watson peplau nightingale and levine term paper

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Excerpt from Term Paper:

Dorothea Orem

Hildegard Peplau

Myra Levine

Jean Watson

Educational Qualifications

Nursing diploma, Providence Medical center School of Nursing. Bachelors of Science- Catholic School of America-1939, Master of Science in Nursing Education-1945.

Graduated Pottstown, Pennsylvania Clinic School of Nursing-1931. N. A. in interpersonal psychology- Bennington School, Vermont-1943, Meters. A. in psychiatric nursing- Teachers University, Columbia-1947, Ed. D in curriculum development-Columbia University-1953.

Degree in Nursing, Cook Region School of Nursing- 1944. Bachelor of Science in Nursing -University of Chicago-1949, Master of Science in Nursing- Wayne State University-1962.

University of Colorado at Boulder-1964, M. S. in psychiatric and mental well being nursing-1966, Ph. D. in educational psychology and counseling-1973.

Philosophy of Nursing

Individuals participate in ongoing interchange and communication between themselves and the environments to operate and stay alive.

Peplau considered Medical as restorative, meant to support a sick and tired individual needing health care.

Alternative perspective, trusting environment plays a key position in ‘wholeness’.

Caring symbolizes the core of nursing and indicates responsiveness between patient and nurse; the nurse co-participates towards the restoration of the person.

Definition of Nursing

Orem identified nursing while an art by through which the nurse gives specialized assistance to persons with disabilities producing ordinary assistance essential for meeting the needs of self-care.

Nursing beneath Peplau’s point of view is a great interpersonal procedure that encompasses interaction amongst two or more people sharing a common aim.

Nursing jobs should enhance ‘wholeness’ and entails engagement in ‘human interactions’.

Caring along with nursing offers existed through the ages in each contemporary society. Caring for other folks is all-natural. However , a caring frame of mind does not come from genes. It is transmitted via culture of profession.

Goal/Purpose of Theory

The Self-Care Deficit Medical Theory: To encourage individuals to be since independent as possible and showcase self-care.

Theory of Sociable Relations: The nurse through interactions, builds up a attention model fitted to the needs of the individuals, aiming for a common goal of health.

The Conservation Model: Nursing’s role in conservation is to assist an individual together with the process of “keeping together” the whole individual via the minimum amount of hard work.

Theory of Human Qualified: Nursing concerns the promotion of well being, the prevention of disease, caring for the sick, and restoration of health. The goal is health promo, and treatment of diseases through caring.

Nursing jobs often consists of care and empathy towards patient and the process. Assumptive pioneers just like Dorothea Orem, Hildegard Peplau, Myra Levine, and Jean Watson have provided rns with the ability to be familiar with needs of patients through insightful critical thinking and varied points of views. Although all their contributions have been momentous and inspiring, the first medical theorist to seriously change just how nurses connect to patients was Florence Nightingale. Recognized as the philosophical president of modern seglar nursing, your woman was the 1st to focus on the collective and the individual needs of nursing and apply her knowledge by way of theory. Her philosophy of nursing intended integration and balance of concerns by human and non-human to inner and outer. Simply by examining the four medical theorists and comparing all their philosophy of nursing with Nightingale’s, the selection of which theorist is most congruent with Nightingale will be selected.

Dorothea Orem created The Self-Care Deficit Nursing jobs Theory. The idea emphasizes the work of the doctor to encourage independence from the patient and so the patient can easily generate a good of self-care that will help towards a positive health outcome. Even though the original theory was separated into three hypotheses, the overall concept of Orem’s theory is usually to enable freedom in individuals. Self-care is in the center with the theory and it is defined as:

Self-care is not really limited to a person rendering care for him self; it includes are offered by others for the person (dependent care). Attention may be offered by members of the family or outsides till a person is in a position to perform self-care. Self-care is purposeful and contributes to human structural sincerity, functioning, and development (Meleis, 2012, p. 280).

When compared to the other ideas, including Nightingale’s, the theory is vastly unlike the others since it places a number of the responsibility of the positive overall health outcome for the patient. Furthermore, by splitting the original theory into 3, it provides complexity for the perspective making it more difficult to know the original or updated goal. For example , the first theory, the theory of self-care, focuses on self-care as a means of keeping life, keeping the psychic and physical functions continuing, and maintaining someone’s health honesty to maintain good health. This kind of theory harkens back to Orem’s original theory, but does not go into details on how to enable

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