discourse analysis mini research composition
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This kind of chapter shows an introduction composed of background of study, challenges of examine, objective of the study, and significance from the study. 1 ) 1 Background of the Study Language contains a social function as a tool for making connection among human beings. Without language, it appears impossible for folks to connect to others inside their daily life because language can easily express peoples’ feeling, prepared, opinion, and so forth In case of communication, some community figures may well influence vocabulary use in compa?ero culture. The figure open public not only as the unterhaltungskünstler for world but also as a fashion leader of virtually any aspects including the fashion design, hobby, as well as the language style.
The later feature is the interesting one that you want to analyze within our mini study. The effect of physique public dialect style toward society can be could researched in Essential Discourse Examination (commonly shortened to CDA). Fairclough, the founder of CDA, explains that CDA is a theory of dialect in relation to electrical power and ideology (1995: 1).
This is a theory permitting us to learn how a judgment class guidelines the contemporary society through their linguistics methods. Simply put, CDA is an interdisciplinary study merging linguistic theory and social theories, including politics, economics, religion, tradition, communication, and so forth in order to highlight how the sociable and power domination are acted out in linguistic practice. We can found language design used by determine public in any kinds of multimedia such as tv, radio, internet, newspaper, and even in media socials.
One of the remarkable public figure is usually an Indonesian singer, Syahrini, who is noted by her words. Your woman produces a few famous words and phrases such as sesuatu, Alhamdulillah ya, cetar membahana, and the last one is terpampang nyata. All those five phrases are renowned among each of our society and everyone often use them in daily communication. How do Syahrini’s words and phrases influence vocabulary use in socio cultural? Naturally , there is a good reason that does Syahrini have big impact to society’s terminology usage. Based on the
unique phenomena previously mentioned, the research workers conduct the mini analysis entitled “Meaning Construction in Syahrini’s Utterances.
1 . 2 Problem with the Study Based on the background over, the problem of the study can be formulated since follow: a. How do what produced by Syahrini influence language use in interpersonal practice? 1 . 3 Objective of The Examine
Objective of the examine is: a. To find out the influence with the words manufactured by Syahrini toward language utilization in social practice
CHAPTER 2 REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE installment payments on your 1 Talk Analysis In accordance to Gillian Brown, task analysis is known as a term which has come to acquire different interpretations for scholars working in distinct disciplines. For a sociolinguist, it really is concerned mainly with the structure of social interaction described in discussion; for a psycholinguist, it is generally concerned with the nature of comprehension of short crafted texts; intended for the computational linguist, it can be concerned with producing operational models of text-understanding within highly limited contexts.
With this textbook, the authors provide an extensive overview of the many and diverse approaches to the study of discourse, but basic their own strategy centrally for the discipline which usually, to different degrees, frequently occurs to them all linguistics. Using a methodology containing much in keeping with detailed linguistics, they feature a articulate and wide-ranging account of how forms of terminology are used in communication.
Their particular principal concern is to take a look at how any kind of language created by man, whether spoken or perhaps written, is used to speak for a goal in a circumstance. The discussion can be carefully illustrated throughout by a wide variety of talk types (conversations recorded in several social circumstances, extracts coming from newspapers, updates, contemporary fiction, graffiti, etc . ). The techniques of analysis are described and exemplified in satisfactory detail to get the student to be able to apply these to any dialect in circumstance that he or she activities.
A familiarity with elementary linguistics is presumed, but the variety of issues reviewed in conjunction with the number of exemplification shown will make this kind of a valuable and stimulating book not only for individuals of linguistics, but for virtually any reader whom wishes to investigate the principles underlying the use of language in normal contexts to communicate and understand meant meaning.
2 . 2 Crucial Discourse Analysis Critical Discourse Analysis is located heavily upon HallidayŸs systemic functional linguistics (Fairclough, 1992, Fairclough 1999), and the crucial linguistics
procedure which been a result of the work led by Roger Fowler with the University of East Anglia in the 1970s (Fairclough 1992, Coffin 2001). Fairclough supported the ideas of critical linguistics, but believed that in many respects, they did not really go considerably enough. Fowler claims the effectiveness of critical linguistics lies in “its capacity to supply readers to get demystificatory blood pressure measurements of ideology-laden texts (Fowler, 1996: 6). But Fairclough believed that this focuses excessively on the žtext as productŸ, to the detriment of reviewing how these texts are produced, and how they may be viewed. For Fairclough, it is similarly vital we understand the means of production with the text, and also the process of interpretation of the text message.
