travel in the philippiness essay

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Tourism has turned into a phenomenon of everyday life intended for hundreds of millions of folks today. This encompasses most free actions of individuals away from their particular places of residence and work, as well as the service sectors created to fulfill the needs as a result of these moves. It comprises having become an important kind of using the free time of individuals and the main vehicle for social relations and political, financial and cultural contact manufactured necessary by the internalization of most sectors in the life of nation.

That’s why the researchers present this paper about the Impacts of Tourism within the economy, socio-cultural and environment ofthe Israel to understand just how it changed this country: positively or in a negative way


The Philippines island destinations have 300, 000 years of human habitation. A pacific cycles archipelago located to the east of the Malay Peninsula and north of Indonesia, the Philippines consists 7, 107 islands, luxurious tropical rainforests, dramatic mountainous scenery and volcanoes. The Philippines has a diversity of cultural and religious practices and loads of tourist attractions.

It is one of the most visited tourist destination in Southeast Asia. Travel and Tourism is currently considered as the greatest industry in the world. Tourism creates jobs across national and regional financial systems; it provides solutions; and minimizes the effect of poverty. Tourism has the power to enrich lives.

Tourism has a significant effect on existence, culture and economy, and on all of culture. The travel industry is one of the sectors that could aid in the creation and growth of the Filipino economy. Tourism, if properly enhanced in a sustainable procedure can be an powerfulk economic creation engine for the country. The Philippines government considers good impact of tourism and makes tourism a top priority pertaining to national advancement.

Cultural/heritage tourism is the most effective growing portion of the travel and leisure industry as there is a pattern toward an elevated specialization between tourists. This kind of trend is evident in the within the volume of tourists whom seek adventure, culture, background, archaeology and interaction with local people (Hollinshead, 1993). Specifically, Filipino’s affinity for traveling to cultural/ heritage places has increased just lately and is expected to continue.


The causes that the researchers are conducting this analyze is because to assist us make clear the values or misconceptions about the impacts of tourism in the Philippines.


This exploration about the Impacts of Tourism reaches to answer or at least give the likely solutions in the following challenges or questions: 1 . Is usually tourism an edge or disadvantage on Philippine’s economy? 2 . Does tourism affect the socio-cultural perspective in the Filipinos? several. Thus tourism in the Israel an environment friendly act?


The research workers used instruments to conduct date gathering in order to attain answers pertaining to the three offered problems. 1st, the research workers gave away surveys to diferrent age ranges, gender, location, work place and status. Under is the survey sheet: Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila Intramuros, Manila

College of Tourism, Lodge and Travelling Industry Administration


Full Name: Birthdate: Profession: Location: Personal:

This research was conducted to determine the role of tourism in the economy, socio-cultural views and environment of the Thailand. The analysts conducted the analysis in accordance with the data they collected from the Section of Tourism as well as the online surveys responded by different people, diverse status, age group, different place all over the Thailand. The experts was executed between 12 , 2014 till February 2015.




Modern travel and leisure is a progressively intensive, in a commercial sense organized, business-oriented act of activities in whose roots can be obtained from the industrial and post commercial west. The aristocratic grand tour of cultural sites in England, Germany and especially Italy including those associated with Classical Roman tourism had its beginnings in the 16th century. That grew swiftly however , increasing its physical range to embrace Alpine scenery through the second half of the 18th hundred years, in the periods between Euro wars. As a part of the grand tours enlargement, its exclusivity was under mind since the expanding commercial, specialist, and industrial middle positions joined the land using and politics classes in aspiring to reach this correct of passing for their kids. By the early on 19th 100 years, European trips for help, leisure, and culture became common practice among the central class, and paths to the acquisition of ethnical capital had been smoothed by simply guidebooks and the development of arch.

Dizon (2011)

General Tour Attraction (Factor 1) included nine qualities and described 40. 45% of the difference in the data, with an eigen worth of being unfaithful. 708 and a reliability of 87. 88%. The attributes connected with this component dealt with the general tour items, including “religious places,  “souvenirs,  “theaters,  “theme leisure areas,  “tour package,  festivals/events,  “food,  “shopping locations,  and “guides.  Heritage fascination (Factor 2) accounted for 6th. 74% with the variance, with an ausgefallen value of just one. 616, and a reliability of 70. 20%. This kind of factor was loaded with several attributes that referred to history attraction. The four attributes were “handicrafts,  “architecture,  “traditional scenery,  and “arts (music/dance). 

