the parthenon the nashville replica dissertation

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Once deciding on points to write about, I did not have to believe very long. Plus to the Parthenon not the Parthenon in Athens, however the Parthenon imitation in Nashville, Tennessee. This is a full size replica of what the real Parthenon is much like. Although it is not you see, the building it has all of the special that I can see right now the original has atop the Acropolis. I had been able to walk through this kind of replica and standing in the middle of the building was obviously a huge Athena figure covered in gold. The outside of house is covered with the content such as the unique had because it was position tall.

The prominence which the replica acquired I could simply imagine the greatness that the initial held, this kind of led me to this analysis paper about the Parthenon its buildings and historical meaning. The truly great Phidias was one of the males behind the concept and type of the Parthenon. Phidias was known not only as a Traditional sculptor yet a artist and builder as well. Having been also the sculptor of the giant Athena figure that was property within the Parthenon as well as among the Seven Magic of the World which can be the sculpture of Zeus he had likewise done.

Having this man be a part of home of the Parthenon just goes to show how the Parthenon was bound for success. Another person that is credited for taking part in the system side of the building in the Parthenon was Ictinus. Ictinus was an architect who was not only known for the Parthenon but the Temple of Apollo at Bassae. This is also could have been one of the reasons to get the Doric style of structure which is observed in most of his works. Then simply there was a man named Callicrates who was another of the can be that were in control of the Parthenon build.

Callicrates was sometimes known for the design of the Temple of Athena Nike which was situated on the Athenian Beachhead. The Parthenon is a great iconic piece of architecture in the Greek culture. The fact which the ancient Greeks were able to generate such an iconic piece of work industry where there had been no modern day technologies we. e. cranes, dozers, etc . The focus should be to dig more deeply into the reasons for the Parthenon and how come the Greeks felt the necessity to build such a thing, why that position, and what purpose house had dished up for the Greeks.

Considering these questions the reader can better determine what the true purpose and shear greatness the fact that Parthenon stood for in the eyes in the ancient Greeks. The Parthenon was first built atop the Acropolis6 in 447 BC where the bottom had spanned 69. a few meters by simply 30. 9 meters. The Parthenon was constructed in order to house the Greek goddess of Athena. Athena was born from the mind of Zeus. Athena was considered a great Olympia goddess of conflict, reason, cleverness, also arts and books. The sculpture of Athena was made of gold and ivory along with polychrome9 details in the figure.

There is a large square area that was at your toes of Athena which was filled with water making a refection pool within the structure. The Athena structure had not been the only wonderful piece of work the moment discussing the Parthenon, which in turn brings us to another feat which can be the Structures and construction of the Parthenon. The Parthenon that sits atop the acropolis was constructed of seventeen columns that ran along the sides in the building as can be seen in numerous pictures in the Parthenon there was eight of the columns at each end.

The columns which were used throughout the Parthenon were known as a Doric style of column. Doric articles were stouter than the Ionic and Corinthian styles of columns that been with us during this time. The significance of the content goes previous just as being a grand part of architecture. The columns might vary from one another which will allow for the optical false impression that from afar the articles looked unbalanced. This impression is actually quite incredible and in many cases when looking In the Parthenon there are many different varieties of sculptures.

First there was Athena which was talked about previously and what are known as Ionic frieze, pediments, and Doric metopes. The Ionic friezes go around the exterior wall with the Parthenon and measures approximately one meter high and 160 metres long14. The images depicted with this frieze would be the people of Athens which shows the Panathenaic procession which was a significant celebration in ancient Portugal especially in Athens during this time period. The Pediments of the Parthenon are labeled into east and western world sections.

The west Pediment had experienced the Propylaia and was showing both Gods Athena and Poseidon during the period in which they were competing one other for exclusive chance and becoming the city’s supporter. The Doric metopes spread all the way throughout the building through which each side got told their particular story15. For the West side the metopes were demonstrating Greeks compared to Orientals, on the north revealed the Greeks versus the Trojans16. The east side experienced represented the Gods versus the Giants and ultimately the southern side had been a rendering of Centaurs versus Lapiths.

When the Parthenon was first developed there were an overall total of 80 metopes and that was broken into having 32 on each of the sides and 18 on the front side and back again side as well. The friezes measured 325 feet long and approximately three feet in height. The statue of Athena had stood around 33 foot high and was made of ivory and gold. The lady was put near the back side of what is termed as the central chamber of the Parthenon. Athena’s figure have been wearing a headgear and in one hand she acquired held a winged sculpture of success and the furthermore was put on a shield.

The opportunity came about to build the Parthenon following the Persians in 479 BC had ruined the buildings that had previously sitting atop the acropolis19. When this war was within the leader of Athens Pericles had desired to improve upon what had been previously in place hence the construction with the Parthenon commenced in 447 BC and the great figurine of Athena was put within the Parthenon in 438 BC20. The Parthenon has not been always a spot where the Ancient greek goddess Athena was worshiped, in fact around 426 ADVERTISEMENT it was used as a Christian church.

At this time the Parthenon had not been committed to Athena although instead to Hagia Sophia. This design had taken place throughout time when they made dedication once more around the six hundred AD. When going through these diverse dedications that were there made a lot of additions to the Parthenon together with a church bell which was put in the Parthenon along with an church. The wonderful Parthenon choose to go through various changes as well as the biggest was when a Venetian army got attacked Athens and the harm that the Parthenon had gone through was a lot of to repair and that is where this still is located and goes through the wrath of time.

The Parthenon has existed for centuries and can more than likely certainly not be around for most more. There is certainly only a whole lot that can be done aid this wonderful building. The task that has absent into the Parthenon is amazing in itself with no fact that it was done during the fifth hundred years BC. This can be a beloved national icon within the Traditional state. This being one of the the majority of popular historic structures on the globe it would be a massive loss intended for the world whether it were to vanish.

Bibliography:

Frazer, J. G. Pausanias’s Explanation of Portugal Vol. II

Gates, Doris. The Soldier Goddess: Athena

Neils, Jennifer. Cambridge College or university. The Parthenon: From Antiquity to the Present

Neils, Jennifer. Cambridge University. The Parthenon Frieze

Mark, Ira S. The Sanctuary z Athena Nike In Athens, Architectural Stages and Chronology

Parthenon. The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th impotence.. 2014. Encyclopedia. com. (October 8, 2014). http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1E1-Parthnon.html

Friend Banister Fletcher. A History of Architecture. London, uk: The Butterworth Group, 1987.

Thompson, Homer A. Studies in Athenian Architecture Sculpture and Topography

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