Types of teaching aids Essay
To create learning very effective it is not just necessary to make use of the factors and techniques that facilitate learning, the instructor are to produce certain circumstances in the class-room that may boost learning. These kinds of conditions are providing educating aids, creating rivalry and co-operation, offering the knowledge of progress and success, praising or reprimanding and leading learning. Image Aids Visual aids generate learning concrete and meaningful.
You may explain the physical features of the Indo- Gangetic plain, nevertheless motion pictures, filmstrips, maps, graphs, diagrams; images would make your verbal explanation concrete. Yet another meaning is attached to verbal instruction when teaching aids are used. These are just supplementary products and not the sup planters of the particular teacher may do. Listed here are the uses of teaching supports: Uses (1) There is a perception that several students happen to be eye-minded, a few auditory-minded and a few verbal-minded. Individuals who are verbal-minded could be easily taught through spoken instructions but also for the rest visual aids are necessary.
Whether the over belief is usually sound or perhaps not, whether pupils may be so sharply differentiated or not is not problem. The fact is the more internal organs are used in learning, the more successful the learning physical becomes. This notions become easy to understand when presented through motion pictures or T. Versus. or these kinds of other teaching aids. (2) Instructional aides provide substitutes to things and circumstances that may not be presented inside the class-room. The science exhibition that is certainly held at a far-off place cannot be brought into technology room but through a T. V. system the whole of computer can be viewed in a short period. (3) Much of college learning consists of symbols and abstractions. Terminology is conceptual.
Arithmetic is usually even more conceptual. It means the fact that teacher who will be teaching dialect or arithmetic will have to present varied encounters so that correct concepts could possibly be formed. Educational aides source such vivid experiences.
Extreme caution Teaching supports are helps only. They are really not to become so enthusiastically used that effort for the spanish student is dismissed. When a T. V. program is viewed, precast and telecast function has to be carried out. The instructor has to connect the system with the category work he has done previously or will do in the quick future.
Teaching aids are an integral part in any class room. The many benefits of teaching supports include aiding learners improve reading understanding skills, showing or rewarding a skill or concept, differentiating instruction and relieving panic or monotony by presenting information in a new and exciting way. Teaching aids also employ students’ additional senses as there are zero limits in what aids may be used when supplementing a lessons. Read more: http://www.ehow.com/about_6365616_teaching-aids-important_.html#ixzz2uhbQ7MPs ROLE AND IMPORTANCE OF EDUCATING AIDS The teaching and learning largely depends on the readily available teaching elements.
Today there are a wide range of teaching aids which may be audio, online video, books, DVDs etc . Teaching aids happen to be those materials that help the teachers describe better knowledge and help the scholars understand. It truly is like the picture of the lesson. It is particularly crucial in lessons or issues that are odd to the kids. E. g. if you were teaching a group of youngsters in a remote village with no civilisation about types of houses, you will need a photo or a DVD MOVIE showing the different houses and their names because most probably these kinds of kids have not seen or heard of this sort of.
There are many other tested teaching tools and resources which may have had a wonderful impact in improving learning processes for young students. If you are a educator and have not use one of the free or perhaps paid readily available teaching supports today, you are going to immediate see the difference in terms of your students’ performance when you try it out. [RELATED POST: 4 RULES OF CLASSROOM MANAGING FOR NIGERIAN TEACHERS] IMPORTANCE OF EDUCATING AIDS IN LEARNING WWH-WK WWS- WR What We Hear We understand but What We See We Remember: individuals are at risk of forgetfulness and hold on more to thoughts of items they have viewed than heard. When an music visual aid is correctly used it will help in retention of the acquired knowledge.
INSPIRATION Motivation is practically everything in teaching and learning process, every individual if teen or perhaps adult is somewhat more attentive to functional knowledge, the usage of teaching aids can motivate and get the students’ interest in everything you are teaching. IMAGERY Images last longer in the mind, each time a learner correctly sees, listens to and variations a knowledge they can himself place the pieces with each other and acquire the picture even without the teacher speaking. REQUIRES REASONING Similar to the previous educating aids prompts the students’ reasoning which is a good example or perhaps conceptual considering.
