theories in counseling and psychotherapy term
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Research from Term Paper:
Counseling and Psychotherapy:
The acquisition of counselling and psychiatric therapy philosophy and framework starts off is usually determined by the personality of the counselling student and familiarity with the present major techniques or methods to therapeutic practice. The theoretical perspective, philosophy, and structure determine what experienced therapist look for and what they observe after producing initial exposure to clients. Personal philosophy and framework of therapy determines the therapist’s focus and course of action when affecting his or her choice of therapeutic strategies and processes (Corey, 2012, p. 4). Consequently , a counseling student ought to carefully consider his/her very own basic assumptions when expanding his/her therapy practice. This can be an increasingly involving process which goes beyond mere acceptance in the tenets of any specific theory or mixture of theories. Generally, an individual’s theoretical approach and therapy structure is a expression and manifestation of his or her experiences in every area of your life.
Approaches to Guidance and Psychiatric therapy:
Counseling and psychotherapy is known as a process that involves the involvement between two individuals who are anticipated to change throughout the therapeutic knowledge. This process is often collaborative since the therapist and client take part in developing methods to issues or perhaps concerns. The theories that have been developed in the field of counseling and psychotherapy are mostly geared towards outlining the collaborative nature with the psychotherapy practice. Notably, consultants or therapists use the several theories to formulate their personal philosophy and framework intended for the practice.
According to Corey (2009), therapists are certainly not engaged in the job of changing clientele, giving them speedy advice, or perhaps solving their particular problems with them. These professionals essentially promote and facilitate recovery through a method that is largely based on genuine dialogue (p. 6). Therefore , the most significant component that influences the client and promotes the needed transform is the form of person the therapist is definitely. This implies that counselors should certainly explore their very own personal values, attitudes, and values detailed and work towards enhancing their own awareness. This will help to them to steer clear of sounding like technicians by possessing wide theoretical and practical know-how but lack human characteristics like honesty, compassion, sensitivity and good faith (Corey, 2009, p. 6).
The process of raising personal awareness requires the therapist to remain open to his or her growth also to deal with virtually any personal concerns. Actually, customers require practitioners to have a better sense of personal awareness and deal with any problems to be able to believe in the therapist and the psychotherapy method. In essence, practitioners should identify ways with which they in person relate to the various approaches or theories in counseling and psychotherapy.
Probably the most important steps towards making a personal idea and construction for remedies are to familiarize oneself while using current main approaches to restorative practice. Inside the counseling discipline, these therapeutic approaches are mainly described through various ideas that have been designed to guide and explain the practices of therapists. As a result, there are various ways to counseling and psychotherapy with distinct concepts and valuable dimensions.
A few of the major prevalent theories to counseling and psychotherapy are psychoanalytic therapy, Gestalt remedy, Jungian remedy, reality therapy, existential remedy, Adlerian therapy, behavior therapy, person-centered therapy, rational emotive behavior therapy, cognitive behavior therapy, and marital and family therapy (Tan, 2011). These theories or approaches differ based on the methods or methods developed by their very own founders and practitioners and get used to help in the development of personal philosophy and framework in therapy.
The development of the various hypotheses to therapies and psychotherapy has been influenced by the 4 forces of psychotherapy i. e. psychodynamic, cognitive-behavioral, existential-humanistic, and appearing theories (Thomson, 2003). Not only is it the most intricate set of emotional theories, psychodynamic aspects of character and psychotherapy are the initial major forces in therapies and psychiatric therapy. These ideas originated from Sigmund Freud’s work or psychoanalysis and suggest that a person’s present and long term is firmly influenced by past. In comparison, cognitive-behavioral forces are the second forces in psychotherapy which can be divided into intellectual and behavioral foundations. Existential-humanistic theories will be the third power some significant concepts in the counseling types of procedures like tuning in skills and empathy result from. This power is based on the assumption it’s far important to end up being authentic for an individual’s do it yourself in body, mind, knowledge, and environment. The rising theories pressure highlights the value of treating each consumer as a person, being very sensitive to his or her spirituality and culture, and changing healing techniques to allow for his/her one of a kind needs.
