code of hammurabi essay
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Hammurabi was both religious and political power of his kingdom. When he declared him self representative of Marduk, he obtained enough support from the people he ruled to begin creation and later implementation of set of laws that would control his kingdom. His 1st objective in creating the Code of Hammurabi was to accept the merchants in the area underneath government control so they can not overcharge in fascination over financial loans. Before the code was applied, there existed law of vengence. After the code was introduced through Hammurabi’s scribes collecting laws and then unifying them into the code, the king surely could bring oneness and in an attempt to the old Babylonian Kingdom.
The Code of Hammurabi is generally seen as an often cruel, rough and unfair pair of laws, specifically comparedto modern rules. A few might claim even though these types of laws show up harsh, it was better than a society without having rules while lawlessness is definitely far a whole lot worse than tight regulations. For instance, kings had to obey legislation and were no dissimilar to the common person when it came to anticipated obedience. Nevertheless because of the Code of Hammurabi there was zero upward range of motion. People were frosty in their cultural standing or perhaps social class, unable to uplift themselves using their current status/state. Furthermore the idea of “an eye for a great eye” built punishment or perhaps retribution severe. This combined with social position made punishment, for instance on a person of low class whom committed a grievance on people of a larger class, particularly cruel and grave.
Stanton Hyma depth in their book the harsh conditions people, especially those of decrease social standing can experience under the Code of Hammurabi. “There were also degrees of punishment accoding to social position. If somebody in the lower classes injured a person in the top classes, his punishment would be greater than in the event he hurt someone in the own course. ” (Stanton Hyma 63) People who committed crimes to the people of lower class were made to face less harsh punishments, thus proving the unfairness of the Code of Hammurabi. Not only was it more taxing for the lower classes, but it popular the upper classes. This intended the upper classes were able to get away with committing more criminal offenses, especially for the lower classes because they were doing not have to manage harsh abuse. The code simply expected the upper classes to do the proper thing and act accordingly, without accurate enforcement.
Although women weRe given rights and sometimes equal pay out according to the Code of Hammurabi, a woman has not been protected in the event she did not have a dowry once she got married. “The terms of her contract usually depended on how big the dowry. If the girl did not possess a dowry, she often was treated as a slave. ” (Stanton Hyma 63) Again this sort of regulation popular the upper classes. Since ladies in prestige families acquired the means to provide a suited and large dowry, these people were essentially safeguarded from potential abuse through the husband. Poorer women that can not supply dowry were treated roughly and be subject to abuse by their husbands in line with the Code of Hammurabi. This kind of shows evidently, unfair treatment of women based upon money and assets.
One other aspect of the Code of Hammurabi that was unfair were the set prices of solutions. “It arranged basic rates for doctors and other specialists so they will could not overcharge their customers. inch (Stanton Hyma 63) Even though it may seem such as a fair issue to create a basic price intended for services, if perhaps someone with less means could received too little, the bottom price would be too high