executed in Nigeria which turned out to be a big a significant the international news. The synopsis with this case was that Shell Oil Company acquired one of its biggest plants in Nigeria and a large percentage of their oil used to come from this kind of plant. Layer was making huge revenue from the oils it was receiving from this grow and so was your government. The corrupt authorities of Nigeria was producing lots of money from the Shell Firm but in returning the local people who were employed in the organization and also the basic population whose lands were being used were not getting anything. The economical condition of the folks of Nigeria never improved but instead got worse with time and exploitation. Saro-Wiwas people, the Ogoni people of the Ogoniland were in many ways the victims both these styles oil creation and also the govt. Eventually sick and tired of being used by the petrol company and their own federal government these people started rebelling against them and started doing terrorist functions against their own country as well as the oil business. This is just one single example I actually gave although this is the situation in most in the oil wealthy countries, for most of the circumstances the population in the country can be exploited pertaining to the oil and all the profits and money goes in the pockets with the oil businesses and the govt.

Frustration: I possess listed stress as one the complexities because all the above causes that I have stated does lead to to stress which makes the people for taking the a record of terrorism.

Ethnicity: There are several example in the world where racial and not the religion is the reason for people to deal with amongst themselves which might lead to to the works of terrorism by much more both the teams. Some of the examples of terrorism resulting due to the difference in ethnicity in the same religion will be Ireland, in which Catholics and Protestants had been fighting with one another, other model is India in the 1970s once there were serves of terrorism in the region of Punjab between Sikhs and Punjabis, who are usually more or much less the same religion. Sri Lanka is likewise a good example to get the functions of terrorism by Tamil Tigers and also the LTTE group who are killing the innocent people of Sri Lanka just to show their point and trying to earn their particular rights in the area. I am not sure although I think even Zimbabwe may also come within the same condition.

Religion or perhaps Religious Big difference: According to my opinion religion or religious difference is the most important reason for terrorism. Depends upon has found this simple fact religion plays an important part in making terrorists out of people. Islamic countries have faced the problem to religions on the globe. Islamic people are believed to the extremist in nature with regards to their religion which has generally speaking made them intolerant to other beliefs. The biggest model that I may give about the terrorism that erupted because of the religious distinctions is the Holocaust, when the German army within the leadership of Hitler wiped out hundreds of thousands of Jews as a result of intolerance in religion. Hitlers this take action was one of the greatest terrorist act in the world in my point of view. The terrorism that has been going on in the Kashmir region of India since last 54.99 years has its roots to the spiritual difference of Muslims and Hindus as well. The only reason India was divided directly into two countries in 1947 during Indias independence was the differences in the 2 religions, Hindus and Muslims. Israel and Palestine is usually suffering terrorism since quite a while which I would guess one of the core reasons is the religion.

According to me the most appropriate response to this challenge is to educate religious threshold to people. Persons should realize that religion is usually not higher than Humanity and this people ought to respect other people as human beings and not hate them because of the religious causes. It is said in Gita (the holy book of Hindus) Vasudeva Kutumbakam, which means that depends upon is 1 family. I really believe that the time people will begin understanding this kind of fact of life half of the worlds terrorism problems will probably be solved. However this is my personal belief and I am not sure if I was right or wrong, but also for me faith based tolerance is the central thing.

Solution 3

To achieve the similarities and differences between the right side American terrorist groups and radical Islamic terrorist teams I think to start with I will need to explain quickly what quite a few groups will be. After looking to explain quite a few terms I think it will be easier to convey the similarities and the variations between the two.

Right side American terrorist groups: Relating to my personal understanding for the American correct wing terrorist groups I could say that these types of groups get involved with terrorist acts motivated due to the opposition from the federal governments rules and regulations just like taxation guidelines, its support to other countries plus the U. S i9000. government on its own. These types of terrorist groups have their roots for the white extremists who have hate towards ethnic and religious minorities. Some of the examples of this sort of American groups can be the Ku Klux Klan, skinheads, Neo Nazis, militia groups, and Christian Patriots. These kind of terrorist groups are the people who are unhappy and disappointed by the US government so get in the acts of anti federal government policies, physical violence, and terrorist acts against their own country and people.