INTEREST That sparks appealing. In colleges where pupil skip classes, and then some day they get a teacher see the class with a projector, DVD AND BLU-RAY or a significant paper. You will definitely get a full school not as a result of your sternness but the assists had sparked their fascination.
EXPERIENCE It reduces the workload of explanation around the teacher and share a more long term knowledge. Provides a more immediate experience for the students. A student may have observed an object , and without knowing its name or use, the teacher is going to teach on that same subject nonetheless they just won’t get it, that’s where the aid comes in to remind them and you will here such things as okay! ‘ We understand it! ‘ [RELATED CONTENT: HOW TO MAKE A LESSON NOTE FOR NIGERIAN TEACHERS] TYPES TRAINING AIDS Presently there a lso are mostly grouped into: VISUALS: these are assists that use using the vision just like maps, chart, objects, images, models, flash cards, chalkboard, projectors, 35mm slides, bulletin panels.
Of all the chalkboard is the most utilized and sometimes photographs. AUDIO: these aids uses only the student’s sense of hearing cases are films, tv set, DVDs, film strips and so forth AUDIO VISUALS: these kinds of aids incorporate both the perspective and ability to hear senses and give a even more vivid picture examples will be films. The application of audio- visible teaching helps is known to be effective and aid comprehension in students.
The type of teaching aid used will also depend largely telling the truth and associated with students. To get kindergarten and play coop kids rhymes, pictures and flash cards are best suited, you definitely is not going to use rhymes and flash cards to teach students in tertiary corporations instead select slides, maps and charts. WRONG USING TEACHING ASSISTS can mistake as well as annoy students leading to them to lose interest.
As a teacher know the right aid and use them correctly then every teaching objective will be achieved by the end from the class. THE ROLE OF TEACHING AIDS IN LEARNING Reduces dullness To clear almost all confusion To motivate To boost vocabulary Just to save time and money To give direct go through the importance of using a well-tested and result focused teaching aid will minimize teaching as well as help the pupils to stick the concept of the topic in the head. The joy of every tutor is to see his or her students improve significantly in their learning process.
Are you a teacher? or have you done that in the past?, all of us will like to hear from you about the teaching tools and aids you are using or have found in the past of course, if you see a huge improve on the side of students understanding correctly the concept you wanted to past through them. Low Projected Images Many types of non-projected media can make your instruction more genuine and engaging. Cards, cartoons, graphs, pictures and graphs and what college students produced by themselves can provide powerful visual support for learning abstract tips. The non-projected media may be presented in their classroom or used as a part of a class activity. No need to use tools for remark, so non-projected visuals are easy to use.
OUTLINE? Introduction? Visuals in the classroom? Applying projected pictures in the classroom? Display software? Using digital images in the classroom? Applying document cameras in the classroom? Cost to do business projector **************************************** There are 6 types of non expected visuals commonly found in the classroom: 1) drawings 2) diagrams and sketches 3)Posters 4) Cartoons 5) Graphs 6) Charts. * EVEN NOW PICTURES: Even now pictures happen to be photographs to characterize people, places and things. They can be readily available in books, journals, newspapers, catalogs, postcards, and calendars. Using still pictures can recommend motion. You might use photos in many different ways.
You should be certain your pupils should understand textbook pictures are not design but are was executed to be research aids and in addition should be employed. You should motivate learners to use still pictures. They are important factors. * DRAWINGS Drawings happen to be readily seen in the books and other class room materials. Sketches and layouts employ the graphic set up of lines to represent people, places, points and concepts. Your learners can use computer-based programmes pertaining to layout, style, and example.
