psychoanalytic personality analysis essay

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Every single person contains a personality that may be unique to their persona, even though they may look identical in look such as twins. Theories have been completely developed and fine-tuned over the last two generations, and most remarkably by a number of the more popular psychologists with the last hundred years. Alfred?lde, Carl Jung, and perhaps the most cited in the three theorizers is Sigmund Freud, compile three of the very noteworthy specialists. Freud’s, Alder’s, and Jung’s theories may seem similar in several ways, but are quite distinctive from one an additional.

Psychoanalytic Theories

Freud characterizes the personality into three portions which are the identity, ego and superego (Friedman & Schustack, 2012). Freud argued the fact that id, a Latin term or ‘it’, was the sensitive instincts and motivations (often called impulses) with which human beings, like animals, are born with. The id, working on the satisfaction principle, reduces its internal tension by satisfying their desires. The ego, also known as the ‘I’, acting after the reality rule, aims to strategy, act, and adopt to resolve real issues that arise in the reality on this world.

The ego tends to constantly place in check the desires and motivations of the id. The superego, also referred to as the ‘over I’, is a realization of societal structure that has been set in place by the parent units and entities with the social community. The superego has conscious and subconscious moral pushes that is exactly like the conscience, nevertheless the superego comes after ethical rules unconsciously (2012). Alder’s theory was more complicated than those of Freud, in whose id was focused on the pleasure basic principle and sexuality. Instead,?lde theorized the personality stressed unique inspirations of each person and the person’s apparent function in the social order (Friedman & Schustack, 2012).

?lde went on to build up the foundation to get the id of the sense of superiority, inferiority intricate, organ inferiority, aggression travel, and manly protest mention just a few. Like the Freudian theory, the Jungian theory is also isolates the human mind into 3 different parts; the conscious ego, the personal subconscious and the ordinaire unconscious (Friedman & Schustack, 2012). Jung’s conscious spirit is similar to Freud’s ego, nevertheless Jung thought that the ego was the conscious personality and represents the feeling of one’s self. The personal unconscious is number to the thoughts and thoughts that are not element of one’s cognizant awareness. The collective subconscious is a more profound standard of unconsciousness that entails emotional symbols called archetypes.

Jung referred to archetypes as the embodiment of interpersonal mental reactions of repetitive incidents (2012). Certainly with Alder’s theory the fact that personality strains motivations which have been unique with each person. I also agree with Freud’s theory that the spirit is constantly placing the identification in a absolutely. However , I actually do not go along with Freud’s ideas on humans getting born with basic instincts such as those of animals. Furthermore, I do not really agree in Jung’s theory of communautaire unconsciousness.

Periods of Freud’s Theory

The stages of Freud’s character theory happen to be oral, anal, phallic, dormancy period, and genital stages (Friedman & Schustack, 2012). According to Freud, the oral level is driven the need to satisfy hunger and thirst. While many infants quickly move past the weaning and focus all their libido in to other difficulties, others develop an mouth fixation that may result in difficulties with attachment, addiction, and perhaps possibly substance abuse. The anal level occurs mainly when the child is 2-3 years old and learns self-control over their particular bowel motions (2012). Some children find out this self-control early on ultimately causing a healthy element of their personality. However , kids fixated on the anal stage tend to overlearn it or perhaps fight efforts to manage their particular bowel motions which may bring about passive-aggressiveness, obstinacy, or stinginess in their adult life. The phallic stage generally occurs by simply age 6 and is once sexual strength is fixated on the sex organs (2012).

In analyzing themselves, children explore with sexuality identity and masturbation. However , a hinsicht in this stage may lead to a great Oedipus Sophisticated, in which the youngster conflicts with the father and attaches together with the mother, or perhaps Penis Envy, in which a young lady ponders how come shedoes not need a male organ and connects to the daddy. According to Freud, the latency period usually occurs between age range six and eleven. This is a period with the childhood that Freud believed was not significant to the infant’s personality (2012). Instead, he believed that it was when sexual urges were not immediately expressed, but rather channeled in daily activities. Last but not least, the penile stage is definitely when the kid has reached adolescence, usually after grow older 12. It can be in this stage that a non-fixated adolescent will certainly live a well-adjusted mature life of courtship, matrimony, and child-rearing. However , deviant experiences during childhood potentially produce a various personality concerns as the (2012).

Freudian Defense Mechanisms

Repression is a security mechanism that thrusts inhospitable or distressing thoughts in to the unconscious (Friedman & Schustack, 2012). One of these types of repression is definitely Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Many of our armed forces veterans are returning residence with this kind of sometimes devastating condition. During a flight procedure over Afghanistan a aircraft carrying twenty-three military staff is taken repeatedly leading to integrity concerns to the fuselage. Although no person is harmed, having to do emergency landing and restore before foe troops can easily locate them can have life-lasting issues. Denial is a security mechanism that triggers reality to look untrue, inspite of overwhelming facts or facts (Friedman & Schustack, 2012). A parent comes back home to find all their young adult child using a syringe within their arm, unconscious, and unconcerned, calls 911. When asked by law enforcement officials, the parents reject any medicine use or social issues, and add that their child was always a ‘good’ youngster.

Displacement is actually a defense device that shifts the burden associated with an individual’s worries and desires upon something or someone else (Friedman & Schustack, 2012). A drunk dad comes home, steps on a gadget, and uses his seatbelt to defeat his ten-year old son. The son then visits school the following day and bullies the smaller youngsters. In this case, the father and the boy both displaced their anger and worries on others. Sublimation is actually a defense system that enables all of us to act away unacceptable thoughts or impulses through adequate behavior (Friedman & Schustack, 2012). Someone that is irritated or disappointed may choose to go to the gym and get a thorough workout, thereby releasing that anger or perhaps frustration.


Freud, Adler, and Jung were specialists that shared a similar idea and passion in deciphering personality concept. Yet , they also disagreed on the principles of these kinds of personality constructs. Freud assumed that the personas developed through psychosexual advancement. Whereas, Adler believed in the greater complex advancement through person psychology. However, Jung supported a deeper level of the psyche that involved mental archetypes. These theories offers provided superb progress in modern mindset and understanding of the people of each specific. While each of the theories may have defects, each of the hypotheses has its own is worth that are significant.


Friedman, L. S., & Schustack, Meters. W. (2012). Personality: Traditional theories and modern exploration (5th ed. ). Boston, MA: Allyn & Sausage.

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