CDA is aimed at making the connections translucent among task practices, interpersonal practices and social buildings, connections that might be opaque towards the layperson (Sheyholislami 2001). Henry (as reported in Taiwo 2007) explains that CDA is a technique of DA that reveals invisible ideas in back of everyday conversation. Language is no longer seen as only reflecting external reality. Fiske (1994) says that our words and phrases are never fairly neutral they hold power that displays interest of speakers. The goal of CDA is always to uncover the ideologies or assumptions which might be hidden in back of the words of your written text messaging or dental speech.
installment payments on your 3 Fairclough’s Framework for Analysis Discourses are varieties of social practice. They are also obviously texts (in the wider sense with the word). Nevertheless FaircloughŸs platform adds a “mediatingŸ third dimension “which focuses on task as a particularly discursive practice (Fairclough, 1992: 71). Discursive practice can be itself a form of social practice, and targets the processes of text production, distribution and consumption. diagrammatically as follows: This is represented
Fairclough describes this framework as “an try to bring together three analytical customs, each of which is fundamental These conditional traditions will be: ” The tradition of close fiel and linguistic analysis inside linguistics. ” The macrosociological tradition of analyzing sociable practice with regards to social constructions ” The interpretivist or perhaps microsociological traditions of discovering social practice as a thing that people actively produce and make sense of on the basis of shared commonsense
procedures. for discourse analysis.
2 . 5 Theory of Ideology The idea of ideology that explains to the talk analytic way of this paper is multidisciplinary. It is articulated within a conceptual triangle that connects society, discourse and social honnêteté in the construction of a crucial discourse analysis (van Dijk, 1993b). In this approach, ideologies are the simple frameworks to get organizing the social intuition shared by members of social teams, organizations or institutions. In this respect, ideologies are cognitive and social. They essentially really do the interface between the cognitive
representations and processes underlying talk and action, on the one hand, plus the societal situation and hobbies of sociable groups, alternatively. This
pregnancy of ideology also permits us to establish the crucial link among macrolevel studies of groups, social composition and social structure, and microlevel research of positioned, individual interaction and talk. Social expérience is, here, defined as the machine of mental representations and processes of group people (for information, see, electronic. g., Fiske and Taylor swift, 1991; Resnick, Levine and Teasley, 1991). Part of the product is the sociocultural knowledge shared by the users of a specific group, society or tradition. Members of groups can also share evaluative beliefs, viz., opinions, arranged into interpersonal attitudes.
Hence, feminists may well share attitudes about child killingilligal baby killing, affirmative actions or business glass ceiling blocking advertising, or other styles of splendour by men. Ideologies, in that case, are the overall, abstract mental systems that organize such socially shared attitudes. The feminist perceptions just described, for instance, may be internally methodized and mutually related simply by general rules or sélections that with each other define a feminist ideology. Similar good examples may be given for racist, anti-racist, company or ecological attitudes and their underlying ideological systems.
Through complex and usually long-term procedures of socialization and other kinds of social information processing, ideologies are slowly but surely acquired by members of the group or culture. While systems of principles that organize sociable cognitions, ideologies are thought tocontrol, throughout the minds of the members, the social processing of the group.
Ideologies mentally stand for the basic interpersonal characteristics of the group, such as their personality, tasks, goals, norms, principles, position and resources. Since ideologies are usually self-serving, it appears that they are arranged by these group-schemata. Light racists, for example , represent culture basically in terms of a discord between white wines and non-whites, in which the identification, goals, principles, positions and resources of whites are seen to be insecure by the
other folks. They do thus by symbolizing the relations between themselves and the Others essentially when it comes to us vs them, in which we are associated with positive houses and they are associated with bad properties. Such ideologies of groupings and group relations will be constructed with a groupbased selection of relevant interpersonal values. Feminists, on the one hand, select and
affix special importance to such values as independence, autonomy and equality. Racists, alternatively, focus on self-identity, superiority with the own group, and hence upon inequality, and advocating the primacy of their own group and the privilege of preferential access to valued cultural resources. The contents and schematic business of group ideologies inside the social mind shared simply by its people are a function of the houses of the group inside the societal structure.