They can use Apple -works and Photoshop. SKETCHES USING NON-PROJECTED VISUALS Instructors can use these for students of all ages. They will involve teams to work collaboratively to prepare a demonstration, with sketches and graphs.? THERE ARE MANY TYPES OF DIFFERENT CHART: Organization chart, Classification chart, Time lines, Tabular charts, and Flowcharts.?
THERE ARE MANY TYPES OF CHARTS: Bar graphs, Pictorial graphs, Circle graphs, Line charts.? POSTERS Posters are easy to develop. They are accustomed to catch and hold the viewer’s attention for least very long to talk a brief concept quickly for a new topic or a other dressing up event.?
CARTOONS Cartoons are very well-known and familiar visual style. Cartoons are easily and quickly read and appeal to learners of all ages. You can use cartoons to reinforce a point of instruction. **LIMITATION -DURABILITY: You can easily damage with regular student use it. We have a problem to hold non-projected visuals- Storage. -MAY BE AS WELL SMALL PERTAINING TO GROUP BROWSING: non-projected pictures are not suited to use to get group as they are small. **Using non projected visuals in the classroom 1 . Use visuals whenever possible to demonstrate suggestions.
2 . Present a single idea in every visual. Tenderize complex visuals into easier ones or build all of them up step-by-step. 3. Minimize text on each visual; maximum of six phrases per range and six lines every visual. some.
Cover irrelevant material with plain paper. 5. Use just one image at time. 6. Instruct your scholars to understand pictures 7. Provide written tips to pointed out important information included in the visuals.? POSITIVE ASPECTS * Readily accessible * Economical * No equipment needed * Simple to operate * Designed for all levels of instruction 5. Available for most disciplines 2. Simplification of complex tips.
INFO4MYSTERY MONDAY, 23 SEPTEMBER 2013 LOW PROJECTED A. V. HELPS: GRAPHIC SUPPORTS: It is a combination of graphic and pictorial material designed for the orderly and logical visualizing of human relationships between key points and concepts ex: comparisons, relative sums developments, processes, classification or perhaps organization. It provides the following CHARTS Introduction: These kinds of visual signs used for outlining, comparing, contrasting or performing other companies in detailing subject matter. A chart is a combination of pictorial, graphic, statistical or up and down material, which in turn presents a clear summary.
DEFINITION: Chart is defined as a visual help which describes pictorial and written essential information in systematic method to summarize, review, ex: anatomical charts and figure, diagrams etc . PURPOSES: Г To visualise an item, it is otherwise challenging to explain only in words and phrases. Г To highlight important items. Г To supply outline for materials covered in demonstration. Г To exhibit continuity in process. Г For creating complications and exciting thinking.
Г For displaying development of framework. TYPES OF CHARTS: Г Narrative data: Arrangement of facts and ideas for revealing the events in the process or development of a significant issue to the point of resolution or perhaps we can show a noticable difference over a period of years. Г The reason and effective chart: Arrangement of specifics and ideas for expressing the relationship between rights and duties or between a complex of conditions and alter or conflict. Г The chain chart: arrangement of facts and ideas for expressing transitions or cycles.
Г The advancement chart: specifics and delete word expressing within specific items from start data as well as projections in future. ГStrip tease graph and or chart: it permits speaker to present the information step by It boosts the interest and imagination with the audience. The info on the data is covered with skinny paper pieces to which it has been applied both by wax, tape or sticky compound or hooks. As the speaker wants to aesthetically reinforce a place with words and phrases or emblems, he eliminates the appropriate deprive or conventional paper. It creates interest.
This increases learning and aids recall. Г Pull graph: it involves written text messages which are invisible by strips of solid paper. The message can be shown to the viewer, one particular after one other by6 taking out the concealing strips. Г Flow graph and or chart: diagrams utilized to show company elements or perhaps administrative or functional human relationships. In this data lines, rectangles, circles, will be connected by lines displaying the directional flow.