Maintenance elements (Factor 3) loaded with five attributes. This factor made up 5. 58% of the variance, with a great eigen value of 1. 339, and a reliability of 72. 85%. These characteristics were “accessibility,  “indoor facilities,  “atmosphere/people,  “information centers,  and “accommodations.  Cultural interest (Factor 4) contained five attributes that referred to ethnic dimensions. This kind of factor explained 4. 88% of the variance, with a great eigen benefit of 1. 173, and a reliability of 80%. These types of attributes had been “museums,  “galleries,  “culture towns,  “historic buildings,  and “monuments (Rivera, 2009)


Current decades, travel has become the world’s largest sector, with $3. 4 trillion in gross annual revenue (Virginia Department of Historic Assets, 1998). There exists a trend toward an increased specialty area among travellers, and cultural/heritage tourism is a fastest growing segment with the industry. Americans’ interest in visiting cultural/heritage spots has increased lately and is anticipated to continue. This kind of trend is definitely evident in the rise in the volume of travellers whom seek experience, culture, history, archaeology and interaction with local people (Hollinshead, 1993).

To get American people, for example , the five top destinations were cities, (51%), historic sites (49%), beaches (44%); and lakes (35%). The top 3 activities of U. S i9000. resident holidaymakers were recently found being shopping (33%); outdoor activities (18%); and going to museums and/or historic sites (16%) (Virginia Department of Historic Assets, 1998). Furthermore, the number of homes recorded in the United States National Sign-up of Ancient Places has increased from one particular, 200 in 1968, to 62, 000 in 1994. At the same time, the Travel Industry Association Travelometer (1994) listedvisiting historic sites as one of the five activities to get travellers in North America (Kaufman, 1999).

Chinese language outbound travel is a quite new trends as since 1949 when People’s Republic of Cina (PRC) began, it was a strict power over the range of motion of the Chinese people (Arlt, 2006). According to the World Travel and leisure Organization (WTO) Chinese outbound tourism advancement experienced three stages: 1) The trial stageŸ: 1983- 1996 the moment Chinese were allowed to check out relatives abroad and combination borders what laid the inspiration to Chinese outbound travel and leisure, 2) The original stageŸ: 1997- 2001 standard opening of Chinese outbound tourism and 3) The expansion stageŸ: from 2002 right up until present (WTO, 2006, l. 9, 15, 12). Since the establishment of Approved Destination Status (ADS) in 1990’s, Chinese telephone tourism began to develop rapidly, specially in 2004 with the biggest increase in ADS negotiating.

Jin Right (2003).

That explained the impacts of cultural/heritage travel and managing responses via an overview of the functions of travelers to Oxford. This article outlined the varying perspectives and dimensions of impacts on and tourist capability of the metropolis. Peleggi (1996) examined the relevance of Thailand’s history attractions to both international and home tourism, including an examination of the state tourism agency’s promotion of heritage and the ideological implications of history sightseeing in regards to the official historic narrative.

This kind of research provided several qualities, such as traditional villages, typical monuments, museums, and temples. Philipp (1993) examined black-white racial differences in the perceived elegance of cultural/heritage tourism. The content surveyed a Southern city area and chose numerous attributes. The study found that white visitors were keen on cultural/heritage destinations than dark tourists. (Glasson, 1994)



Economic Problems

To provide appropriate informations, the researchers done a survey to different types of people from your different parts of the Philippines of their opinions and observation about the usefulness or what travel has done throughout the economy of the Thailand. Also, the researchers stopped at the Main Office of the Division of Tourism to obtain reliable info, specially stats concerning the Sector Performance pertaining to Travel and Tourism as of October 2014. Finally, that they consulted an e book from the Universe Travel and Tourism Council which is the “Travel and Tourism: Financial Impact 2014 (Philippines).

Is tourism a large help in our economy of the Korea? According to the Department of Travel the intercontinental tourist statements to the Thailand grew six. 14% to get to US$ 3. 895 billion (Php 172.. 65 billion). For the month exclusively, receipts superior by almost 8. 02% with US$ 333. 10% million (Php. 13, 922 billion) compared to US$ 308. 32 million (Php. 13. 317 billion) the previous year.

