materials and journalism essay

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Books and literature

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American Heritage Dictionary of English Dialect Fourth Edition. New York Houghton 2009. American Heritage New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy Third model New York Houghton Mifflin Co. 2006 Glencoe Literature; Your readers Choice Columbus Glencoe/McGraw-Hill the year 2003 Hudson, T. H An intro to the Examine of Materials. Harrap 1963 Ousby, We. Cambridge Tips for Literature in English Cambridge Cambridge University Press 1996. Hornsby, A. S. Oxford Advanced Scholars Dictionary of Current English language. OUP 2006 MASENO SCHOOL FACULTY: DISCIPLINES AND SOCIAL SCIENCES.


OGONYA REG. NUMBER: PG/MA/063/2009 PRESENTED TO: DR, KITCHE MAGAK DATE: THE FALL OF, 2009. MASENO INTRODUCTION Materials and journalism are two genres that are interrelated and intertwined since literature borrows heavily by journalism and journalism borrows heavily by literature too. Sometimes it gets problematic unique literature coming from journalism, much more with the breakthrough of narrative journalism.

Relating to Oxford Advanced Learners Dictionary, literature refers to items of writing that are valued because works of art, specifically novels, takes on and poetry (in contrast to specialized books and newspapers, magazines, etc .

). A similar dictionary describes journalism since the work of collecting and writing reports stories to get newspapers, mags, radio or television. With this paper, an attempt is going to be designed to show the variations between materials and journalism. Differences among Literature and Journalism.

The difference between literature and writing can be seen from your definitions of the two genres where literary works is defined as “pieces of writing that are respected as works of art. Art identifies “the use of imagination to express ideas or feelings (Hornby, 2005). The main element word is imagination. Which means that in literary works, language can be used creatively having a lot of imagination in articulating ideas. Literary works has been identified as a mirror in the society and it displays the happenings in that culture. The reflections more often than not depend on the type of the mirror, if concave or perhaps convex.

Therefore, literature can easily distort reality. Journalism, “the work of collecting and writing reports stories intended for newspapers, journals, radio or perhaps television, alternatively, is a picture of the society. What we see is what we have since writing is rapporto. Mikkel Hivid has supplied some guidelines for the difference among journalism and literature. From this paper the majority of the differences employed will be from a paper he shown entitled Fictional works, Facts and Storytelling and Roy Peter Clarke’s essay: Between Reality and Fiction: Navigating Treacherorous Waters.

Initial, Hvid says that “the difference among literature and journalism can be characterized by more than just the difference between fact and fiction. Both the genres have different expressions, diverse criteria to get the truth and relevance and various priorities. Journalism must be accurate but authors of fiction are allowed to lie. In materials, the diction is characterized by the use of fictional techniques just like imagery, representation, irony, rapport, sarcasm, similes and so on. These are generally used to associated with message being communicated to become brought out more effectively.

The language or perhaps expressions employed will depend on the writer’s attitude towards the subject matter with which he can attempt to effect the reader; in the event he hates the subject, he can be sarcastic and the words he uses will be cynical or negative. This unflattering choice of words is likely to effect the reader to build up a negative attitude towards a subject too. For example , in Achebe’s book The problem with Nigeria, he is strongly convinced the main problem together with the country is usually poor leadership. He uses very emotive words. He says; The trouble with Nigeria is actually and squarely a failure of leadership.

There is nothing basically wrong together with the Nigerian personality. There is nothing wrong with the Nigerian property or weather or normal water or atmosphere or everything else. He uses literary tactics like stabreim (simply and squarely), and repetition in the word incorrect to create emphasis. Clarke says that books and writing have different criteria for the reality. The ethics of writing indicate the main variation between literary works and writing is based on the contents. Press must present facts- whether or not they are using the genre of narrative writing or any various other journalistic genre.

Journalists have to research their very own stories (Hvid, 2000). Writing must be the case whereas freelance writers of literary works are allowed to sit. What the reporter writes must be true in the sense that it can be documented by reference to a named supply or real circumstances. For instance what Barrack Obama wrote in Dreams from My dad is true and is documented. It is just a story about his existence; the areas and even people mentioned in the book are real. Fiction freelance writers invent and make up testimonies. Literature does not have to be true to any outside reality, Hvid adds.

In literature, the setting, personas, events and action are typical in the writer’s imagination in as much as they could reflect fact. Sometimes the setting and characters can be out on this world, one example is in tales of fantasy that involves the mention of the unnatural as well as in technology fiction. Media must analysis their stories. Writers of fiction are allowed to add, invent and develop their own sides. In his article, Roy Peter Clarke lists a range of ethical demands on the narrative journalist. You are unable to add anything to your story which was certainly not present in fact.

