treatment or retribution essay

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The anticipations of society for the criminal proper rights system are to punish and rehabilitate a poor00 committed criminal offenses. Punishment and rehabilitation happen to be two known objectives of the criminal rights system, Retribution, which is depending on “an eyesight for a great eye, a tooth for the tooth beliefs, simply means consequence and vindicte for what evils have done. While rehabilitation, while Nicholas Suntan (1999) known that “is the idea of ‘curing’ an culprit of her or his criminal habits, of changing their particular habits, all their outlook and possibly even persona, so as to cause them to become less willing to commit crimes in the future, the primary aim of therapy is to support prisoners to get some skills in prison, to ensure that when they re-enter into culture, they can conform quickly towards the new environment.

Discussions over these two notions possess lasted for years, many could argue that the main purpose of jail systems is usually to punish people who have committed bad guys. While this should be the secondary function of prisons, the most important function should be rehabilitating criminals back in the society, not just retribution.

As a recent study showed that over 60 percent respondents agreed that prison ought to reform criminals, rather than penalize them (Human Rights and Justice Studies, 2000). With this essay, it will eventually argue that treatment is a more effective way to assist prisoners instead of retribution simply by illustrating benefits of rehabilitation.

A few theorists through history include argued which the primary reason for prisons is always to punish bad guys for what they have done, crooks should get penalized when they break the law. When sent in prisons, as punishment, they actually do not have privileges to watch TELEVISION SET, access to net and so on. Yet , some people might disagree with this, since going into prison is already a punishment, bad guys have already dropped their freedom, they should not really suffer extra punishment by being denied additional human rights while in prison.

After all, punishment is not the greatest goal of prisons, payoff from trouble is the standard aim of prisons. The root of most crime is a result of the lack of education and schooling, if prisons preventoffenders by receiving education or learning information from outside, then after introduced, they may feel alienated via society and not be approved by world, and business employers will not employ those who you don’t have knowledge or perhaps job skills which will damage the situation of recidivism. Therefore , rehabilitation should be the main purpose of prisons, because of it promotes the humanizing perception in the idea that offenders can be preserved and not simply punished (Nicholas. Capital t., 1999).

However , some people are afraid that in the event allow prisoners to receive education or access to internet might provide an environment to make better criminals. Although Dr Paul Fauteck (2006) argued that the prison education programs are certainly not “coddling criminals, society in general benefits from penitentiary education applications. The basic purpose of receiving education in prisons is to help them reintegrate and rehabilitate in to society, so they really will not be antiestablishment from culture.

Receiving education in prisons does not always suggest prisoners will make high scientific crime after they get released, in other words, the possibilities for offenders to dedicate high technical crime once they receive penitentiary education are quite remote, after all, in some cases, criminals can be well-informed to understand how come their actions were wrong, and be allowed back into normal society with all the possibility of efficiently effecting world (Wikia, Incorporation., 2007). Contrarily, if prisons do not present educational materials, then the opportunities for recidivism will be very great because of the being rejected of society.

While some dissenters controvert that rehabilitation is not efficient on aiding criminals, mainly because statistics have shown that more than half criminals got rearrested after they released about 2 or 3 years. Actually criminal rehab works to reduce recidivism, it is a cost efficient sort of crime elimination (Paul. Farrenheit, 2006). For example , some medicine could operate to cure some offenders, and indeed, the most up-to-date studies show that they can do work. These kinds of programs include pro-social building programmes, and some sex-offender treatment programs.

This research illustrates that the net effect of treatment is, usually, a positive reduction of total recidivism (re-offending) rates of between 10% and 12%, which could promote a decrease in crime (Nicholas. T., 1999). From thisperspective, it is easy to admit rehabilitation helps you to reduce the price of recidivism, if prisons do not give these treatment options or understanding, then transformation ever change. Moreover, treatment can also help them to realize that being in prisons are disastrous the good way to quit them re-entering into prisons.

Yet, rehabilitation and consequence are mutually exclusive goals, however they become more and more integrated in modern society, because the late 18th century prisons have mixed elements of abuse with aspects of rehabilitation. As the French philosopher Michel Foucault put it, abuse shifted as time passes from the disciplining of the human body to the disciplining of the “soul (Politics. company. uk, 2007). Therefore , incarceration sentences should provide for a set term of rehabilitation followed by a set term of consequence. Furthermore, treatment and therapy are both important, they should come together to reprimand and change scammers.

To sum up, retribution theory target more simply on punishment which is very barbaric, and it will not end up being encouraged in modern society. Even though the notion of rehabilitation is far more humanism and flexible, it can help criminals by providing education and exercising, so the the case aim of prison systems ought to rehabilitate and reform criminals, not simply discipline them.


_Crime_ (2007), cited from

Nicholas Tan (1999), _Rehabilitation as opposed to Retribution_, offered from international debate education association,

Paul Fauteck (2002-2006), Lawbreaker rehabilitation-criminal recidivism rates, reported from


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