Korea accounted 28% of all foreign tourism receipts with Php 48. 622 billion; then the United States (Php 33. sixty one billion), Australia (Php. 14. 04 billion), Japan (Php. 8. 98 billion), and China (Php. 7. fifty-five billion).

Typical Daily Costs (ADE) and Average Duration of Stay (ALoS) posted double digit gains for October 2014, ADE elevated by 15. 69% with Php 5, 863. dua puluh enam versus the Php 4, 393 reported the prior year although ALoS went up to twelve. 12 times, longer simply by 16. 06% compared to 8. 72 evenings a year ago. In addition , average every capita spending of guests for the month can be US$ one particular, 098. 63 or Php 49, 216. 19.

Travelling & Travel is an important economic activity in many countries around the globe. As well as their direct economic impact, the industry features significant indirect and caused impacts. The UN Statistics Division ” approved Tourism Satellite Accounting methodology (TSA: RMF 2008) quantifies the particular direct contribution of Travel and leisure & Tourism. But WTTC recognises that Travel & Tourism’s total contribution is much greater, and aims to get its roundabout and activated impacts through its annual research. Significant events that occurred in may have converted to the country’s continuing progress such as getting the “Destination with the Year prize from TTG Asia Media’s Travel Control Publishing Group; as well as Palawan (No. 1) and Boracay (No. 12) being judged as among the Top 30 Island destinations in the World simply by international travel and leisure magazine Conde Nast Traveler.

The Thailand welcomed 2 . 355 , 000, 000 tourists coming from Asian countries, creating over half the aggregate intercontinental arrivals with 59. 54%, followed by the Americas (17. 96%), The european countries (9. 95%), Australia/Pacific (5. 67%) and Overseas Filipinos (4. 23%) visiting the Israel.

Korea preserved its position since the country’s largest travel and leisure source, offering 958, 289 visitors or 24. 23% share. Telephone travelers by US towards the Philippines improved by several. 48% having a 14. 97% share towards the total market with this year’s result of 592, 204 landings compared to their year back arrivals of 550, 991. Japan was at 3rd place, by contributing 382, 633 visitors for 9. 67% share. This market posted a boost of 6. 07% vs . its year ago arrivals of 360, 721. China and tiawan placed fourth with 354, 202 arrivals, with an 8. 95% share to overall visitors. Completing the most notable five visitor market is Australia by providing 173, 954 site visitors constituting 5. 40% of the total. This market expanded by simply 5. 25% from its amount of 165, 282 the previous 12 months.

Other excessive yielding markets include Singapore with 146, 996 arrivals (3. 72% share), Taiwan with 121, 077 arrivals (3. 06% share), Canada with 111, 391 landings (2. 82% share), Malaysia with 128, 407arrivals (2. 79% share), United Kingdom with 107, 499 arrivals (2. 72% share), Hong Kong with 94, 398 arrivals (2. 39% share), and Indonesia with 57, 847 arrivals (1. 46% share). Among the top markets, Malaysia recorded the highest growth with a 23. 89% increase from its total the prior year.

The direct contribution of Travel & Tourism to GDP reflects the ‘internal’ spending on Travel & Tourism (total spending within a particular country on Travelling & Tourism by citizens and non ” residents for business and leisure purposes) as well as authorities ‘individual’ spending ” spending by government on Travel & Travel and leisure services straight linked to tourists, such as ethnic (eg. museums) or leisure (eg. National parks). The direct contribution of Travel around & Travel to GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT is worked out to be like output, as expressed in National Accounting, of travel and leisure ” feature sectors such as hotels, flight companies, airports, travel companies and enjoyment and excitement services that deal straight with travelers. The immediate contribution of Travel & Tourism to GDP is calculated coming from total inner spending by simply ‘netting out’ the acquisitions made by the several tourism areas.

