virtual banking essay
STAND OF ITEMS
01. 00 EXECUTIVE OVERVIEW
02. 00 TRENDS IN RETAIL BANK
03. 00 ABOUT THE WEB
04. 00 VIRTUAL BANK AND APPLICATIONS
04. 01 SMART PLAYING CARDS
05. 00 EXAMPLES
06. 00 SECURITY ON THE NET
06. 01 CRYPTOGRAPHY
06. 02 FIREWALLS
06. 03 TRUSTED SYSTEMS
07. 00. REGULATIONS AND PROBLEMS
08. 00 SUMMARY.
09. 00. REFERENCES
01. 00EXECUTIVE SYNOPSIS
The Internet is definitely emerging as an efficient delivery channel to get financial services. With
Internet financial, customers do not need to have unique bank-issued computer software. Banks
maintain their id and can separate themselves by simply customizing the services And information they provide over the Internet.
02. 00TRENDS IN RETAIL BANKING
How much does better consumer mean? Increasingly, customers are demanding more
convenient ways to do their very own banking. A great Ernst and Young study (Technology in
Banking Report) concluded that absolutely nothing changes in the bank world in the event customers
simply cannot get finance when and where they wishthis means anywhere, any kind of time
time. Statistics show that ATMs, telephone financial, and house banking account intended for
over fifty % of all bank transactions today, and total non-branch activity is
growing at 20 percent a year. In one survey (Web-Tech, Inc., May 18, 1995)
eighty-two percent of 18- to 34-year olds polled favored banks with 24-hour
Consumers are also requiring a more complex mix of goods tailored
specifically for their financial needs, and nonbank competition are better fulfilling these kinds of
needs. Banks today carry only 20% of home financial resources, versus 34% twenty
yrs ago, they have 30% of organization deposits, versus 42% just seven years ago.
Nonbank mastercard providers have gained inroads against banking companies, holding a 25%
business versus 5% in 1986 (WebTech, Inc., May 17, 1995).
Internet banking offers an eye-catching solution to this kind of redesigned product or service.
Customers have got 24-hour graphical-interface access to their particular accounts and appreciate
that their financial institution is doing something to make bank easier for them.
goal. 00ABOUT THE WEB
The Internet features exploded within the last two years thanks to the invention with the so-called
internet browser. A internet browser is a point-and-click software program that permits surfers to
navigate throughout the Internet , and without knowing any UNIX commands. The first
web browser was developed by the National Center for Supercomputing Applications, a
government organization. With a web browser and access to the Internet, you can order a pizza
listen to and buy a CD, stroll throughout the Louvre, or perhaps view satellite tv photographs
Although it may get congested every now and then, the Internet itself is extremely
dependable. There is not actually any one network that is the Net, it is composed of
thousands of sites that connect to each other through common tracks, and they
most agree to carry each others traffic. There exists a lot of money going up coming from local
gain access to providers to these national players, guaranteeing which the infrastructure can
continue to broaden to meet demand.
Because numerous resources are shared, the world wide web is also incredibly efficient. This costs a lot
significantly less to connect an enterprise to the Internet than to lease contract telephone lines that consumers
dial in with their modems. Most likely Internet users will continue to be incurred for
how big is the water line connecting these to the Internet.
The amount of commercial organizations with an online presence bending in the 1st three
a few months of 95. Modems could keep getting quicker, allowing more details, better
graphics, and full-motion video to become downloaded more readily. However , in five years
most people will probably acquire their Internet access from their wire company
that will provide them with a ten megabit-per-second connection through their very own cable
wire. A 10-MB connection might download in a single second data that needs a 28. 8K
modem five and a half a few minutes to download (WebTech, Incorporation., May seventeen 1995).
04. 00VIRTUAL BANKING AND APPLICATIONS
Photo a bank without any twigs. No tellers. No lines of desks. not any racks of
brochures, zero automated teller machines outside the house. Picture, actually a digital bank, a single
that for the customer exists only in his or her office or home, since images on a computer
display. US finance institutions are moving towards electronic banking. This tactic
is about producing bank products and services available to buyers any time and any
place they want them. As electronic banking turns into more popular, it is rather likely that
more customer service will be viewed while the quantity of traditional teller-staffed
branches can decline. Bank customers will certainly move far from traditional bank and
will become more dependent on electronic ventures using ATMs or Personal computers (Britt
Savings&Community Banker, Feb . 1995, s. 9).
Due to revolution, finance institutions are using software applications, online
providers, and even the web to allow customers to check bills, pay bills, and
transfer money among accounts, Bankers assure that, in the near future, we will likely
be able to more readily buy records of first deposit, mutual money, and other purchases
and even sign up for loans in electronic format.
For most people, present day best option could possibly be plug within their bank through one of 3
leading home-budgeting software programs: Intuits Quicken, Microsoft Money, and
Managing Your dollars.