Г Tabulation graph: it displays the plan of an activity or associated with an individual former mate: time-table of a class. They are very beneficial aid in the instructing situation where breakdown of your fact or possibly a statement will be listed. Also it is a useful help for demonstrating points of comparability, distinction, and contrasts among two or more points. While producing the desk charts the next points must be kept in the mind. The chart should be 50 X 75 centimeter or more in proportion.
The data should be captioned in striking letters. The vertical columns should be completed short key phrases rather than complete sentences. Г Turn chart: some charts linked to specific subject have been tagged together and hang on a supporting stand. The individual graphs will bring a series of related materials or messages in sequence. The quiet points of certain topic will be presented.
Г Pie data: a ring will be driven and categories will be made into different portions, each section will be coded differently and code important will be given at right corner from the chart as legend. The circumference is divided into suited sections. It is relevant for showing the component part FLASH CARDS EXPLANATION: Flash playing cards are a pair of pictured daily news cards of varying sizes that are exhibited one by one in a logical series.
Flash cards may be self produced or in a commercial sense prepared and therefore are made up of data or drawing paper, plane paper employing colors or ink about them for images. PURPOSES: 1 . To show the students. 2 . To give health education. three or more.
Useful for small group. 4. Used in group conversations. PRINCIPLES: The communications can be quick, simple series drawing or photographs, cartoons and the articles will be crafted in few lines at the back of the every card. 10? Back button 12? or perhaps 22?
X 28? is commonly used size. 10-12 cards for starters talk can be used. It should not be less than 3 plus more than twenty.
Prepare a picture for each and every idea which will give visual impact for the idea. The height of writing around the flash greeting card is to be roughly 5cm intended for better creation. USING THE FLASHCARDS: For class room instruction, the flash credit card s is usually to be properly applied.
The following actions are used although displaying adobe flash cards. 1 ) Give quick introduction regarding the lesson to college students. 2 . Give instructions to students of the actions as you flash the cards. three or more. Flash the in front of the category by having it large with both the hands so that all of the students can easily see it. four.
Let the student respond as per instructions currently given. five. Review the lesson by selectively applying flash playing cards. ADVANTAGES: Flash credit cards can be used to expose and present topics. It can be used to use information previously gained by students to new situations It can be used to review a topic. Can be used for drill and practice in elementary classes To build up the intellectual abilities of recognition and recall of students.
It can act as a useful ancillary aid and is effectively combined with other material. DISADVANTAGES: Can not be utilized for a large group Vulnerable to get ruined soon Preparation is time consuming. CARDS DEFINITION: Posters are the graphic aids with short quick and standard messages with attention capturing paintings. PURPOSES: To provide general motivation.
To create an esthetic or perhaps atmospheric effect. To communicate a much more general thought. To pushed the concept for leading to action. For the class room and community. PREP AND GUIDELINES: To carry out a special work.
To advertise one stage. To back up local demonstration. Planned for specified people Tell the message in single peek. Work with bold characters. Use pleasing colors It will place, where people go or collect.
FEATURES OF A GOOD POSTER: Brevity: message should be concise Ease: message needs to be easily understandable Idea: should basic on solitary idea and it should be relevant. Color: suitable color and mixture should be used to make the cartel attractive and eye catching. Display: when displaying you need to be sure to find a place high is ad4equate light and where the bigger population will discover it.
POSITIVE ASPECTS: It attracts interest. This conveys the message very quickly. Will not require a thorough study.
Good cartel leads to action with great motivation It can stand alone and is personal explanatory. CONS: Poster does not always provide enough information Every time a poster is viewed for longer period it may not desirable. So it must be dynamic GRAPHS DEFINITION: Graphs are the visual teaching assists for showing statistical data and contrasting the styles or improvements of specific attributes. TECHNIQUE OF PREPARATION: Before making the line chart makes a rough draw of it in a note book. Pertaining to drawing the bar graph use the chart conventional paper of 50x 72 centimeter size.
Use two different color shades intended for the two different groups. The bars should be equi-spaced. Write down thier key to the line graph within a box within the right hand side part of the graph paper. Numbers specifying the magnitude of the bars should be in the top on the pubs.
