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Category: Theories,
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Theories, Theory, Infant Observation, Theory Of Patient

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Lee, (2003).

Lee (2003) says that insecure parts have been related to psychiatric disorders to which the youngsters are exposed to after the loss of the attachment figure. These kids will form inability to form secure accessories, react with hostility and rejection for their environment relating to Pickover, (2002). This is a sensation found among many migrant children, specifically who had the attachment physique back in their very own country of origin however they continued to be there. They tend to have a problem re-attaching themselves to any other person, consequently may grow approximately be chaotic and develop criminal trends Pickover, (2002).

Shortfalls from the attachment theory

The idea that the fogeys shape the personality and character is definitely misplaced and instead it is the colleagues who influence character and behavior of the child. According to Harris (1998: Pp2) “parents tend not to shape their particular child’s personality or persona. A infant’s peers have an overabundance influence on them than their particular parents. inch This used on the immigrant children because they can be seen to dramatically adopt other factors within the U. S. A. setting in as much as they will retain their very own original nation traits. 1 instance may be the language and physical expression.

The part of nature and nurture also comes into play. The fogeys pass their particular gene to the child but nurturing can destroy these good characteristics if the child is predisposed to an environment that is not encouraging of good qualities (Mary Keegan, 2001: Pp261). The groupings that the kids join as they grow up will condition their habit greatly as indicated by simply Mary Keegan, (2001).

Stern D. (1985) further observes that kids get the traits from genes and not from your nurturing from other parents. This means they may certainly not display anything that they discovered from their father and mother as recommended by the attachment theory, yet widely screen what they imbibe from their interpersonal groupings.

Bowlby attachment theory as described by Shelter (2003) is usually erroneous mainly because it picks the observation with the children during distressful instances, when the parents are going away or are away and indicate the interaction between the mother and baby during non-stressful events. This serene time will give a batter indication showing how the connection between the two is formed and is observed. Stern D. (1985: Pp 117) on the other side considers the study and observation of the attachment possibly after the trust of the child has been received through regular company and what is referred to as “evoked companions, drawn from a number of RIGs, who operate for various amounts of activation and awareness. inches

The other shortfall observed by Lee (2003) inside the attachment theory is on the fact that the attachment qualities will be looked at on the primary attachment level, between the infant and mother and not other contact that may be right now there as mentioned by Strict, D. (1985: Pp9). Here, Stern (1985) seems to concentrate a lot for the attachment just as one phenomenon just between the baby and the mom and to some extent the father. Seemingly children include attachments to other people apart from their mothers as exhibited by Lee (2003).

The other significant limitation observed here is the fact that the theory sights the mother as the sole source of major attachment. This can be false because the father or perhaps siblings can form the source of primary connection. Say an instance where the mother dies soon after birth, or in the case wherever an immigrant mother who may have not desired to add even more children as a result of financial problems forms a bad attitude and avoids the newborn, there will without doubt be another source of primary attachment because indicated simply by Zhihuan J Stephanie L. (2010: Pp46).

My location on the various issues elevated above simply by Stern M. is that the way strives and successfully in like manner demystify the attachment theory and help to make it more practical inside the daily life than abstract thing that was impossible to know. Stern (1985) strived to detach the rap in figure of the child from the parents and introduce the concepts of environment and cultural setting in explaining attachment. There is a significant display of factual procedure that show the overlap of the parental attachment while proposed by simply Bowley as well as the intervening elements like the environment and colleagues as put forward by Strict in a bet to explain character of children and the change in the character as they expand up.


Chris Fraley, (2010). A Brief Overview of Mature Attachment Theory and Analysis. Retrieved 03 12, 2012 from

Harris, J. R. (1998). The nurture assumption: So why children end up the way they carry out. New York: Free of charge Press. In Lee M., (2003). The Attachment System Throughout the Life Course: Review and Criticisms of Accessory Theory. Pp. 2

Klaus, M. H., Kennell, J. They would., Klaus, P. H. (1995). Bonding. Boston: Addison-Wesley.

Pickover, S. (2002). Breaking the cycle: A clinical example of disrupting an insecure attachment program. Journal of Mental Well being Counseling, 24, 358-367.

Seiffge-Krenke, I. (1993). Close a friendly relationship and fictional companions in adolescence. In B. Laursen (Ed. ). Close friendships in age of puberty (pp. 73-87). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Zhihuan T Stephanie M., (2010). Variations in the Relationship Between Mother’s Depression, Mother’s Sensitivity, and Child Accessory by Race/Ethnicity and Nativity: Findings coming from a Nationally Representative Cohort Study. Mother’s Child Overall health Journal. Volume. 16. Pp46).

Stern, D. (1985). The Interpersonal regarding the infant: a view from psychoanalysis and developing psychology. Basic Books: New York. Retrieved coming from

Trowell, J. (1982). Effects of obstetric management on the mother-child romance. In Lee J., (2003). The Connection System Over the Life Study course: Review and Criticisms of Attachment Theory. Pp. 2 Retrieved by

Mary Keegan, (2001). The Effects of Lower income on Little one’s Socioemotional Advancement: Ecological Systems Analysis. Interpersonal Work. Vol. 46 Number 3 Pp. 261

Erin J. Shelter, (2003)., (2003). The Attachment System Through the entire Life Training course: Review and Criticisms of Attachment Theory. Pp. two Retrieved from

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