The total contribution of Travelling & Tourism includes it is ‘wider impacts’ (ie the indirect and induced impacts) on the economic climate. The ‘indirect’ contribution contains the GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT and jobs supported by: Travel and leisure & Travel investment spending ” a crucial aspect of equally current and future activity that includes investment activity including the purchase of fresh aircraft and construction of new hotels; Federal government ‘collective’ spending, which will help Travel & Tourism activity in many other ways as it is manufactured on behalf of the ‘community by large’ ” eg travel and leisure marketing and campaign, aviation, supervision, security services, vacation resort area cctv camera installation services, resort location sanitation services, etc; Home-based purchases of goods and solutions by the areas dealing immediately with tourists ” which includes, for example , purchases of foodstuff and cleaning services simply by hotels, of fuel and catering companies by airlines, and THAT servicesby travel agents. The ‘induced’ contribution measures the GDP and careers supported by the spending of people who are directly or indirectly employed by the Travel around & Travel industry.

Visitor exports really are a key component of the immediate contribution of Travel & Tourism. In 2013, Thailand generated PHP221. 0bn in visitor exports. In 2014, this is anticipated to grow by simply 2 . 0%, and the nation is expected to attract 4, 697, 000 international visitor arrivals. Simply by 2024, international tourist landings are outlook to total several, 880, 000, generating expenditure of PHP455. 7bn, a growth of 7. 3% pa.

Travel & Tourism is likely to have captivated capital expenditure of PHP81. 3bn in 2013. This is expected to rise by a few. 8% in 2014, and rise by 3. 9% pa within the next a decade to PHP123. 9bn in 2024. Travel around & Tourism’s share of total national investment is going to fall from 3. 6% in 2014 to 3. 2% in 2024. Leisure travel and leisure spending (inbound and domestic) generated 71. 1% of direct Travelling & Travel GDP in 2013 (PHP668. 9bn) in contrast to 28. 9% for business travel around spending (PHP271. 4bn). Organization travel spending is likely to grow by 5. five per cent in 2014 to PHP286. 4bn, and rise simply by 4. 8% pa to PHP458. 0bn in 2024. Leisure travelling spending is expected to grow by 3. 2% in 2014 to PHP690. 2bn, and climb by five. 7% pennsylvania to PHP1, 198. 5bn in 2024.

Domestic travelling spending produced 76. 5% of direct Travel & Tourism GDP in 2013 compared with twenty three. 5% for visitor exports (ie overseas visitor spending or foreign tourism receipts). Domestic travelling spending is definitely expected to expand by some. 4% in 2014 to PHP751. 1bn, and climb by 4. 8% pennsylvania to PHP1, 200. 7bn in 2024. Visitor exports are expected to grow by simply 2 . 0% in 2014 to PHP225. 5bn, and rise by 7. 3% pa to PHP455. 7bn in 2024.

The total contribution of Travel around & Travel and leisure to GDP is the direct contribution.

Environmental Worries

Tourism allures people into an area of exceptional history, splendor and magnificence. Hence, it implies an influx of people that includes (1) tourist, (ii) buyers or entrepreneurs, (iii) merchants and (iv) job ” seekers. Consequently, there is increased congestion as more home and industrial establishments are built. An area limited in size in that case struggles to support the ever-increasing people. With additional population and infrastructures money once beautiful and fresh starts to become degraded. Apart from increased visitor numbers, tourism leads to advancement projects impinging the area. Improperly ” created infrastructure influences land stableness and impacts on normal water resources. Unexpected construction pollutes and damages food and water methods, ultimately degrading the liveability of the community. Rivers when teeming with fish are transformed into sewage dumpsites. The crisp, climate becomes infected with noxious gases spewed by transfer vehicles and industries. The once relaxing environment starts to be overwhelmed with targeted traffic noise and raucous enter entertainment.

Negative impacts via tourism take place when the amount of visitor 2 greater than the environment’s ability to cope with this use within the acceptable limitations of alter. Uncontrolled regular tourism postures potential dangers to many normal areas around the world. It can set enormous pressure on an location and cause impacts such as soil erosion, increased polluting of the environment, discharges into the sea, all-natural habitat damage, increased pressure on decreasing in numbers species and heightened vulnerability to forest fires. Attempting to puts stress on normal water resources, this means you will force neighborhood populations to compete for the use of critical solutions.

Golf course routine service can also consume fresh water assets. In recent times golf travel has increased in popularity and the number of golf courses has grown rapidly. The game of golf courses require an enormous quantity of normal water every day and, as with other causes of abnormal extraction of water, this may result in normal water scarcity. In case the water originates from wells, overpumping can cause saline intrusion into groundwater. The game of golf resorts are usually more and more frequently situated in or perhaps near shielded areas or areas where solutions are limited, exacerbating all their impacts.