Generally the proper wing teams have broader revolutionary agendas and they may possibly intend to toss down the existing government. Because discussed in class some of the instances of right side American terrorist acts may be: the unsuccessful attempt of bombing in Oklahoma in 1983, the Oklahoma bombing of 95, the 1996 bombing during Olympics, there were few more examples that people talked in class that I will not remember accurately. The right wing extremists usually had a issue with the minorities in the US and possess also tried terrorist serves targeted on the minority organizations. One other case that I believe might be right about the best wing groupings could be the separated events of killing blameless Muslims and Sikhs around US after the 9/11 assault on the US. The different example i would like to offer, but We am never sure if it is a right example or certainly not is, the assassinations of the US Presidents like Abraham Lincoln and John Farrenheit. Kennedy were done by the American correct wing terrorists.

Major Islamic terrorist groups: The radical Islamic terrorist teams have been praised for being staunch in their motives and strong believer with their religion. These kinds of groups have been around in the civil the world for some time now. The main trait of such groups is that they are not by any means tolerant to any other religious beliefs except Islam. The radical Islamic terrorist groups have been known to globe for executing terrorist activities against the no Islamic countries for centuries. They have not even spared their own persons or the authorities if they discovered that the individuals or the govt was allies with a non Islamic country or government. These groupings have created extremely sophisticated terrorist training camps at different locations to coach the Jihadis in indulging in to terrorist acts with utmost effectiveness. They have a large inflow of funds, economically as well as in guns from rich Islamic individuals, supporters, and perhaps other Islamic governments and countries.

The example of the terrorist acts against their own persons and region could be the terrorist acts against the soviet reinforced Afghani government before the Soviets attacked Afghanistan. As reviewed in class I remember that ALL OF US had financed the Islamic terrorist groups financially and also with guns to combat the government of Afghanistan. Additional example I can give confidently is that of the Radical Islamic terrorist groupings infiltrating inside the Kashmir place of India. These terrorist groups do not hesitate in killing American indian Muslim people. The foncier believe that even though the people they can be killing are of their own faith but because they are Indians they must be killed to attain their goals.

Islamic terrorist groups possess used blends of ancient guerrilla combat tactics and advanced systems to carry out their particular goals. They have shown themselves to be experts of unconventional warfare by staging functions around the globe against high-value objectives, using tiny teams, producing dramatic effects with comparatively little costs, all without ever engaging in immediate battlefield attacks against an opposing armed forces force. The very best example of such an act is the 9/11 assault on the ALL OF US as informed in class I recall that the total cost of executing the 9/11 attack was somewhere around 4 hundred million dollars which is a significantly small amount in comparison to the destruction and human reduction is considered.

A number of the goals of such radical Islamic terrorist groups according to my opinion are: removal of American and Israeli geopolitical influence on Islamic countries, the institution of governance by religious law, delivering all loosely-affiliated Islamic groupings together in a coalition, enjoy unconventional combat tactics, looking for dramatic results, combine historic tactics with modern technology.

Summary: I have tried to explain over a general characteristics of both the right wing American terrorist groups as well as the radical Islamic terrorist organizations. Based on the characteristics explained over I found a number of similarities between two, they can be, -Both the groups are very racist in nature. The two groups have got zero tolerance for people of other race, religion, and country. -The other likeness that I discovered was that the two groups claim to be very patriotic but if needed, they would not withstand in undertaking terrorist functions against their own people and country. -Both the organizations have a history full of violence.

Some of the difference that I seen was: -The right side American terrorist groups in contrast to the revolutionary Islamic terrorist groups operate within their individual country and their main displeasure is against the government guidelines and democracy. On the other end the major Islamic organizations are not by any means confined to their own country, they are more interested in dispersing the word of Islam in all of world. -The Islamic groups would take pleasure in terrorist take action towards their particular country only if it is necessary. -The other big difference is the highly sophisticated schooling camps the radical Islamic groups 2 not that easily available towards the right side groups. -The funding in the case of the right side groups is restricted and does not include any support from their own government or perhaps the people. -One of the most important goals in the radical Islamic terrorist organizations is the development of a parti of all loosely-affiliated Islamic teams and countries and propagate the word of Islam in the world. On the other hand there isn’t much of a connection between distinct right side American terrorist groups between themselves.

The reason behind the best wing American terrorist groups and the radical Islamic terrorist groups to get different could be that their final desired goals are different from each other. Some of their strategies of beliefs could possibly be similar yet except that the final goals of both the groups do not match.

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