TYPES: Cake graph: They are called as circle diagram. The data are presented detailed the parts of portions of the circle. In deciding the area of a group of friends we have to take in to account a quantity called pie.
The surface part of a ring is to cover 360 degree. The whole frequencies or value all of us equated to 360 degree and then the angles corresponding to aspect parts are calculated. After deciding their position, the required groups in the ring are sketched. Bar graph: The graphic presentation stretches the scale flat along the period of bars. Every single bar should be of the same breadth, height from the bar over the period symbolizes the corresponding time of the adjustable.
Graphs are available in 2 varieties that is vertical and lateral Line graph: To show the trends and relationships ex girlfriend or boyfriend: single range shows the relation as well as the variation in the quantity. Quantitative data will be plotted or perhaps when the data is ongoing. The ideas are showed with the help of lines drawn possibly horizontally or vertically. The plotted points are linked to one another, rather than the base thus producing the curve.
Pictorial graph: It is an out standing up method of image representation. Pictures are used for the word of best; they are more desirable and easily realized. Vivid photographs will be used to develop rapid relationship with the graphical message; every visual mark may be used to suggest quantity.
ROADMAPS DEFINITION: A map is known as a graphic aid representing the proportionately as a diagram, the surface of the earth, community or parts there of. It delivers the message by lines, symbols, words and phrases and colors.
TYPES OF ROADMAPS: v Political maps: these kinds of maps show political categories of the world, a continent, a nation. versus Physical roadmaps: shows the physical shape of a place, area, and region. v Relief roadmaps: it reveals the actual elevations and depressions in a place, area, and region. v Weather maps: shows how much rains, temperature extremes, dampness in an location, region region. v Inhabitants maps: displays the circulation of human population in various areas of region, nation. v Photo or traveler maps: shows historical locations monumental sites. etc .. v Road maps: shows the roads of the region hooking up various parts and points together. v Railway roadmaps: shows the railway links between numerous points. sixth is v Air roadmaps: shows the environment routes between various details. v Ocean root maps: shows the sea routes between various sea ports CARTOONS The word animation has numerous meanings, based upon several very different forms of image art and illustration. The word has evolved over time.
The original meaning was in art work, and generally there cartoon meant a preparatory drawing to get a piece of art such as a painting. CLASSIFICATION: A toon is humorous caricature which provides a simple message. Within a cartoon the features of things and people will be exaggerated along with generally recognized symbols. PRINCIPLES: The quality of the drawing ought to be high primarily for visible effectiveness. The icons used ought to be familiar and represent a concept or thought to which college students can behave intellectually.
ADVANTAGES: A cartoon can be properly used to start certain lessons. You can use it for making a lesson exciting and interesting. Illusion Satire Exaggeration. NEWS DOCUMENTS It can provide health emails in neighborhood languages which usually cancan reach to the open public easily. The information will be available in low cost, set up and figure out simple vocabulary. the people may learn to browse and translate the contents along with pictures to boost easy holding.
ADVANTAGES Гј Best method to succeed in a large group Гј Photographs will help in easy understanding Гј Attractive and easy to know Гј Wide range of information can be acquired in various areas DISADVANTAGES Гј useful for literates only Гј detailed info cannot be creates COMIC WHITENING STRIPS Definition: A comic strip is a graphic interpretation in a number of pictures or sketches of some persona and situations full of action. This medium of communication is found really interesting and fascinating by children. USES: Comic whitening strips fire the imagination of children That boosts the bravery of children and builds up the spirit of adventure. That communication comprehensive and vibrant. That stimulates truth and involvement.
LIMITATIONS: Comic pieces misguide children by depicting characters with supernatural capabilities divorced from your hard facts of your life. Comedian strips hamper the development of dialect of children. Classics presented in the form of comics develop is a tendency in children to disregard or by simply pas t the original function. Comics can shortly become a great obsession with young children and so they tend to prevent serious research