The identity category of a group ideology sets up the information in addition to the social and institutional activities that define membership rights: who belongs to the group, and who does certainly not; who is admitted and who will be not. To get groups who share a racist ideology, this may indicate, among other things, bitterness, actions and policies against immigration and integration in our culture, region, city, area, family or company. In the same way, the aim category of teams who share a hurtful ideology organizes the information and actions that define the overall aims of the group, e. g., to keep our nation white. The positioning category foreign people
defines the relations from the crew with reference point groups, such as, immigrants, political refugees
or blacks. In sum, the interpersonal functions of ideologies will be
among others, to let members of any group to arrange (admission to) their group, coordinate their very own social actions and goals, to protect their very own (privileged) solutions, or, conversely, to gain access to such resources regarding dissident or oppositional groupings. As fundamental forms of social cognitions, nevertheless , ideologies also provide cognitive capabilities. We have currently suggested that they can organize, screen and control specific group attitudes. Quite possibly, ideologies also control the expansion, structure and application of sociocultural knowledge. To wit, feminists have particular interest in attaining and using knowledge about the dominance of girls by guys.
Generally though, we shall assume that ideologies specifically control evaluative beliefs, that may be, social views shared by members of any group. Only at that mental software of the sociable and the individual, however , ideologies and the behaviour and understanding they control, also ” indirectly ” influence the private cognitions of group people, e. g., the planning and understanding oftheir discourses and also other forms of (inter)action.
These personal mental representations of peoples’ experiences of such social practices are models (Johnson-Laird, 1983; vehicle Dijk, 1987b; van Dijk and Kintsch, 1983). Types are mental representations of events, activities, or conditions people are involved in, or which they read about. The set of these models presents the beliefs (knowledge and opinions) people have about their day-to-day lives and defines that which we usually call people’s experience.
These types are exclusive and personal and controlled by the biographical experiences of social actors. On the other hand, also, they are socially controlled, that is, influenced by the general social notion members share with other associates of their group.
This combined presence of private and (instantiated, particularized, applied) social details in mental models allows us not only to explain the well-known lacking link between the individual plus the social, between micro plus the macro research of contemporary society, but as well to make direct the relations between standard group ideologies and actual text and talk.
That is certainly, models control how persons act, speak or create, or the way they understand the interpersonal practices more. We, thus, have thefollowing, highly simple elements in the relations among ideologies and discourse in various levels of analysis. Quite simply, ideologies are localized among societal constructions and the buildings of the minds of sociable members. They will allow social actors to translate their social homes (identity, aim, position, etc . ) in to the knowledge and beliefs that make up the concrete floor models of their everyday life activities, that is, the mental representations of their actions and talk.
Indirectly (viz., through thinking and knowledge), therefore , ideologies control how people strategy and appreciate their interpersonal practices, and so also the structures of text and talk. Ideologies define and explain the similarities with the social methods of cultural members, yet our theoretical framework as well accounts for specific variation. Every social acting professional is a member of various social organizations, each using their own, sometimes conflicting ideologies.
At the same time, every social professional has her/his own, occasionally unique, biographical experiences ( old versions ), perceptions, ideologies and values, and these will likely interfere inside the construction of models, which, in turn, will influence the availability (and the comprehension) of discourse. Therefore, the programa given over may be examine top straight down, or bottom up.
The relations involved are dynamic and dialectic: ideologies to some extent control what folks do and say (via attitudes and models), nevertheless concrete social practices or perhaps discourses will be themselves had to acquire interpersonal knowledge, behaviour and ideologies in the first place, viz., via the versions people build of other’s social techniques (including others discourses) (van Dijk, 1990). At many points, each of our theoretical method to ideology is at variance with classical and also other contemporary methods to ideology (see Eagleton, 1991; Larrain, lates 1970s; Thompson, 1984, 1990).
Ideologies in our perspective are not merely systems of ideas, not to mention properties of the individual minds of persons. Nor are they vaguely defined as types of consciousness, not to mention as false consciousness. Rather, they are incredibly specific fundamental frameworks of social cognition, with particular internal constructions, and particular cognitive and social functions. As such, they will (also) have to be analyzed in terms of explicit sociable psychological theories (see likewise Rosenberg, 1988), which clearly has nothing to do with mentalist reductionism.