Travel and leisure can produce great pressure on community resources just like energy, meals, and other unprocessed trash that may already be in short supply. Higher extraction and transport of these resources exacerbates the physical impacts linked to their exploitation. Because of the seasons character in the industry, many destinations include ten occasions more inhabitants in the substantial season just as the low period. A high demand is placed after these solutions to meet the high anticipations tourists often times have (proper heating, hot water, etc . ).

Important land solutions include minerals, fossil fuels, suitable for farming soil, woodlands, wetland and wildlife. Improved construction of tourism and recreational establishments has increased the pressure upon these methods and on scenic landscapes. Immediate impact on organic resources, both renewable and nonrenewable, inside the provision of tourist facilities can be brought on by the use of property for lodging and other system provision, as well as the use of building materials.

Transportation by surroundings, road, and rail is definitely continuously increasing in response to the rising number reported that the number of intercontinental air individuals worldwide flower from 88 million in 1972 to 344 million in 1994. One particular consequence of the increase in surroundings transport is that tourism today accounts for a lot more than 60% of air travel which is therefore in charge of an important share of surroundings emissions. New research estimated that a single transatlantic return

flight produces almost fifty percent the LASER emissions made by all other resources (lighting, heat, car make use of, etc . ) consumed by simply an average person yearly. (Mayer Hillman, Area & Nation Planning publication, September 1996. Source: MFOE ).

In areas with high concentrations of traveler activities and appealing natural attractions, waste disposal is a serious problem and improper disposal can be quite a major despoiler of the surrounding ” rivers, scenic areas, and roadsides. In huge batch areas, hiking tourists make a great deal of waste. Tourists on expedition spoke of their waste, oxygen cyl and even camping equipment. This kind of practices degrade the environment with all the detritus common of the designed world, in remote areas that have few garbage collection or fingertips facilities.

Building of resorts, recreation and other facilities frequently leads to elevated sewage pollution. Wastewater provides polluted oceans and wetlands surrounding sightseeing attractions, damaging the flora and fauna. Manure runoff causes serious injury to coral reefs because it stimulates the growth of algae, which in turn cover the filter-feeding corals, hindering their ability to endure. Changes in salinity and siltation can include wide-ranging impacts on seaside environments. And sewage pollution can warned the health of humans and pets or animals.

Often travel fails to combine its structures with the natural features and indigenous architectural of the vacation spot. Large, ruling resorts of disparate style can look out of place in any surrounding and may battle with the native structural design. A lack of land-use planning and building restrictions in many places has facilitated sprawling developments along coastlines, valleys and scenic paths. The sprawl includes travel facilities themselves and promoting infrastructure such as roads, employee housing, parking, service areas, and garbage disposal.

Attractive surroundings sites, including sandy shorelines, lakes, riversides, and mountain tops and mountains, are often transitional zones, characterized by species-rich environments. Typical physical impacts are the degradation of such ecosystems.

An ecosystem is a geographic area which include all the living organisms (people, plants, pets, and microorganisms), their physical surroundings (such as soil, water, and air), and the natural cycles that support them. The ecosystems most threatened with degradation happen to be ecologically sensitive areas just like alpine locations, rain forests, esturine habitat, mangroves, coral formations reefs and sea turf beds. The threats to and challenges on these ecosystems in many cases are severe because such places are very appealing to both vacationers and developers.

Socio-Cultural Problems

The affects arise when ever tourism brings about changes in benefit systems and behaviour and thereby threatens indigenous id. Furthermore, alterations often occur in community composition, family relationships, collective traditional life styles, events and morality. But travel can also generate positive effects as it can function as a supportive force pertaining to peace, foster pride in cultural customs and help steer clear of urban relocation by creating local jobs. As often happens when different nationalities meet, socio-cultural impacts happen to be ambiguous: the same objectively described impacts are seen as beneficial by a lot of groups, and are perceived as unfavorable ” or perhaps as having negative factors ” simply by other stakeholders.

Tourism consists of movement of folks to different geographical locations and establishment of social contact between people who would or else not meet up with, cultural dissension can take place as a result of differences in cultures, ethnic and spiritual groups, beliefs, lifestyles, dialects and degrees of prosperity. The attitude of local citizens towards travel and leisure development might unfold throughthe stages of euphoria, exactly where visitors are incredibly welcome, through apathy, discomfort and potentially antagonism once anti-tourist perceptions begin to increase among local people.