Having a Personal Viewpoint and Construction for Remedy:
As mentioned earlier on, developing a personal philosophy and framework intended for therapy is a progressively engaging method rather than just accepting the principles of a particular theory or perhaps combination of hypotheses. This is mostly because a specialist theoretical approach to the psychotherapy practice is an expression of his/her exceptional experiences anytime. Therefore , the first element of this process is usually to carefully consider or be aware of personal simple assumptions. The second step is usually to examine persona and romance with clients because the therapeutic techniques are generally not separate through the two. Third, a specialist should examine his/her personal growth and deal with virtually any personal conditions that may affect the therapeutic method. The other important step in developing personal philosophy and framework pertaining to therapy is to measure the major ideas in guidance and therapy. Actually, you will never develop a personal philosophy and framework to get therapy with no evaluation with the current key theories. Moreover, a comprehensive way to counseling not only involves focusing on internal mechanics but also dealing with the environmental realities that affect people.
Personal Idea and Platform for Therapy:
A personal beliefs and platform therapy may well involve ratifying an existing theory, combining several theories, or introducing an individual model through modifying current theories or perhaps critiquing the limitations of a particular theory. From a personal perspective, my idea of therapy is based on the fact that people have external and internal resources to draw upon once developing approaches to their concerns (Corey, 2009, p. 6). The personal beliefs of therapy is strongly motivated by the humanistic-existential approach that focuses on getting genuine for the client’s encounter, environment, physique, and mind.
The use of the humanistic-existential approach in developing my personal philosophical positioning is based on the fact that it does not stipulate a collection of procedures and techniques. Through this approach, the philosophical orientation focuses on spotting the significance of enhancing the insight and awareness of clientele and incorporating everyday life into practice. Particularly, this philosophical orientation is also influenced simply by other ideas like psychoanalytic therapy, cognitive-behavioral therapy, feminist theory, and family remedy.
As part of helping to understand a person’s experiences, the psychoanalytic remedy plays an important role in showing the impact of the person’s past in shaping the existing personality and behavior. Hunt for the client’s past is useful when trying to understand the extent that his/her past existence continues to have an effect on current psychological and behavioral challenges or issues. In comparison, the cognitive behavioral healing is an essential way of my philosophical orientation pertaining to understanding the customer’s mind. In cases like this, the therapy assists with showing just how thinking patterns affect could be feelings and behaviors. Even though thinking and feelings are vital dimensions, the intellectual behavioral remedy focuses on current behavior.
The feminist healing is crucial to the philosophical alignment with regards to comprehending the client’s environment. The approach is vital understand how environmental conditions bring about problems of men and women as well as the effect of gender-role socialization upon lack of gender equality. However, family remedy contributes to a comprehension of the individual apart from the context of his/her program. The last two approaches help out with understanding the inter-personal dimensions and socio-cultural framework instead of putting an emphasis on only within the intrapsychic spheres.
My personal viewpoint for healing is the basis to get adopting an integrative framework for psychotherapy, which is depending on human encounter. The integrative framework to get therapy includes the intrapsychic and social focuses i. e. composition and function and relational aspects respectively. One of the main reasons for taking on the integrative framework is that it permits the practitioner to follow personal proclivities in focusing different aspects and integrating a lot of theories and techniques. Since an inclusive unit, the integrative framework would not necessitate the evaluation of each and every single aspect once a transform occurs in a single part of a process and influences the whole (Lapworth Sills, 2009, p. 55).
The integrative framework uses the integrative theory in counseling exactly where many therapists combine several or more different approaches inside their practice. In addition to recognizing the different facets of each theory, the therapists look for the regular elements within each theory. The use of the integrative framework is also based on the fact that there is no therapeutic theory that is much better than others. Based on the findings of research, there is certainly minimal restorative difference between the theories in counseling and psychotherapy since each will be equally successful (Haley, 2004). While many practitioners tend to do the same issues despite of the idea, the integrative framework appears to be effective because there are various ways for achieving health and fitness.
The application of the integrative platform during