At the same time they are sociable, for they areessentially shared simply by groups and acquired, applied, and altered by people as group members in social situations and establishments, often in situations of inconsistant interests between social formations (Eagleton, 1991). However , ideologies are not restricted to dominant teams. Oppositional or dominated groupings also discuss ideologies. The key problem of all critical approaches to ideology is they are exclusively inspired by social savoir and rather confused philosophical approaches. They ignore comprehensive and explicit cognitive examination, and so they cannot explicitly website link social constructions with interpersonal practices and discourses of people as interpersonal members.
Ideologies or additional social intuition in our procedure are not reduced to or uniquely described in terms of the social methods they control (Coulter, 1989), nor towards the discourses that express, express or support reproduce these people (Billig ainsi que al., 1988; Billig, 1991), or to the institutions by which they are produced. (For distinct but related approaches, find, e. g., Fairclough, 1989, 1992a; Kress and Hodge, 1993. )
Discourse examination as ideological analysis The sketch with the theory of ideology shown above delivers us having a conceptual construction that also allows us to participate in ideological examines, and, consequently, a critique of discursive practices. In the end, we have noticed that ideologies, though variably and indirectly, may be portrayed in textual content and speak, and that discourses similarly function to persuasively help build new and confirm currently present ideologies. In both cases, this means that there may be talk structures that are particularly relevant for an efficient expression or persuasivecommunication of ideological symbolism.
For instance, headers in newspaper publishers, taken as visible expressions with the overall which means or gist (semantic macrostructure) of a media report in the press, type a special task category that is certainly probably very likely to express or perhaps convey ideological content than, for instance, the number of commas within a text. On the other hand, we have no a priori theoretical grounds to exclude virtually any textual buildings from revealing underlying ideological principles.
Indeed, virtually all talk structures take part in the practical expression of mental models of events or perhaps communicative contexts, and, therefore, of the thoughts that are element of such mental models. To wit, a racist thoughts and opinions of a audio about his black interlocutor, may be subtly expressed (involuntarily or not) by nominal intonation variants, interpreted by the black interlocutor as a hurtful way of addressing her, when sounding unwarrantably insolent or perhaps impolite (for many this kind of examples of everyday racism, discover Essed, 1991). Let us now examine these kinds of levels and properties of discourse plus the ways ideologies may be indicated and conveyed more systematically.
However , just before we present a summary of preferential discoursestructures pertaining to the expression and communication of ideological connotations, we should be clearly aware of whatever we are looking for. Provided the theory of ideology shown above, we must attend primarily to those real estate of talk that express or sign the thoughts, perspective, position, interests or perhaps other real estate of teams.
This is particularly the case once there is a conflict with client positions], that is, when events can be seen, interpreted or evaluated in different, probably opposed methods. The constructions of ideologies also suggest that such illustrations are often articulated along an us vs them dimension, in which loudspeakers of one group will tend to present themselves or their own group in positive terms, and other groups in bad terms.
Hence, any real estate of discourse that expresses, establishes, confirms or stresses a self- interested group opinion, point of view or location, especially in a broader socio-political context of social have difficulties, is a prospect for work in such an ideological research. Such talk structures normally have the cultural function of legitimating dominance or justifying concrete actions of power abuse by the elites.
Surface structures The area structures of discourse refer to the varying forms of phrase at the degree of phonological and graphical realization of root syntactic, semantic, pragmatic or perhaps other abstract discourse buildings. With a few conditions, such surface area structures of text and talk don’t have explicitmeanings of their own. They are the particular conventional manifestations of underlying meanings.
But, such surface structures may well express and convey unique operations or strategies. As an example, special tension or quantity or large printed type may logically be used to emphasize or catch the attention of attention to certain meanings, ones own the case once shouting for people or in screaming newspaper statements. In the same way, unique into countrywide contours might help express paradox, (lack of) politeness or other semantic or interactional meanings and functions. These examples previously suggest that surface structures might express or control the ways in which occasions are viewed by presentation participants.
A big banner topic may focus on the biased summary of any news function, about a competition riot, for instance, and disparaging volume or perhaps intonation might similarly inequality between audio and sign socialhearer. In theory, this means that communicative contexts mayideologically controlled types of events or perhaps ofrepresent girls or hispanics in a negative way, and so on opinions does not only influence the meanings with the text yet also, not directly, the sometimes subtle versions of the visual or phonological surface buildings. Indeed, although the symbolism of the textual content may not clearly express or perhaps encode bias or social inequality, surface structures may let in any case.