Cultural dissension may further arise through:

Economic inequality ” among locals and tourists who also are spending more than they generally do in the home.

Irritation because of tourist actions ” Vacationers often , out of ignorance or carelessness, fail to value local traditions and meaning values. For example, we can see the situation of Catalunya. Catalunya has long been a worldwide force in the travel and leisure industry. However , it has promoted a kind of travel and leisure based on sunshine, fun and having. The kind of people who come to the country are merely looking for all those cliches , nor care about the area values. These are people who, inside their own region would never scream in the street, consume alcohol all day or break most shopping home windows they would get on their approach “home.

Work level rubbing ” because of a lack of professional training, various low ” paid travel and leisure ” careers go to residents while higher ” having to pay and more prestigious managerial careers go to and also the or “urbanized nationals.

Crime rates typically increase with the development and estate of an location. Growth of mass tourism is often accompanied by increased crime. The presence of a large number of travelers with a lot of cash to spend and quite often carrying possessions such as cameras and jewellery increases the fascination for scammers and brings with this activities like thievery and drug dealing. Although tourism can be not the reason for sexual exploitation, it provides comfortable access to that.

Studies show that numerous jobs in the tourism sector have workingand employment circumstances that keep much to get desired: long hours, unstable career, low spend, little teaching and poor chances to get qualification ( In addition , latest developments inside the travel and tourism trade (liberalization, very tough competition) seem to strengthen the trend toward more dangerous and flexible work conditions. Youngsters are sometimes recruited for this kind of jobs, as they are cheap and versatile employees.

The physical influences that raising tourism has on a destination can cause serious social pressure as it impacts the local community.

Socio-cultural cons involve:

Ethnic deterioration, damage to cultural history may happen from vandalism, littering, pilferage and illegitimate removal of ethnical heritage items or by simply changing the historical panorama that surrounds it; Resource use disputes, such as competition between travel and local foule for the use of perfect resources like water and energy as a result of scarce supply; Conflicts with traditional terrain ” uses may also arise in coastal areas, when the construction of shoreline hotels and visitor faculties cuts off access intended for the local people to traditional fishing grounds and even fun use of areas.




The researchers have concluded that Travel and leisure has diverse impacts about Cultural, Inexpensive, and Environmental aspects in our country. Thus, problems may possibly arise and benefits can be derived. Therefore , the research workers recommend to balance anything. We should not be also dependent to the good associated with Tourism to us butit does not mean that individuals will neglect the advantages of Tourism. We can’t just balance and maintain harmonious provide and have relationship nevertheless never offer too much. Mainly because giving a lot of can lead to further damage; just like the Environmental effect of travel in our country. Furthermore, all of us also give exaggerate to foreign lifestyle and ignore those which are really within all of us. Tourism is usually both advantage and skinnelegeme to us, Filipinos. Consequently, we should understand value of balancing and maintaining sense of balance to avoid further more problems and destruction.


The analysts concluded that with regards to economy, they cannot deny that the field of tourism provides the largest contribution. It can provide enough jobs for the locals, though they can’t also have a large number of tourists. Since tourism is known if you are seasonal. In terms of the socio-cultural aspect it seems that tourism is usually unfavourable pertaining to the upkeep of our tradition and historical past considering that many foreigners visits and some migrates in our country that leads to forget our culture and become even more colonialized. Lastly, in terms of the environmental aspect of the Philippines, travel is a devastative occurrence to the mother nature. Tourism leads to modernization of rural and wood land areas. The researchers determined these principles based on their research.


In a nutshell, tourism in the Korea can brought out different effects on the different factors of our region in terms of financial status, tourism is a supply wherein we are able to harvest tremendous fruits which have been very good for the progress and development of our land. This is really evident through series of studies and research of data. Yet unfortunately, inside the aspect of socio-cultural and environmental concerns, travel is an enemy that shall be conquered as soon as possible. It truly is one of the factorsof destruction in our environment and it minimizes the interest from the Filipinos to love and support their very own culture. We are able to therefore say that tourism isn’t just an advantage in order to industrialize the country. We ought to also remember that we need 1st to lose or sacrifice a thing before we gain what we should want.



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