This is because only the truth must be told in journalism. He adds which you can not write distinct scenes as one, and you are prohibited to merge a number of genuine characters as one. You must respect the timing of genuine events. This is certainly in line with the 5ws of journalism of who, what, where, why, when and just how. All these must come out distinctly because writing is truth and not fiction. In fictional, a character or maybe a thing is usually an archetype. There can only end up being one field of an episode and hence cannot end up being written into one.

He says that finally you will find the ethical require which is probably the most important even if it sounds primarily as a kind of request: you should strive to present as honest and correct a bank account of the reality of the truth you call possible. Literary texts can be interpreted in a number of different ways. When different viewers read a text, their particular understanding is not the same and frequently the writer’s intention could possibly be missed. For example, in Jonathan Swift’s dissertation: A Humble Proposal, the writer, would not intend his proposal of rearing babies for meals to be taken virtually.

Some of his readers had been very furious at the concept of infanticide and cannibalism. Literary works as a physique consists of 3 main elements (literary history): 1) A body of knowledge 2) A system of investigation 3) An accumulation skills and techniques. Additionally, it consists of four main elements 1) Imagination 2) Functional criticism 3) Literary record 4) Literary theory. There are different ideas used to understand literature. These types of components and theories are being used by fictional analysts to interpret fictional texts. In journalism, the text does not actually require these kinds of effort in interpretation.

A message in writing quite often appears in the first paragraph from the text in which the journalist makes the logical realization. The communication is immediate with no room for presentation. Literature and journalism have different ideas of the readers of their readers and what you may demand from. Journalism shows readers having a complete package deal they can immediately relate to. For example, a magazine headlines just stating: Envious Man Killers Wife and Lover in Drunken Rage. This does not require any familiarity with literary criticism andtheory to understand that drunken jealous men can easily tough their wives or girlfriends.

Literature visitors, on the other hand, have to interpret and analyse the text to find what it takes for them. This may be a next to impossible activity as some fictional texts are all around in significance and very fuzy ideas which can be too challenging to decipher. In journalism it really is unacceptable to present readers with such a dilemma since readers have got a right to demand a obvious message. Relevance of the textual content is another part of difference in literature and journalism as there are different conditions used to decide relevance inside the two styles.

We go through literature to try out other planets, lives and people. For example , David Yallop’s publication In God’s Name is definitely an blow into the péripétie of the Catholic Church and exactly how a père was killed because he was a threat to a few bishops who had been perpetrators of the lot of bad in the chapel. The relevance of that textual content comes in once we examine it we find that the murder of Pope seriously concerned those at that particular time in background even thus far. We examine literature to have other realms, lives, and people. We looking glass our own hails from those of the characters we all meet in literature.

Bandeja said that books is a meaning force and so the characters in literature with which we compare our own experience help in building our figure since even as compare our very own experiences to theirs we gain increased insights in to our own lives through a strategy that we refer to as experience simply by. We like the character who is our main character and when that character endures, we experience him then when he triumphs over evil, we celebrate his success. Every personality or happening helps all of us learn about our very own lives. The text is true in the next true and meaningful to us.

Real truth and relevance are decided in the conference between the audience and the text message In journalism, we do not examine texts in order to mirror our lives with individuals we learn about. The heroes do not always help us learn about our very own lives. Sometimes there are simply no main character with which all of us identify with. Reality is a condition of journalism and the article should be relevant. The relevance is observed when it instructs the readers something new and essential about the world they reside in. When we browse a fictional text, we become portion of the story; put into effect sides, laud or condemn a particular persona.

In other words, we read books for encounter. As Aristotle recommended, books provides the target audience with a cathartic effect. Following experiencing materials, there is purgation of risky emotions. Alternatively, we read journalism to consider something from it. This is why journalistic articles will be “news. We have information from journalism. In literature, testimonies comprise of two main factors; background and actions. There is utilization of description of background that is spiced plan action. In journalism, storytelling is informed with 3 strands.

They are background, action and information as a obligatory component. The journalist might add stories to make his story interesting but the most crucial ingredient is fact. Lastly, there is the use of what have been referred to as the frame plus the content. Imaginative techniques are used on the frame of the history or in the introduction leading into the primary story whilst the story by itself is provided as summary or immediate quotes. Barrack Obama’s Dreams from my Father is a standard example of a piece where this can be used. This really is sometimes called the upside down pyramid.


In this paper, the differences among Literature and Journalism had been discussed. It has been realized that the differences between literature and journalism arise due to many elements like truth or fiction, reality and probability, the partnership between the reader and the textual content, the tasks of writing and materials and so on. Although the two types are infact different, the reality is that there is possible of te two complimenting and supplementing each other since literature borrows from journalism and journalism borrows by literature which results in a rich blend.


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