In general because of this such area structures should be marked. They must be out of the ordinary and disobey communicative rules or concepts, i. e., those of usual size head lines, normal quantity or intonation in courteous transpire this kind of hidden meaningsspeech, and so on. According to meaning and context, after that, such deviant surface buildings may transmission, express, or perhaps convey in the same way deviant propertiesof models, such as a specially unfavorable opinion about the competence of your woman or a black man.
In other words, ideological surface buildings primarily function as signals of special connotations or version structures, andmay, thus, as well contribute to unique processing of such understanding of text and talk. Special visual or phonological emphasis may also manage the value of information or perhaps beliefs, and, hence, the hierarchical firm of designs in which important information is located at the very top.
Conversely, symbolism and philosophy may be de-emphasized or hidden by non-prominent graphical or phonological structures when they communicate meanings that are inconsistent with all the goals or perhaps interests of the speaker. Intonation, such as the tone of hurtful insults, could also conventionally transmission specific social relations, and therefore also ideologically based inequality.
That is, additionally they influence the context types of the expansive context. Similar is true to get other forms of non-verbal communication, such as gestures, facial expression, proximity, etc, which can also signal social and interpersonal relations, and, therefore , ideological meanings. Finally, it is recognized that accented speech of sociolects or dialects communicate or convey social school, ethnicity, gender, or cultural relations of familiarity or intimacy, because has been shown in much sociolinguistic and social psychological exploration (Giles and Coupland, 1991; Montgomery, 1986).
Again, it is obviousthat this kind of social relations may also be organised in conflict and inequality, so presuppose ideological differences. Decorations may hence signal or perhaps express prestige, accommodation, dominance, resistance or other ideologically controlled sociable relations.
CHAPTER III ANALYSIS METHODS You will find four element that are mentioned in the section of research method. Which can be: (1) type of research, (2) data and data options, (3) info collection methods, and (4) data examination 3. 1 Type of research In this exploration, the article writer uses qualitative research. Relating to Creswell (1997, l. 15) Qualitative research is an inquiry means of understanding based upon distinct methodological traditions of inquiry that explore a social or human trouble. The investigator builds a complex, holistic picture, analyzes terms, reports comprehensive views of informants, and conducts the research in a organic setting.
The researcher assessed CDA in the words produced by Syahrini. Therefore , later the researchers described the result of their very own analysis which tried to find out the effect of the wordsproduced by Syahrini toward dialect use in interpersonal culture. several. 2 Info and Info Sources The info sources were taken from what produced by Syahrini. She is a great Indonesian singer who is noted by her words such as sesuatu, Alhamdulillah ya, cetar membahana, jambul khatulistiwa, and terpampang nyata. Those words and phrases are created by Syahrini herself and they have got a significant impact language make use of because a large number of people utilize them in daily communication
3. 3 Data Collection Strategies There are three steps in collecting data, these are: 1 ) The authors searched the text produced by Syahrini from the internet. installment payments on your Listing what produced by Syahrini
3. four Data Examination In examining the data, the writer employed some actions as follows: 1 . Identifying and analyzing what produced by Syahrini using Fairclough’s dimension of discourse 2 . Drawing realization
CHAPTER IV FINDING AND CONCLUSION 5. 1 Getting Ideologies Syahrini as one of the well-liked artist I Indonesia offers her personal characteristics of ideal beautiful person, additionally women. Subconsciously, she creates her own version of the ideal women characters. The girl prefers to view the ideal females based on their physical performances. She phanatically sees the beautiful women could they be who have great physical performances, such as sleek body, white colored skin, straight nose, bulu mata lentik, and having jambul. It is usually proved together with the utterances regularly used by her like Cettar Membahana, Jambul Katulistiwa. It can be concluded that he prefer to view the author natural beauty rather than the inner beauty of women.
The following facilitates the above justification. Here are the utterances frequently used by Syahrini,: 1 . Sesuatu 2 . Cetar Membahana a few. Jambul Khatulistiwa 4. Bulu Mata Anti Badai Textual content Analysis Individuals utterances are merely concerned with the diction choice and composition formation. As we know, those utterances spelled by simply Syahrini who will be one of well-known artist or perhaps singer in Indonesia. Your woman prefer to declare (datum 1) in conveying her sense toward some thing.