By simply charging $5 to 20 dollars a month for such providers, banks will definitely cash in on the
high-tech superhighway. For customers, the work is made easy. All that is essential is a
pc, software and a device. On-screen instructions, laden with
colorful design and pictures, explain how to select and work on various responsibilities. The
system automatically figures and updates account amounts and will keep records of
A few banks have already set up residence pages within the Internet to provide
information to their existing and potential customers regarding upcoming services. They
started out their transactions. Internet banking differs in the traditional LAPTOP OR COMPUTER banking
style in several ways. In most home banking ventures, the bank transmits an application
computer software to the customer which in turn runs on the buyers PC. The customer
then dials into the financial institution with their modem, downloads info, and runs the courses
that are citizen on their computer system, perhaps mailing back a batch of requests including
transfers among accounts. That demands more and more space and speed from the
customers pc. With Internet banking, on the other hand, there are potential
customers who already have every one of the software they need to do their banking, seeing that all
they require is a browser. The actual banking software lives on the banks server in
the form with their home page. This kind of software could be updated any kind of time moment with new
information, such as new prices or perhaps products, and not having to send everything to the
customer, it can also always expand and turn more sophisticated with out
becoming difficult for the customer to operate. Banking with a web browser, on the
furthermore, involves a continuous, interactive program, initiated by a local phone call
to a regional access service provider or on-line service.
A homepage in the Internet is not just a personalized product tailored specifically
for the banks clients, but an advertisements for your bank as well.
Early traders in the Internet banking market is going to benefit upon multiple methodologies. These
banking companies will charm to a vast new potential market who have represent a stunning
demographic part: educated, professional, affluent. These kinds of new customers will save
banks funds because they will visit twigs less usually and will move from
daily news to electronic transactions. Moreover, by developing internal expertise
today, banks can placement themselves to react quickly to competitive moves and
consumer trends as the financial services market evolves. These types of banks might find the
benefits of early players and they will benefit from the public relations increase that comes from
being a market leader(WebTech, Inc., May 17, 1995).
In Columbus, Ohio, Huntington Bancshares Inc. has put the stamp for the virtual bank
concept with Huntingtons Gain access to, an automated branch office thats always open up.
The Get branch residences both classic and advanced-function automated teller
machines that use imaging technology to display deposited checks to get verification and
to cash a check towards the nearest money. Also about site may be the Personal Touchscreen display
interactive video kiosks in which customers may conduct many different transactions. On the
touch screen, customers are able to talk face to image having a customer service
Banks are facing a windowpane of buyer opportunity. In a lot of their very own
other organization transactions, the retail consumer in general is usually learning to self-serve.
And, a vast amount of more importance, he or she is learning to self-sell, says George
Bollenbacher, manager of strategy and business creation for worldwide financial
solutions at Unisys Corp. To put it briefly, they are looking forward to self-banking.
Some progressive financial institutions already have a presence on the World Wide Web. Wells
Fargo Bank of San Francisco offers customers usage of current account harmony
information and transaction histories at its Website Using browsers from Netscape
Communications Corp. First Union Bank, in alliance with Open Marketplace Inc. ideas by
years end to provide full Net transaction providers to it is 10 mil customers (Kay, A.
Sales and marketing communications Week, Aug 14, l995, p. 36-40).
05. 00SMART CREDIT CARDS
Employees for Bank of America, Chemical substance, Wells Fargo, and other significant U. S i9000. banks
use them to buy lunch and appetizers. Smart cards-plastic cards with computer chips-are
starting to be utilized for prepayment, charge, and credit purchases around the globe. In
the U. S i9000., smart credit cards can be only used in a covered group of equipment, or for just one
purpose. They can be part of the wider shift to electronic delivery, to making ATMs
more functional, to using PCs and the Internet to do home banking, to going to POS
ports to obtain cash back, which will get electronic rewards transfer off a credit card. says
Edgar Brown, mature vice- leader of alternative delivery products to start with Union
Charlotte now, N. C.
One of the advantage of using chips on playing cards with or instead of magnet stripes can be
better reliability. Microprocessor potato chips are very difficult to alter or perhaps forge. Potato chips can
hold more information than magnetic stripes can. A microprocessor computer chip can shop up
ten kilobytes of information. Smart playing cards make possible cheaper and faster repayments.
Money can be deducted from a processor chip without on the web authorization. This makes for a
two-second transaction compared to an up-to-two-minutes one, and telecommunications
costs are saved (Lunt, G., ABA Banking Journal, Sept 1995, s. 46).
09. 00 REFERENCES
Britt, S. (1995, February). Savings, Community Banker.
Humpehreys, K. (1995). Security Initially Network Financial institution. http://www.sfnb.html.
Internet Financial. (1995, May 17). WebTech, Inc. Online information.
Kay, A. (1995, August 14). Interactive Applications. Communications Week
Lunt, P. (1995, September). ABA Banking Record, 46.
Wells Fargo Bank. (1995, May). The Orange State Register.
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