The expression of (1) presents her regret or fascination expression just like mempesona, meriah, gokil. Such as: Trans TELEVISION SET sesuatu banget ya or perhaps Ayushanti terkadang sesuatu. Rather than Trans TELEVISION SET gokil banget she likes to say Trans TV sesuatu banget.
In Kode Indonesia sesuatu has the equivalent meaning assomething. The diction something or perhaps sesuatu generally has the position as noun, but here Syahrini employ this diction as adjective. However, Syharini generally say Cettar Membahana. Cettar membahana provides the equal that means as Luar Biasa or Amazing. Instead of saying luar biasa, she prefers to say cettar membahana. Cettar in Bahasa Indonesia adopted the theory of onomatopoeia which defines because language creation influenced by the sound of something. Cettar expresses the sound of fireworks when it burnt-out.
So cettar menas a thing burnt, eye-catching, interesting, or perhaps extraordinary. Besides that, she also adds the diction membahana after the word cetar. Membahana has practically the same meaning with cetar, but membahana here while adverb and better since adjectives. Type those explanation above cetar membahana means kill the expression of anything amazed, wonderful. In fact there is the expression just like “luar biasa or “meankjubkan in Philippines there Syahrini used the exaggeration phrase in revealing something.
Subsequent, Syahrini as well used the word “Bulu Mata Anti Badai instead of saying “bulu mata lentik. She likes to say bulu mata badai perhaps this caused a large number of disasters took place in Philippines lately, in order that she exaggerate her utterance using one of the name of the people disaster. Truly there is nit the regular manifestation between bulu mata and anti badai, but the girl just combining the utterances with other utterances so it will make new strange language, or maybe it can contact controversy dialect.
Discourse Practice Those utterance used by Syahrini above obviously in order to appeal to her popularity as one of Indonesian singer. She seems offers plan to work with those utterances rather than the additional utterances demonstrated above in order to be extraordinary in expression anything. By these utterances over, she really wants to get more attention by her fans, or perhaps moreover the Indonesian people. The utterances like sesuatu, cetar membahana, and badai expressed some thing exaggerated. Here, Syahrini programs to use them regularly in lots of times. It appears likeshe usually update her new manifestation again and again the moment she wasinterviewed by the infotainment journal. Currently, who does not know Syahrini? Almost all Indonesian people understand her, with her controversy utterances also.
Sociocultural Practice Syahrini as one of the popular specialist in Indonesia needs to attract her popularity. That’s why the girl does it by using the controversy utterances or language in revealing something. Prior to, it had been persisted the utterances sesuatu, cetar membahana, and sesuatu in Indonesian. Today, the changes of language creation can be made freely to obtain some motives. The change in discourse used by Syahrini influence the sociocultural of Indonesia and Indonesian persons. By the utterances used by Syahrini that have been illustrated above, the people imitate that expression from kids until mature use that utterances.
REALIZATION From individuals explanations previously mentioned, it should be underlined that her utterances above imply the deep that means beside this. One of the reasons is the fact she the exaggeration phrase in order to get even more intentions via her enthusiasts. Moreover, in addition, she wants to acquire extra goal from Indonesian people.
ZERO 1 2 3 5
Utterances Sesuatu Cetar Membahana Bulu mata anti badai Jambul Khatulistiwa
Meaning Menarik More than sesuatu Bulu mata lentik Jambul Keren
SOURCES Choyimah, Nurul. 2013. CDA handout. Unpublished Paul Gee, James. 2011. An introduction to discourse analysis: theory and method. New York: Routledge
Fairclough N., 1992. Discourse and Social Modify. Polity Press: Cambridge. Fairclough N., 2150. Discourse, cultural theoryand interpersonal research: the discourse of welfare reform. Journal of Sociolinguistics4, pp. 163-195 Kata Syahrini. [Online]. Available: http://www.dusunblog.com/2012/11/kata-syahrini-cucok-mokorocodot.html
[Accessed from the Internet on May 22, 2012] Syahrini Manfaatkan Jargon Unuk Popularitas. [Online]. Available: http://www.cumicumi.com/posts/2011/09/24/23004/26/syahrini-manfaatkanjargon-untuk-popularitas.html